Descendants of Manuel I of Portugal

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King Manuel I of Portugal and the Algarves.

The Descendants of Manuel I of Portugal, of the House of Aviz, left a lasting mark on Portuguese history and royalty, and European history and royalty as a whole. Manuel married three times, each time providing children. His first married Isabel of Aragon and Castille, followed by Maria of Aragon and Castille, and lasty with Eleanor of Austria.

His descendents can be found in both reigning and non-reigning royal families all over Europe.

This article deals with the children of Manuel I and in turn their senior heirs.

Background on Manuel I[edit]

Family of D. Manuel I at the Fons Vitae; 1518

Manuel, born on 31 May 1469 at the Royal Palace at Alcochete, was the second son of Duke Ferdinand I of Viseu and Beja and Infanta Beatriz of Reguengos.

Throne of Portugal[edit]

During Manuel's youth, his cousin John II of Portugal was King. John II went through a large process trying to eliminate the powers and wealth of the Portuguese nobility, of which Manuel was a prominent part of. John II had both Duke Diogo I of Viseu and Beja and Duke Fernando II of Braganza put on trial and executed. After Diogo's death, the Dukedoms of Viseu and Beja passed to Manuel, causing Manuel to fear for his own being.

In 1491, Afonso, Prince of Portugal was killed from a horse riding accident, from indirect orders by the Catholic Monarchs. John II only had one other child, Jorge, Duke of Coimbra, but he was illegitimate. After countless failed efforts by John II to legitimize Jorge, he finally sent a royal order to Manuel in 1493.

Once Manuel heard a royal order was on its way to him, he initially thought it to be a summons for a trial, and likely execution, and Manuel worried. However, when the order reached Manuel, he was greatly relieved as the order made Manuel the heir to John II's throne.

John II passed away on 25 October 1495 and Manuel became monarch of Portugal. During his reign, Manuel expanded the Portuguese Empire, making it the most formidable power in all of Europe at the time.

From his countless riches from India, after Vasco da Gama discovered the maritime passage to there, Manuel created the most luxorious court in all Europe and founded countless architectonic wonders throughout Portugal in the Manueline style, named for the king. It is this wealth, power, and prestige that made Manuel's children prime candidates for royal marriages throughout Europe.

After King Manuel's death, his descendants would hold a great importance to Portuguese sovereignty and European history. Almost all of Manuel's descendants would become crucial beings in the Portuguese succession crisis of 1580, the Iberian Union, and later the Portuguese Restoration War, as all the claims to the Portuguese throne during these events originated from descendancy from Manuel I.

Descendants by Isabel of Aragon and Castile[edit]

On 13 September 1497, Manuel I married Isabel of Aragon and Castile, Princess of Asturias. The couple had 1 child:

Miguel, Prince of Asturias and Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Miguel da Paz, Prince of Asturias and Portugal
1498–1500
Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1385-1481).png 23 August 1498
Zaragoza
son of Manuel I and Isabella of Aragon and Castile
never married 19 July 1500
Granada
aged 1

Descendants by Maria of Aragon and Castile[edit]

On 30 October 1501, Manuel I married Maria of Aragon and Castile. The couple had 8 children:

John III of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
John III of Portugal
1502–1557
D. João III - Cristovao Lopes.jpg 7 June 1502
São Jorge Castle
son of Manuel I and Maria of Aragon and Castile
Catherine of Austria
10 February 1525
7 children
14 February 1557
Ribeira Palace
aged 55
Afonso, Prince of Portugal
1526
Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1385-1481).png 24 February 1526
Lisbon
son of John III and Catherine of Austria
never married 12 April 1526
Lisbon
aged 2 months
João Manuel, Prince of Portugal
1537–1554
Joao manuel principe portugal.jpg 3 June 1537
Lisbon
son of John III and Catherine of Austria
Joanna of Austria
11 January 1552,
1 child
2 January 1554
Lisbon
aged 16
Sebastian I of Portugal
1554–1578
Dom sebastiao 1565.JPG 20 January 1554
Ribeira Palace
son of João Manuel, Prince of Portugal and Joanna of Austria
never married 4 August 1578
Alcácer-Quibir
aged 24

Isabella of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Isabella of Portugal
1503–1539
Isabella of Portugal by Titian.jpg 24 October 1503
Lisbon
daughter of Manuel I and Maria of Aragon and Castile
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
10 March 1526
5 children
24 October 1503
Toledo
aged 25
Philip I of Portugal, II of Spain
1527–1598
Philip II.jpg 21 May 1527
Valladolid
son of Isabella of Portugal and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Maria Manuel of Portugal
14 November 1543
1 child

Mary I of England
25 July 1554
no children

Elisabeth of Valois
22 June 1559
2 children

Anna of Austria
24 January 1570
4 children
13 September 1598
El Escorial
aged 71
Carlos, Prince of Asturias
1545–1568
Don Carlos Spanien.jpg 8 July 1545
Valladolid
son of Philip I of Portugal, II of Spain and Maria Manuel of Portugal
never married 24 July 1568
Madrid
aged 23
Philip II of Portugal, III of Spain
1578–1621
Juan Pantoja de la Cruz 002.jpg 14 April 1578
Madrid
son of Philip I of Portugal, II of Spain and Anna of Austria
Margaret of Austria
18 April 1599
8 children
31 March 1621
Madrid
aged 42
Philip III of Portugal, IV of Spain
1605–1665
Villandrando infante felipe.jpg 8 April 1605
Valladolid
son of Philip II of Portugal, III of Spain and Margaret of Austria
Elisabeth of France
25 November 1615
7 children

Mariana of Austria
7 Octobre 1649
5 children
17 September 1665
Madrid
aged 60
Baltasar Carlos, Prince of Asturias and Portugal
1629–1646
Retrato del príncipe Baltasar Carlos, by Diego Velázquez.jpg 17 October 1629
Madrid
son of Philip III of Portugal, IV of Spain and Elisabeth of France
never married 9 October 1646
Zaragoza
aged 16
Philip Prospero, Prince of Asturias
1657–1661
Prince Philip Prospero by Diego Velázquez.jpg November 28, 1657
Madrid
son of Philip III of Portugal, IV of Spain and Mariana of Austria
never married November 1, 1661
Madrid
aged 3
Charles II of Spain
1661–1700
Carlos II, con armadura.jpg 6 November 1661
Madrid
son of Philip III of Portugal, IV of Spain and Mariana of Austria
Marie Louise of Orléans
30 August 1679
no children

Maria Anna of Neuburg
28 August 1689
no children
1 November 1700
Madrid
aged 38
John of Austria
1629–1679
Juan Jose de Austria.jpg 7 April 1629
Madrid
son of Philip III of Portugal, IV of Spain and María Calderón
never married 17 September 1679
Madrid
aged 50
Maria Theresa of Spain
1638–1683
Detail of Marie Thérèse d'Autriche by Nocret.jpg 10 September 1638
Madrid
daughter of Philip III of Portugal, IV of Spain and Elisabeth of France
Louis XIV of France
9 June 1660
6 children
30 July 1683
Versailles
aged 44
Louis, Dauphin of France
1661–1711
François de Troy 005.jpg 1 November 1661
Fontainebleau
son of Maria Theresa of Spain and Louis XIV of France
Maria Anna of Bavaria
28 January 1680
3 children

Marie Émilie of Choin
1695
no children
14 April 1711
Meudon
aged 49
Louis, Duke of Burgundy
1682–1712
Louis Duc de Bourgogne.jpg 16 August 1682
Versailles
son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Anna of Bavaria
Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
6 December 1697
3 children
18 February 1712
Marly-le-Roi
aged 29
Louis, Duke of Brittany
1707–1712
Louis de bourbon (1707-1712).jpg 8 January 1707
Versailles
son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy and Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
never married 8 March 1712
Versailles
aged 5
Louis XV of France
1710–1774
Louis XV France by Louis-Michel van Loo 002.jpg 15 February 1710
Versailles
son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy and Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
Marie Leszczyńska
5 September 1725
10 children
10 May 1774
Versailles
aged 64
Louis, Dauphin of France
1729–1765
Alexandre Roslin, Louis de France, dauphin (1765).jpg 4 September 1729
Versailles
son of Louis XV of France and Marie Leszczyńska
Maria Teresa of Spain
18 December 1744
1 child

Maria Josepha of Saxony
9 February 1747
8 children
20 December 1765
Fontainebleau
aged 36
Louis XVI of France
1754–1793
Antoine-François Callet - Louis XVI, roi de France et de Navarre (1754-1793), revêtu du grand costume royal en 1779 - Google Art Project.jpg 23 August 1754
Versailles
son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Josepha of Saxony
Marie Antoinette of Austria
16 May 1770
4 children
21 January 1793
Paris
aged 38
Louis, Dauphin of France
1781–1789
Louis Joseph of France.jpg 22 October 1781
Versailles
son of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette of Austria
never married 4 June 1789
Meudon
aged 7
Louis XVII of France
1785–1795
Louis Charles of France2.jpg 27 March 1785
Versailles
son of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette of Austria
never married 8 June 1795
Paris
aged 10
Marie Thérèse of France
1781–1789
Heinrich Friedrich Füger 003.jpg 19 December 1778
Versailles
daughter of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette of Austria
Louis, Duke of Angoulême
10 June 1799
no children
19 October 1851
Nova Gorica
aged 72

Beatrice of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Beatrice of Portugal
1504–1538
Beatrice of Portugal, Duchess of Savoy.jpg December 31, 1504
Lisbon
daughter of Manuel I and Maria of Aragon and Castile
Charles III, Duke of Savoy
29 September 1521
1 child
January 8, 1538
Nice
aged 33
Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy
1528–1580
Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy (1580).jpg 8 July 1528
Chambéry
son of Beatrice of Portugal and Charles III, Duke of Savoy
Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry
10 July 1559
1 child
30 August 1580
Turin
aged 52
Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
1562–1630
Charles Emmanuel I by Kraek.jpg 12 January 1562
Castle of Rivoli
son of Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy and Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry
Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain
18 March 1585
10 children
30 August 1580
Savigliano
aged 68
Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
1587–1637
Vittorio Amedeo I of Savoy1.jpg 8 May 1587
Turin
son of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain
Christine Marie of France
10 February 1619
7 children
7 October 1637
Turin
aged 50
Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy
1632–1638
Francesco Giacinto di Savoia, Duke of Savoy by an unknown artist.jpg 14 September 1632
Castello del Valentino
son of Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie of France
never married 4 October 1638
Castello del Valentino
aged 6
Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
1634–1675
Carlo Emanuele II di Savoia.jpg 20 June 1634
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie of France
Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans
4 March 1663
no children

Marie Jeanne of Savoy
10 May 1665
1 child
12 June 1675
Turin
aged 40
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
1666–1732
Maria Giovanna Battista Clementi, La Clementina, Portrait of Victor Amadeus II of Savoy, during the siege of Turin (1706), Reggia di Venaria (from Castle of Racconigi).jpg 14 May 1666
Turin
son of Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy and Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans
Anne Marie d'Orléans
10 April 1684
6 children

Anna Canalis di Cumiana
12 August 1730
1 child
31 October 1732
Turin
aged 66
Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia
1701–1773
Carlo Emanuele III with the future Vittorio Amedeo III.jpg 27 April 1701
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and Anne Marie d'Orléans
Countess Palatine Anne Christine of Sulzbach
15 March 1722
1 child

Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine
5 March 1737
1 child

Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg
23 July 1724
6 children
20 February 1773
Turin
aged 71
Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia
1726–1796
Vittorio Amedeo III di Savoia.jpg 26 June 1726
Turin
son of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg
Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain
12 April 1750
9 children
16 October 1796
Turin
aged 70
Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia
1751–1819
Carlo Emanuele IV as Prince of Piedmont.jpg 24 May 1751
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain
Marie Clotilde of France
27 August 1775
1 child
6 October 1819
Rome
aged 68
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
1759–1824
VittorioEmanueleI.jpg 24 July 1759
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
25 April 1789
4 children
10 January 1824
Turin
aged 64
Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy
1792–1840
Maria Beatrice Vittoria of Savoy.jpg 6 December 1792
daughter of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este
Francis IV, Duke of Modena
20 June 1812
4 children
15 September 1840
aged 48
Francis V, Duke of Modena
1819–1875
Francesco V d'austria este Duca Modena young.jpg 1 June 1819
Modena
son of Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy and Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria
30 March 1842
1 child
20 November 1875
Vienna
aged 56
Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor of Austria-Este
1821–1849
FerdinandÖsterreichEste.jpg 20 July 1821
Modena
son of Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy and Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
4 December 1846
1 child
15 December 1849
Brno
aged 28
Maria Theresia of Austria-Este
1849–1919
Theresmodena.jpg 2 July 1849
Brno
daughter of Ferdinand of Austria-Este and Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
Ludwig III of Bavaria
13 child
7 November 1919
Chiemgau
aged 69
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria
1869–1955
Rupprecht von Bayern.jpg 18 May 1869
Munich
son of Archduchess Maria Theresia of Austria-Este and Ludwig III of Bavaria
Maria Gabrielle in Bavaria
10 July 1900
4 children

Princess Antonia of Luxembourg
7 April 1921
6 children
2 August 1955
Schloß Leutstetten
aged 86
Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
1905–1996
Albrechtbavaria1922.jpg 3 May 1905
Munich
son of Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria and Maria Gabrielle in Bavaria
Countess Maria Draskovich von Trakostjan
1930
4 children

Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich von Buzin
1971
No children
8 July 1996
Castle Berg
aged 91
Franz, Duke of Bavaria
1933–present
Franz 14 July 1933
Munich
son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria and Countess Maria Draskovich von Traskotjan
not married

Infante Luís, Duke of Beja[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Infante Luís, Duke of Beja
1506–1555
Portrait of Infante Luis, Duke of Beja, Belem Collection.JPG 3 March 1506
Abrantes
son of Manuel I and Maria of Aragon and Castile
Violante Gomes
March 3, 1531
1 child
27 November 1555
Lisbon
aged 49
António, Prior of Crato
(António I of Portugal)

1531–1595
Anthony I of Portugal.jpg 1531
Lisbon
son of Infante Louis, Duke of Beja and Violante Gomes
Ana Barbosa
10 children
26 August 1595
Paris
aged 64
Manuel, Prince of Portugal
1568–1638
Emanuelvanportugal.jpg 1568
Tangiers
son of António, Prior of Crato and Ana Barbosa
Countess Emilia of Nassau
17 November 1597
9 children

Luisa Osorio
3 April 1630
no issue
22 June 1638
Brussels
aged 70
Manuel António of Portugal
1600–1666
Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1385-1481).png 11 February 1600
Delft
son of Manuel, Prince of Portugal and Emilia of Nassau
Countess Johanna of Hanau-Münzenberg
11 July 1646
4 children
27 October 1666
Schagen
aged 66
Isabel Maria of Portugal
1648–1717
Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1385-1481).png 20 November 1648
Delft
daughter of Manuel António of Portugal and Johanna of Hanau-Münzenberg
Baron Adrian van Gendt
11 April 1678
9 children
15 October 1717
Vianen
aged 69

Infante Fernando, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Infante Fernando, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso
1507–1534
Fernando - Guarda & Trancoso.jpg 5 June 1507
Abrantes
son of Manuel I and Maria of Aragon and Castile
Guiomar, Countess of Loulé and Marialva
1530
2 children
7 November 1534
Abrantes
aged 27

Cardinal-Infante Afonso of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Cardinal-Infante Afonso of Portugal
1509–1544
Cardeal Infante D. Afonso -.jpg April 23, 1509
Évora
son of Manuel I and Maria of Aragon and Castile
never married April 21, 1540
Lisbon
aged 35

Henrique I of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Henrique I of Portugal
1512–1580
Henrique o Rei.jpg 31 January 1512
Lisbon
son of Manuel I and Maria of Aragon and Castile
never married 31 January 1580
Almeirim
aged 68

Infante Duarte I, Duke of Guimarães[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Infante Duarte I, Duke of Guimarães
1515–1540
Duarte, Duque de Guimarães.jpg October 7, 1515
Lisbon
son of Manuel I and Maria of Aragon and Castile
Isabel of Braganza
1537
3 children
September 20, 1540
Lisbon
aged 24
Infante Duarte II, Duke of Guimarães
1542–1576
Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1385-1481).png March 1541
Almeirim
son of Infante Duarte I, Duke of Guimarães I and Isabel of Braganza
never married 28 November 1576
Évora
aged 34
Maria of Guimarães
1538–1577
Bottega di Anthonis Mor - Ritratto di Maria di Portogallo.jpg 12 August 1538
Ribeira Palace
daughter of Infante Duarte I, Duke of Guimarães I and Isabel of Braganza
Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma
11 November 1565
3 children
7 September 1577
Parma
aged 39
Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma
1569–1622
Ranuccio First Farnese.jpg 28 March 1569
Parma
son of Maria of Guimarães and Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma
Margherita Aldobrandini
7 May 1600
5 children
5 March 1622
Parma
aged 52
Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma
1612–1646
Edward farnesio.jpg 28 April 1612
Parma
son of Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma and Margherita Aldobrandini
Margherita de' Medici
11 October 1628
4 children
11 September 1646
Parma
aged 34
Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma
1630–1694
Ranuccio 2.jpg 17 September 1630
Parma
son of Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma and Margherita de' Medici
Princess Margaret Yolande of Savoy
29 April 1660
2 children

Isabella d'Este
18 February 1664
3 children

Maria d'Este
1 October 1668
9 children
11 December 1694
Parma
aged 64
Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma
1666–1693
Farnese coat of arms as Duke of Parma.png 12 August 1666
Parma
son of Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma and Isabella d'Este
Countess Palatine Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg
3 April 1690
two children
6 September 1693
Parma
aged 27
Elisabeth Farnese
1692–1766
Isabel de Farnesio.jpg 25 October 1692
Parma
daughter of Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma and Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg
Philip V of Spain
24 December 1714
7 children
11 July 1766
Aranjuez
aged 73
Charles III of Spain
1716–1788
Charles VI 20 January 1716
Madrid
son of Elisabeth Farnese and Philip V of Spain
Maria Amalia of Saxony
1738
13 children
14 December 1788
Madrid
aged 72
Charles IV of Spain
1748–1819
Charles IV of Spain.jpg 11 November 1748
Portici
son of Charles III of Spain and Maria Amalia of Saxony
Maria Luisa of Parma
10 October 1846
14 children
10 April 1904
Paris
aged 73
Ferdinand VII of Spain
1784–1833
Ferdinand VII of Spain (1814) by Goya.jpg 14 October 1784
El Escorial
son of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma
Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
4 October 1802
No children

Maria Isabel of Portugal
1816
1 child

Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony
20 October 1819
No children

Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
11 December 1829
2 children
29 September 1833
Madrid
aged 48
Isabella II of Spain
1830–1904
IsabellaII.png 10 October 1830
Madrid
daughter of Ferdinand VII of Spain and Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
Francis of Spain
10 October 1846
12 children
10 April 1904
Paris
aged 73
Alfonso XII of Spain
1857–1885
King Alfonso XII.jpg 28 November 1857
Madrid
son of Isabella II of Spain and Francis, Duke of Cádiz
Mercedes of Orléans
23 January 1878
No children

Maria Christina of Austria
29 November 1879
3 children
25 November 1885
El Pardo
aged 27
Alfonso XIII of Spain
1886–1941
Alfonso XIII of Spain.jpg 17 May 1886
Madrid
son of Alfonso XII of Spain and Maria Christina of Austria
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
31 May 1906
7 children
28 February 1941
Rome
aged 54
Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
1908–1975
Jaime Enrique de Borbón.jpg 23 June 1908
Segovia
son of Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Emmanuelle de Dampierre
4 March 1935
2 children
20 March 1975
St. Gallen
aged 67
Alfonso, Duke of Cádiz
1936–1989
Coat of Arms of the Duke of Anjou and Cadix.svg 20 April 1936
Rome
son of Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia and Emmanuelle de Dampierre
María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
8 March 1972
2 children
30 January 1989
Beaver Creek
aged 53
Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou
1974–present
Louis de Bourbon.jpg 25 April 1974
Madrid
son of Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz and María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
Maria Margarita, Duchess of Anjou
5 November 2004
3 children

Descendants by Eleanor of Austria[edit]

In 16 July 1518, Manuel I married Eleanor of Austria. The couple had 2 children:

Infante Carlos[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Infante Carlos
1520–1521
Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1385-1481).png 18 February 1520
Lisbon
son of Manuel I and Eleanor of Austria
never married 14 April 1521
Lisbon
aged 1

Infanta Maria, Duchess of Viseu[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Maria of Portugal, Duchess of Viseu
1521–1577
Marie de Portugal 1521 1577.jpg 18 June 1521
Lisbon
daughter of Manuel I and Eleanor of Austria
never married 10 October 1577
Lisbon
aged 58

See also[edit]