Descendants of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

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George III
Queen Charlotte

Here follows a list of children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren of King George III of the United Kingdom and Hanover and his wife, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Their children include King George IV of the United Kingdom and Hanover, King William IV of the United Kingdom and Hanover, and King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover. Their grandchildren include Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and King George V of Hanover. Their great-grandchildren include King Edward VII of the United Kingdom and Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover.

Children[edit]

Name Birth Death Notes
George IV 12 August 1762 26 June 1830 married 1795, Caroline of Brunswick; had issue
Frederick, Duke of York 16 August 1763 5 January 1827 married 1791, Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia; no issue
William IV 21 August 1765 20 June 1837 married 1818, Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen; had issue
Charlotte, Princess Royal 29 September 1766 6 October 1828 married 1797, Frederick I of Württemberg; no surviving issue
Edward, Duke of Kent 2 November 1767 23 January 1820 married 1818, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld; had issue
Princess Augusta Sophia 8 November 1768 22 September 1840
Princess Elizabeth 22 May 1770 10 January 1840 married 1818, Frederick, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg; no issue
Ernest Augustus I of Hanover 5 June 1771 18 November 1851 married 1815, Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; had issue
Augustus, Duke of Sussex 27 January 1773 21 April 1843 married (1) 1793 (in contravention with the Royal Marriages Act 1772) Lady Augusta Murray; annulled 1794; had issue; (2) 1831 (again in contravention of the Act) Cecilia Underwood, Duchess of Inverness; no issue
Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge 24 February 1774 8 July 1850 married 1818, Princess Augusta of Hesse-Cassel; had issue
Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester 25 April 1776 30 April 1857 married 1815, Prince William, Duke of Gloucester; no issue
Princess Sophia 3 November 1777 27 May 1848
Prince Octavius 23 February 1779 3 May 1783
Prince Alfred 22 September 1780 20 August 1782
Princess Amelia 7 August 1783 2 November 1810

Grandchildren[edit]

Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales 7 January 1796 6 November 1817 married 1816, Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld; no surviving issue
Princess Charlotte of Clarence 21 March 1819 21 March 1819
Princess Elizabeth of Clarence 10 December 1820 4 March 1821
Queen Victoria 24 May 1819 22 January 1901 married 1840, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; had issue
George V of Hanover 27 May 1819 12 June 1878 married 1843, Marie of Saxe-Altenburg; had issue
Prince George, Duke of Cambridge 26 March 1819 17 March 1904 married 1847, Sarah Fairbrother; had issue (in contravention of Royal Marriages Act 1772. All issue illegitimate)
Princess Augusta of Cambridge 19 July 1822 5 December 1916 married 1843, Friedrich Wilhelm, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; had issue
Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge 27 November 1833 27 October 1897 married 1866, Francis, Duke of Teck; had issue

Great-grandchildren[edit]

Name Birth Death Notes
Victoria, Princess Royal 21 November 1840 5 August 1901 married 1858 Frederick III, German Emperor and King of Prussia; had issue
Edward VII 9 November 1841 6 May 1910 married 1863, Princess Alexandra of Denmark; had issue
Princess Alice 25 April 1843 14 December 1878 married 1862, Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by the Rhine; had issue
Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 6 August 1844 31 July 1900 married 1874, Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia; had issue
Princess Helena 25 May 1846 9 June 1923 married 1866, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein; had issue
Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll 18 March 1848 3 December 1939 married 1871, John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll; no issue
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn 1 May 1850 16 January 1942 married 1879, Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia; had issue
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany 7 April 1853 28 March 1884 married 1882, Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont; had issue
Princess Beatrice 14 April 1857 26 October 1944 married 1885, Prince Henry of Battenberg; had issue
Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover 21 September 1845 14 November 1923 married 1878, Princess Thyra of Denmark; had issue
Princess Frederica of Hanover 9 January 1848 16 October 1926 married 1880, Baron Alfons von Pawel-Rammingen; no surviving issue
Princess Marie of Hanover 3 December 1849 4 June 1904
Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 22 July 1848 11 June 1914 married 1877, Princess Elisabeth of Anhalt; had issue
Princess Victoria Mary of Teck 26 May 1867 24 March 1953 married 1893, Prince George, Duke of York, later George V; had issue
Prince Adolphus of Teck 13 August 1868 23 October 1927 married 1894, Lady Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor; had issue
Prince Francis of Teck 9 January 1870 22 October 1910
Prince Alexander of Teck 14 April 1874 16 January 1957 married 1904, Princess Alice of Albany; had issue

Illegitimate grandchildren[edit]

Princess Charlotte, the Prince of Wales's daughter, was the King's only legitimate grandchild for the entirety of her life. With her death in 1817, the King's unmarried sons scrambled to find appropriate wives from among the German princesses and produce heirs to the throne; but before this, many had been content to keep mistresses or, in the cases of the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Sussex, to marry invalidly. As a result, George III and Queen Charlotte had 56[citation needed] illegitimate grandchildren.

Name Birth Death Notes
Alleged children of Frederick, Duke of York
Captain Charles Hesse 1786 1832
Colonel John George Nathaniel Gibbes 30 March 1787 5 July 1873 Legally his father was John Gibbes, his mother's husband.
Captain John Bobby-Bob-Bob c. 1789 6 October 1867 Said to be the son of Sarah Hussey, Countess of Tyrconnel, fostered and raised by the Molloys.
Frederick George Vandiest 1800 1848
Louisa Ann Vandiest 1802 1890
Children of William IV (then Duke of Clarence) by Dorothea Jordan
George FitzClarence, 1st Earl of Munster 29 January 1794 20 March 1842 married 1819, Mary Wyndham; had issue
Henry FitzClarence 27 March 1795 September 1817
Sophia Sidney, Baroness De L'Isle and Dudley August 1796 10 April 1837 married 1825, Philip Sidney, 1st Baron De L'Isle and Dudley; had issue
Lady Mary Fox 19 December 1798 13 July 1864 married 1824, General Charles Richard Fox; no issue
Lord Frederick FitzClarence 9 December 1799 30 October 1854 married 1821, Lady Augusta Boyle; had issue
Elizabeth Hay, Countess of Erroll 17 January 1801 16 January 1856 married 1820, William Hay, 18th Earl of Erroll; had issue
Lord Adolphus FitzClarence 18 February 1802 17 Mary 1856
Lady Augusta Hallyburton 17 November 1803 8 December 1865 married 1827, the Hon. John Kennedy-Erskine; had issue; married 1854, Lord John Hallyburton; no issue
Lord Augustus FitzClarence 1 March 1805 14 June 1854 married 1845, Sarah Gordon; had issue
Amelia Cary, Viscountess Falkland 21 March 1807 2 July 1858 married 1830, Lucius Cary, 10th Viscount Falkland
Children of Augustus, Duke of Sussex, by Lady Augusta Murray
Sir Augustus d'Este 1794 1848
Augusta Wilde, Baroness Truro 1801 May 1866 married 1845, Thomas Wilde, 1st Baron Truro; no issue
Alleged child of Princess Sophia by General Thomas Garth (or her brother Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland)
Thomas Garth 1800  ?? Sophia probably had no child.