Descendants of Henry IV of France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Descendants of Marie de Medici)
Jump to: navigation, search
King Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France was the first Bourbon king of France. Formerly known as Henri of Navarre, he succeeded to the French throne with the extinction of House of Valois, at the death of Henry III of France.

His descendants are varied and numerous. Some of his descendants are Juan Carlos of Spain, Franz, Duke of Bavaria, Diana, Princess of Wales, actress Brooke Shields and singer and actress Jane Birkin. He had six children with his wife Marie de' Medici and also had many illegitimate children through his many mistresses. This article deals with each of his children and their respective descendants.

Life, background and pedigree[edit]

Life and claim to the French Throne[edit]

Extracted miniature from a book of prayers of Catherine de' Medici, representing Henry and Margaret as King and Queen of Navarre.
The coronation of Henry of Navarre as Henry IV of France.

Henri de Bourbon was born in Pau, the capital of the French province of Béarn.[1] Although baptised as a Roman Catholic, Henry was raised as a Protestant by his mother Jeanne d’Albret. On 9 June 1572, upon Jeanne's death, he became King Henry III of Navarre.[2]

When Henry was a boy, it seemed highly unlikely that he would ever inherit the throne of France, since Henry II had produced four surviving sons. However, his male-line pedigree gave him a special place of honour in the French nobility, since all sons of the Bourbon line were acknowledged as the princes of the blood. As the senior male representative of that line, Henry was officially the First Prince of the Blood.

Henry of Navarre became the legal heir to the French throne upon the death in 1584 of François, Duke of Alençon, brother and heir presumptive of the Catholic King Henry III. Because of Henry's status as the Prince du Sang, Henry III had no choice but to recognise him as the legitimate successor. The Salic law disinherited the king's sisters and all others who could claim descent by the distaff line. He was then the closest relative of the king in the legitimate male line, and as such the next senior-most representative of the House of Capet after the king himself.Catherine de Medici, the King's mother, had attempted to unite Valois and Bourbon interests. In 1572, by which time only two of her sons remained alive, she brokered a marriage between her daughter Marguerite of Valois and Henry.

On the death of Henry III on 2 August 1589, Henri of Navarre nominally became the King of France. But the powerful Catholic League, strengthened by support from Spain, forced him to the south and he had to set about winning his kingdom by military conquest, aided by money and troops bestowed by Protestant England. This set off the War of the Three Henries phase of the French Wars of Religion. The League proclaimed Henry's Catholic uncle Charles, the Cardinal de Bourbon, king as Charles X, but the Cardinal himself was Henry's prisoner. Henry was victorious at Ivry and Arques, but failed to take Paris.

With the encouragement of the great love of his life, Gabrielle d'Estrées, on 25 July 1593 Henry declared that Paris vaut bien une messe ("Paris is well worth a mass") and permanently renounced Protestantism, thus earning him the allegiance of the vast majority of his subjects and the resentment of his former allies. He was crowned King of France at the Cathedral of Chartres on 27 February 1594. In 1598, he declared the Edict of Nantes, which gave circumscribed toleration to the Huguenots. However, this action angered fanatical Catholics, who wanted Protestantism rooted out for good, and could see that Henry had no intention to do so. Therefore in 1610, Henry was assassinated by a fanatical Catholic, François Ravaillac.[3]

Pedigree[edit]

Maternal ancestry[edit]

Paternal ancestry[edit]

Legitimate issue by Marie de' Medici[edit]

Children[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Death Marriages and issue
Louis XIII, King of France LouisparDumonstier.jpg 27 September 1601 14 May 1643 Married Anne of Austria in 1615
Had issue
Elizabeth, Queen of Spain IsabellavonBourbon2 face.jpg 22 November 1602 6 October 1644 Married Philip IV, King of Spain in 1615
Had issue
Christine Marie, Duchess of Savoy Christine de France.jpg 10 February 1606 27 December 1663 Married Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy in 1619
Had issue
Henrietta Maria, Queen of England Sir Peter Lely 001.jpg 25 November 1609 10 September 1669 Married Charles I, King of England in 1625
Had issue
Gaston d'Orléans 1608 Gaston.jpg 25 April 1608 2 February 1660 Married (1) Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier in 1626
Married (2) Margaret of Lorraine in 1632
Had issue

Descendants of Louis XIII of France[edit]

Senior agnatic descendants Louis XIV of France[edit]
Name of descendant Portrait Birth Marriages and issue Death Miscellaneous
Bourbons of France
Louis XIV of France
1643—1715
Louis-xiv-lebrunl.jpg 5 September 1638, son of Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria Maria Theresa of Spain
6 children

Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon
no children
1 September 1715 (aged 76)
Louis, Dauphin of France Portrait Louis de France.jpg 1 November 1661, son of Maria Theresa of Spain and Louis XIV of France Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
3 children
14 April 1711 (aged 49)
Louis, Duke of Burgundy Louis Duc de Bourgogne.jpg 16 August 1682, son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Anna of Bavaria Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
3 children
18 February 1712 (aged 30)
Louis XV of France
1715—1774
Louis15-1.jpg 15 February 1710, son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy and Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy Marie Leszczyńska
10 children
10 May 1774 (aged 64)
Louis, Dauphin of France Louis de France, dauphin (1745) by Maurice Quentin de La Tour.png 4 September 1729, son of Louis XV of France and Marie Leszczyńska Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain
1 child

Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony
8 children
20 December 1765 (aged 36)
Louis XVI of France
1774—1793
Louis XVI of France.jpg 23 August 1754, son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Marie-Josèphe of Saxony Marie Antoinette
4 children
21 January 1793
(aged 38)
Louis XVII of France
1793–1795
Louis Charles of France6.jpg 27 March 1785
Palace of Versailles
son of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette
never married 8 June 1795
Paris Temple
(aged 10)
Louis XVIII of France
1795–1824
Louis XVIII of France.png 17 November 1755
Palace of Versailles
son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Marie-Josèphe of Saxony
Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy
14 May 1771
No children
16 September 1824
Paris
(aged 68)
Charles X of France
1824–1836
Charles X of France.png 9 October 1757, son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Marie-Josèphe of Saxony Marie Thérèse of Savoy
3 children
6 November 1836
(aged 79)
Artois branch
Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême
1836–1844
Louis antoine artois.jpg 6 August 1775
Palace of Versailles
son of Charles X of France and Marie Thérèse of Savoy
Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte of France
June 1799
No children
3 June 1844
Gorizia
(aged 68)
Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry Charles-Ferdinand-Berry.JPG 24 January 1778
Palace of Versailles
son of Charles X of France and Marie Thérèse of Savoy
Princess Caroline of Naples
1816
4 children
14 February 1820
Paris
(aged 42)
Henri, Count of Chambord
1844–1883
Comte-de-chambord.jpg 29 September 1820
Tuileries Palace
son of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry and Caroline Ferdinande Louise of Two Sicilies
Marie Thérèse of Austria-Este
November 1846
No children
24 August 1883
Gorizia
(aged 63)
Bourbons of Spain
Philip V of Spain Philipofespaneol.jpg 19 December 1683, son of Louis, le Grand Dauphin and Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria Maria Luisa of Savoy
Elisabeth Farnese
9 children
9 July 1746 (aged 62)
Charles III of Spain Charles III of Spain high resolution.jpg 20 January 1716, son of Philip V and Elizabeth of Parma Maria Amalia of Saxony
13 children
14 December 1788 (aged 72)
Charles IV of Spain Charles IV of Spain.jpg 11 November 1748, son of Charles III of Spain and Maria Amalia of Saxony Maria Luisa of Parma
12 children
10 April 1904 (aged 73)
Ferdinand VII of Spain Goya - Fernando VII.jpg 14 October 1784, son of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma Maria Antonia of Naples, Maria Isabel of Portugal, Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony and Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
2 children
29 September 1833 (aged 48)
Molina branch
Infante Carlos, Count of Molina Carlos María Isidro de Borbón.png 29 March 1788
Madrid
son of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma
Maria Francisca of Portugal
1816
Teresa, Princess of Beira
1838
2 children
10 March 1855

aged 66
Juan, Count of Montizón
1883–1887
DonJuanIII.jpg 15 May 1822
Royal Palace of Aranjuez
son of Infante Carlos of Spain and Infanta Maria Francisca of Portugal
Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este
6 February 1847
2 children
21 November 1887
Hove
aged 65
Carlos, Duke of Madrid
1887–1909
Carlos Duke of Madrid.jpg 30 March 1848
Ljubljana
son of Juan, Count of Montizón and Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este
Margherita of Parma
4 February 1867
5 children
18 July 1909
Varese
aged 61
Jaime, Duke of Madrid
1909–1931
Don Jaime de Borbón.jpg 27 June 1870
Vevey
son of Carlos, Duke of Madrid and Margherita of Parma
never married 2 October 1931
París
aged 61
Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime
1931–1936
AlfonsoCarlos.jpg 12 September 1849
London
son of Juan, Count of Montizón and Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este
Maria das Neves of Portugal
26 April 1871
1 child
29 September 1936
Vienna
aged 87
Cádiz branch
Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain.jpg 10 March 1794
Aranjuez
son of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma
Princess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and Sicily
12 June 1819
11 children
13 August 1865
Madrid
aged 71
Francis, Duke of Cádiz Francis King consort of Spain.jpg 13 May 1822
Aranjuez
son of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and Princess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and Sicily
Isabella II of Spain
10 October 1846
12 children
17 April 1902
Épinay-sur-Seine, France
aged 79
Alfonso XII of Spain King Alfonso XII.jpg 28 November 1857
Madrid
son of Isabella II of Spain and Francis, Duke of Cádiz
Mercedes of Orléans
23 January 1878
No children

Maria Christina of Austria
29 November 1879
3 children
25 November 1885
El Pardo
aged 27
Alfonso XIII of Spain
1936–1941
Alphonse XIII.jpg 17 May 1886
Madrid
son of Alfonso XII of Spain and Maria Christina of Austria
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
31 May 1906
7 children
28 February 1941
Rome
aged 54
Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
1941–1975
Jaime Enrique de Borbón.jpg 23 June 1908
Segovia
son of Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Emmanuelle de Dampierre
4 March 1935
Rome
2 children
20 March 1975
St. Gallen
aged 67
Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz
1975–1989
20 April 1936
Rome
son of Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia and Emmanuelle de Dampierre
María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
8 March 1972
Royal Palace of El Pardo
2 children
30 January 1989
Beaver Creek
aged 53
Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou
1989–present
Louis de Bourbon.jpg 25 April 1974
Madrid
son of Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz and María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
Maria Margarita, Duchess of Anjou
5 November 2004
Caracas
3 children
Senior agnatic descendants of Philippe I, Duke of Orleans[edit]
Name of descendant Portrait Birth Marriages and issue Death Miscellaneous
Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
1640–1701
Philippe1erOrleans E.jpg 21 September 1640, son of Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria Henrietta Anne of England
4 children

Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate
3 children
9 June 1701 (aged 60)
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
1701–1723
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans.PNG 2 August 1674, son of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans and Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate Françoise Marie de Bourbon
8 children
2 December 1723
(aged 49)
Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans
1723–1752
Louis-Orleans.jpg 4 August 1703
Palace of Versailles
son of Françoise-Marie de Bourbon and Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Margravine Auguste Marie Johanna of Baden-Baden
18 June 1724
2 children
4 February 1752
Paris
aged 48
Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
1752–1785
Louis-Philippe1.jpg 12 May 1725
Palace of Versailles
son of Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and Margravine Auguste Marie Johanna of Baden-Baden
Louise Henriette de Bourbon
1743
3 children
18 November 1785
Seine-Port
aged 60
Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
1785–1793
Louis Philippe Joseph d'Orléans.jpg 13 April 1747
Château de Saint Cloud
son of Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans and Louise Henriette de Bourbon
Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon
6 June 1769
5 children
6 November 1793
Paris
aged 46
Louis-Philippe I
("The Citizen King")
1793–1850
Louis-Philippe, roi des Français.jpg 6 October 1773
Paris
son of Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans and Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon
Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies
1809
10 children
26 August 1850
Claremont
aged 76
Prince Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans Orleans, Ferdinand-Philippe d'.JPG 3 September 1810
Royal Palace of Palermo, Two Sicilies
son of Louis Philippe I and Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Duchess Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1837
2 children
13 July 1842
Sablonville, Hauts-de-Seine, France
aged 31
Prince Philippe, Count of Paris
1850–1894
Philippe d'Orleans Comte de Paris 1862.jpg 24 August 1838
Paris
son of Prince Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans and Duchess Helen of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Princess Marie Isabelle d'Orléans
30 May 1864
8 children
8 September 1894
Stowe House
aged 56
Prince Philippe, Duke of Orléans
1894–1926
Philippe, Duke of Orléans.jpg 24 August 1869
York House, Twickenham
son of Prince Philippe, Count of Paris and Princess Marie Isabelle d'Orléans
Maria Dorothea of Austria
5 November 1896
No children
28 March 1926
Stowe House
aged 56
Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres Robert d'Orleans Duc de Chartres by Brady 1862 LC-USZ62-55228.JPG November 9, 1840
Paris
son of Prince Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans and Duchess Helen of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Françoise d'Orléans-Joinville
June 11, 1863
5 children
December 5, 1910
Saint-Firmin, Hautes-Alpes
aged 70
Prince Jean, Duke of Guise
1926–1940
Jean Orleans Duc de Guise.jpg 4 September 1874
Paris
son of Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres and Marie-Françoise d'Orléans
Isabelle d'Orléans, duchesse de Guise
30 October 1899
4 children
25 August 1940
Larache
aged 66
Prince Henri, Count of Paris
1940–1999
Henri VI , comte de Paris.jpg 5 July 1908
Nouvion-en-Thiérache
son of Prince Jean, Duke of Guise and Isabelle d'Orléans, duchesse de Guise
Princess Isabel of Orléans-Braganza
8 April 1931
11 children
19 June 1999
Chérisy
aged 91
Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France
1999–
14 June 1933
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
son of Prince Henri, Count of Paris and Princess Isabel of Orléans-Braganza
Marie Therese of Württemberg
5 July 1957
5 children

Micaela Cousiño Quiñones de León
31 October 1984
No children

Descendants of Elisabeth of France[edit]

Name of descendant Portrait Birth Marriages and issue Death Miscellaneous
Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias
1644–1646
Diego Velázquez 070.jpg 17 October 1629, son of Philip IV of Spain and Elisabeth of France Never Married 9 October 1646 (aged 16)
Marie Thérèse, Queen of France
1646–1683
La infanta María Teresa, by Diego Velázquez.jpg 10 September 1638, daughter of Philip IV of Spain and Elisabeth of France Louis XIV of France
6 children
30 July 1683 (aged 44)
Louis, Dauphin of France
1683–1711
Portrait Louis de France.jpg 1 November 1661, son of Maria Theresa of Spain and Louis XIV of France Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
3 children
14 April 1711 (aged 49)
Louis, Duke of Burgundy
1711–1712
Louis Duc de Bourgogne.jpg 16 August 1682, son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Anna of Bavaria Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
3 children
18 February 1712 (aged 30)
Louis, Duke of Brittany
1712
Louis Dauphin Brittany.jpg 8 January 1707
son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy and Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy
never married 8 March 1712
aged 5
Louis XV of France
1712—1774
Louis15-1.jpg 15 February 1710, son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy and Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy Marie Leszczyńska
10 children
10 May 1774 (aged 64)
Louis, Dauphin of France Louis de France, dauphin (1745) by Maurice Quentin de La Tour.png 4 September 1729, son of Louis XV of France and Marie Leszczyńska Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain
1 child

Maria Josepha of Saxony
8 children
20 December 1765 (aged 36)
Louis XVI of France
1774—1793
Louis XVI of France.jpg 23 August 1754, son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Marie-Josèphe of Saxony Marie Antoinette
4 children
21 January 1793
(aged 38)
Louis XVII of France
1793–1795
Louis Charles of France6.jpg 27 March 1785
Palace of Versailles
son of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette
never married 8 June 1795
Paris Temple
(aged 10)
Marie Thérèse of France
1795–1851
Marie-Therese-Charlotte.jpg 19 December 1778
Château de Versailles
daughter of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette
Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême
no children
19 October 1851
Kostanjevica Monastery, Nova Gorica, Slovenia
(aged 72)
Charles X of France Charles X of France.png 9 October 1757, son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Marie-Josèphe of Saxony Marie Thérèse of Savoy
3 children
6 November 1836
(aged 79)
Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry Charles-Ferdinand-Berry.JPG 24 January 1778
Palace of Versailles
son of Charles X of France and Marie Thérèse of Savoy
Princess Caroline of Naples
1816
4 children
14 February 1820
Paris
(aged 42)
Henri, Count of Chambord
1851–1883
Comte-de-chambord.jpg 29 September 1820
Tuileries Palace
son of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry and Caroline Ferdinande Louise of Two Sicilies
Marie Thérèse of Austria-Este
November 1846
No children
24 August 1883
Gorizia
(aged 63)
Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois Louise d'Artois with her son Roberto I as Regent of Parma.jpg 21 September 1819
Élysée Palace, Paris
daughter of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry and Caroline Ferdinande Louise of Two Sicilies
Charles III, Duke of Parma
1849
4 children
1 February 1864
Kostanjevica Monastery, Nova Gorica, Slovenia
(aged 44)
Robert I, Duke of Parma
1883–1907
Robert I duke of parma.jpg 9 July 1848
Florence
son of Charles III, Duke of Parma and Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois
Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
1869
12 children
Maria Antonia of Portugal
1884
12 children
16 November 1907
Viareggio
aged 63
Henry, Duke of Parma
1907–1939
Henry, Duke of Parma titular.png 13 June 1873
Wartegg
son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
never married 16 November 1939
Pianore
aged 66
Joseph, Duke of Parma
1939–1950
Joseph, Duke of Parma titular.png 30 June 1875
Biarritz
son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
never married 7 January 1950
Pianore
aged 75
Elias, Duke of Parma
1950–1959
23 July 1880
Biarritz
son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
Maria Anna of Austria
25 May 1903
Vienna
8 children
27 June 1959
Friedberg
aged 79
Robert II, Duke of Parma
1959–1974
Robert II, Duke of Parma.jpg 7 August 1909
Weilburg
son of Elias, Duke of Parma and Maria Anna of Austria
never married 25 November 1974
Vienna
aged 65
Elisabetta of Bourbon-Parma
1974–1983
Armoiries Bourbon-Parme.svg 17 March 1904
Vienna
daughter of Elias, Duke of Parma and Maria Anna of Austria
never married 13 June 1983
Bad Ischl
aged 79
Alicia, Duchess of Calabria
1983–
13 November 1917
Vienna
daughter of Elias, Duke of Parma and Maria Anna of Austria
Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
30 November 1901
3 children

Descendants of Christine of France[edit]

Name of descendant Portrait Birth Marriages and issue Death Miscellaneous
Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
1663–1675
Carlo Emanuele II di Savoia.jpg 20 June 1634, son of Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie of France Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans
no children

Marie Jeanne of Savoy
2 children
12 June 1675
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
1675–1732
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia.jpg 14 May 1666, son of Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy and Marie Jeanne of Savoy Anne Marie d'Orléans
6 children

Anna Teresa Canalis di Cumiana
8 children
31 October 1732
Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia
1732–1773
Carloemaneul3.jpg 27 April 1701, son of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and Anne Marie d'Orléans Countess Palatine Anne Christine of Sulzbach
1 child

Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg
6 children

Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine
3 children
20 February 1773
Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia
1773–1796
Vittorio Amedeo III di Savoia.jpg 26 June 1726, son of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg Maria Antonietta of Spain
12 children
16 October 1796
Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia
1796–1819
Carlem4.jpg 24 May 1751, son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Spain Marie Clotilde of France
no children
6 October 1819
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
1819–1824
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia.jpg 24 July 1759, son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Spain Maria Teresa of Austria-Este
7 children
10 January 1824
Maria Beatrice of Savoy
1824–1840
Maria Beatrice Vittoria of Savoy.jpg 6 December 1792, daughter of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and Maria Teresa of Austria-Este Francis IV, Duke of Modena
4 children
15 September 1840
Francis V, Duke of Modena
1840–1875
Francesco V d'austria este Duca Modena young.jpg 1 June 1819, son of Maria Beatrice of Savoy and Francis IV of Modena Maria Antonia of Austria
Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria
1 child
20 November 1875
Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor of Austria-Este FerdinandÖsterreichEste.jpg 20 July 1821, son of Maria Beatrice of Savoy and Francis IV of Modena Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
1 child
15 December 1849
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
1875–1919
Theresmodena.jpg 2 July 1849, daughter of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria Ludwig III of Bavaria
13 children
3 February 1919
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria
1919–1955
Rupandlux.jpg 18 May 1869, son of Ludwig III of Bavaria and Maria Theresa of Austria-Este Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria
5 children

Princess Antonia of Luxembourg
6 children
2 August 1955
Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
1955–1996
3 May 1905, son of Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria and Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan
4 children

Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich of Buzin
no children
8 July 1996
Franz, Duke of Bavaria
1996–
Prinz franz von bayern.jpg 14 July 1933, son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria and Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan never married

Descendants of Henrietta Maria of France[edit]

Name of descendant Portrait Birth and parents Marriages and issue Death Miscellaneous
Charles II of England
1669–1685
Charles II (1670s).jpg 29 May 1630, son of Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France Catherine of Braganza
No issue
8 illegitimate children
6 February 1685 (aged 54) He is an ancestor of, among others, Diana, Princess of Wales, Sarah, Duchess of York, Spencer Perceval, Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, Anthony Eden, Eleanor Calvert (who married John Parke Custis, stepson of George Washington), Mitford sisters and Samantha Cameron (wife of Conservative Leader David Cameron)
James II of England
1685–1701[5]
King James II and VII.jpg 14 October 1633
St. James's Palace
son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France[5]
Anne Hyde
3 September 1660
8 children

Mary of Modena
21 November 1673
7 children[5]

16 September 1701
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye
aged 67[5]
James Francis Edward Stuart
1701–1766
James 10 June 1688[6]
St. James's Palace
son of James II of England and Mary of Modena
Clementina Sobieski
3 September 1719
2 children
1 January 1766
Palazzo Muti
aged 77
Charles Edward Stuart
("Bonnie Prince Charlie")
1766–1788
Charles 31 December 1720[7]
Palazzo Muti
son of James Francis Edward Stuart and Clementina Sobieski
never married
(1 illegitimate child)
31 January 1788
Palazzo Muti
aged 67
Henry Benedict Stuart
1788–1807
Henry 11 March 1725[8]
Rome
son of James Francis Edward Stuart and Clementina Sobieski
never married 13 July 1807
Frascati
aged 82
Henrietta Anne of England Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orleans by Pierre Mignard.jpg 16 June (Old Style) or 26 June (New Style) 1644, daughter of Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
2 children
30 June 1670 (aged 26) Her descendants include King Juan Carlos of Spain, Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Franz, Duke of Bavaria, Infanta Alicia of Spain and Prince Alexander of Saxe-Gessaphe, among many others. After the extinction of the House of Stuart with the death of Henry Benedict Stuart, the rights of succession to the British Throne and the title of heir-general to Charles I of England passed to her descendants
Anne Marie d'Orléans MARIA ANNA of Orleans.jpg 27 August 1669
Château de Saint-Cloud
daughter of Princess Henrietta of England and Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
10 April 1684
6 children
26 August 1728
Turin
aged 58
Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia Carloemaneul3.jpg 27 April 1701, son of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and Anne Marie d'Orléans Countess Palatine Anne Christine of Sulzbach
1 child

Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg
6 children

Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine
3 children
20 February 1773
Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia Vittorio Amedeo III di Savoia.jpg 26 June 1726, son of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg Maria Antonietta of Spain
12 children
16 October 1796
Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia
1807–1819
Carlem4.jpg 24 May 1751, son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Spain Marie Clotilde of France
no children
6 October 1819
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
1819–1824
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia.jpg 24 July 1759, son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Spain Maria Teresa of Austria-Este
7 children
10 January 1824
Maria Beatrice of Savoy
1824–1840
Maria Beatrice Vittoria of Savoy.jpg 6 December 1792, daughter of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and Maria Theresa of Austria-Este Francis IV, Duke of Modena
4 children
15 September 1840
Francis V, Duke of Modena
1840–1875
Francesco V d'austria este Duca Modena young.jpg 1 June 1819, son of Maria Beatrice of Savoy and Francis IV of Modena Maria Antonia of Austria
Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria
1 child
20 November 1875
Archduke Ferdinand Karl Viktor of Austria-Este FerdinandÖsterreichEste.jpg 20 July 1821, son of Maria Beatrice of Savoy and Francis IV of Modena Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
1 child
15 December 1849
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
1875–1919
Theresmodena.jpg 2 July 1849, daughter of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria Ludwig III of Bavaria
13 children
3 February 1919
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria
1919–1955
Rupandlux.jpg 18 May 1869, son of Ludwig III of Bavaria and Maria Theresa of Austria-Este Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria
5 children

Princess Antonia of Luxembourg
6 children
2 August 1955
Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
1955–1996
3 May 1905, son of Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria and Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan
4 children

Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich of Buzin
no children
8 July 1996
Franz, Duke of Bavaria
1996–
Prinz franz von bayern.jpg 14 July 1933, son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria and Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan never married

Descendants of Gaston d'Orléans[edit]

Name of descendant Portrait Birth and parents Marriages and issue Death Miscellaneous
Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans
1660–1693
AnneMarieLouiseMontpensier02.jpg 29 May 1627, daughter of Gaston de France, Duke of Orléans and Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier never married
No issue
5 April 1693 (aged 65)
Marguerite Louise d'Orléans
1693–1721
Marguerite-Louise d'Orleans.jpg 28 July 1645, daughter of Gaston de France, Duke of Orléans and Marguerite of Lorraine Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
3 children
17 September 1721 (aged 76)
Ferdinando de' Medici, Grand Prince of Tuscany Ferdinandomedici.jpg 9 August 1663, son of Marguerite Louise d'Orléans and Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Duchess Violante Beatrice of Bavaria
No issue
31 October 1713
Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
1721–1737
Gian-Gastone-face.jpg 24 May 1671, son of Marguerite Louise d'Orléans and Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg
No issue
9 July 1737
Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici
1737–1743
Antonio Franchi 001.jpg 11 August 1667, daughter of Marguerite Louise d'Orléans and Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine
No issue
18 February 1743
Élisabeth Marguerite d'Orléans Mme de Guise.jpg 26 December 1646, daughter of Gaston de France, Duke of Orléans and Marguerite of Lorraine Louis Joseph, Duke of Guise
1 child
17 March 1696 (aged 49)
Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans (1648-1664) Duchess of Savoy by Louis Edouard Rioult.jpg 13 October 1648, Daughter of Gaston de France, Duke of Orléans and Marguerite of Lorraine Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
No issue
14 January 1664
Line extinct since 1743

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ de La Croix, 175.
  2. ^ Dupuy, Trevor N., Curt Johnson and David L. Bongard, The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography, (Castle Books, 1995), 326.
  3. ^ Baird, Henry M., The Huguenots and Henry of Navarre, Vol. 2, (Charles Scribner's Sons:New York, 1886), 486.
  4. ^ See genealogical table in Baumgartner, France in the Sixteenth Century.
  5. ^ a b c d "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10136". Retrieved 2007-10-25. 
  6. ^ "Stuart, James Francis Edward, Duke of Cornwall". Directory of Royal Genealogical Data:University of Hull. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  7. ^ "Stuart, Charles Edward Louis Casimer, Prince of Wales". Directory of Royal Genealogical Data: University of Hull. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  8. ^ "Stuart, Henry Benedict Thomas Maria, Duke of York". Directory of Royal Genealogical Data:University of Hull. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 

External links[edit]