Descendants of Miguel I of Portugal

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King Miguel I of Portugal and the Algarves.

The Descendants of Miguel I of Portugal, of the House of Braganza, were numerous and left a lasting mark on European royalty. Miguel married Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and the strategic marriages for all of their children into various European royalties would earn Miguel the nickname of Grandfather of Europe. [1]

His descendants can be found in both reigning and non-reigning royal families all over Europe.

This article deals with the children of Miguel I and in turn their senior heirs.

Background on Miguel I[edit]

King Miguel I, his wife and two eldest children; c. 1865.

Miguel, born on 26 October 1802 at Queluz Royal Palace, was the second son of King João VI and Carlota Joaquina of Spain.

Throne of Portugal[edit]

See also: Miguelism

In 1823, Miguel led a coup in an attempt to place himself on the throne and restore the absolutist regime to Portugal. The coup, known as the Vilafrancada, took place on May 27, 1823 in Vila Franca de Xira.[2]

The coup was unsuccessful and Miguel was forgiven and made chief of the army. This would not play out well, as Miguel would use his forces in the April Revolt. Following the eventual demise of the April Revolt, Miguel was exiled from Portugal.[3]

Miguel returned to Portugal, as regent to his niece Queen Maria II of Portugal and also a potential royal consort. While regent, he seized the Portuguese throne in accordance with the so-called Fundamental Laws of the Kingdom and reigned for six years. His older brother Pedro IV of Portugal, Maria II's father, lost his, and therefore her, rights from the moment that Pedro had made war on Portugal and become the sovereign of a foreign state (the Brazilian Empire). This led to a difficult political situation which culminated in the Portuguese Liberal Wars between the absolutist Miguelists and constituitionalist liberals.

Pedro, Duke of Braganza (former Pedro IV of Portugal and I of Brazil) launched a campaign from the Azores which would eventually topple Miguel. The Miguelite War, one of the many names given to the civil war, would last throughout the six year duration of Miguel's reign and would end with the Concession of Evoramonte, when Miguel renounced his claims to the throne, recognized Maria II as queen, and was exiled from Portugal.

Miguel would spend his exiled years in the Grand Duchy of Baden, where he would have seven children, with his wife Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. He and his wife would spend a great deal of their resources seeking to establish their family, through advantageous marriages of their children. Their descendants include the reigning sovereigns of Belgium, Liechtenstein, and Luxembourg.

Descendants[edit]

On 24 September 1851, Miguel I married Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. The couple had 7 children:

Maria das Neves of Braganza[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Maria das Neves of Braganza
1852–1941
Maria das nieves de portugal.jpg 5 August 1852
Kleinheubach
daughter of Miguel I and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Alfonso Carlos I of Spain (carlist)
April 26, 1871
no children
14 February 1941
Viena
aged 88

Miguel, Duke of Braganza[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Miguel, Duke of Braganza
1853–1927
Miguel, Duke of Braganza.jpg 19 September 1853
Kleinheubach
son of Miguel I and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis
17 October 1877
3 children

Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
8 November 1893
8 children
11 October 1927
Seebenstein
aged 74
Miguel, Duke of Viseu
1878–1923
Prince Miguel of Braganza.jpg 22 September 1878
Reichenau an der Rax
son of Miguel II and Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis
Anita Stewart Morris
15 September 1909
3 children
(declared morganatic)
21 February 1923
New York City
aged 44
Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
1907–1976
Duarte Nuno de Braganza.jpg 23 September 1907
Seebenstein
son of Miguel, Duke of Braganza and Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Francisca of Orléans-Braganza
15 October 1942
3 children
24 December 1976
Seebenstein
aged 69
Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza
1945–present
Jantar dos Conjurados.2008 029.jpg 15 May 1945
Bern
son of Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza and Francisca of Orléans-Braganza
Isabel Inês de Castro Curvelo de Herédia
13 May 1995
3 children
Afonso, Prince of Beira
1996–present
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Beira (1734-1910).png 25 March 1996
Lisbon
son of Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza and Isabel Inês de Castro Curvelo de Herédia
not married

Maria Teresa of Braganza[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Maria Teresa of Braganza
1855–1944
Maria Teresa de Braganza.jpg 24 August 1855
Kleinheubach
daughter of Miguel I and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
23 July 1873
2 children
12 February 1944
Viena
aged 84
Archduchess Maria Annunciata of Austria
1876–1961
Maria Annunciata de Braganza e Austria.jpg 13 July 1876
Reichenau an der Rax
daughter of Maria Teresa of Braganza and Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
never married 8 April 1961
Viena
aged 88
Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria
1878–1960
Elisabeth Amalie Austria.jpg 7 July 1878
Reichenau an der Rax
daughter of Maria Teresa of Braganza and Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
Prince Aloys of Liechtenstein
20 April 1903
8 children
13 March 1960
Liechtenstein
aged 81
Franz Joseph II of Liechtenstein
1906–1989
Fürst Franz Josef II..jpg 16 August 1906
Styria
son of Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria and Prince Aloys of Liechtenstein
Countess Georgina von Wilczek
7 March 1943
5 children
13 November 1989
Grabs
aged 81
Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein
1945–present
Fürst Hans-Adam II. von und zu Liechtenstein (cropped).jpg 14 February 1945
Zurich
son of Franz Joseph II of Liechtenstein and Countess Georgina von Wilczek
Countess Marie Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau
30 July 1967
4 children
Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein
1968–present
HSH The Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein-2.jpg 11 June 1968
Zurich
son of Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein and Countess Marie Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau
Princess Sophie, Duchess in Bavaria
3 July 1993
4 children
Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein
1995–present
Staatswappen-Liechtensteins.svg 24 May 1995
London
son of Alois, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein and Princess Sophie, Duchess in Bavaria
not married

Maria José of Braganza[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Maria José of Braganza
1857–1943
Duchess Maria Josefa in Bavaria.jpg 19 March 1857
Wertheim am Main
daughter of Miguel I and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria
29 April 1874
5 children
11 March 1943
Munich
aged 85
Ludwig Wilhelm, Duke in Bavaria
1884–1968
Ludwig Wilhelm, Duke in Bavaria.jpg 17 January 1884
Schloss Tegernsee
son of Maria José of Braganza and Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria
Eleonore Anna Lucie of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg
19 March 1917
no children
5 November 1968
Wildbad Kreuth
aged 84
Elisabeth of Bavaria
1876–1965
ElisabethofBelgium.jpg 25 July 1876
Possenhofen Castle
daughter of Maria José of Braganza and Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria
Albert I of Belgium
2 October 1900
3 children
23 November 1965
Brussels
aged 89
Leopold III, King of the Belgians
1901–1983
Princess Astrid engaged in 1926.jpg 3 November 1901
Brussels
son of Elisabeth of Bavaria and Albert I of Belgium
Astrid of Sweden
4 November 1926
3 children

Lilian Baels
11 September 1941
3 children
25 September 1983
Woluwe-Saint-Lambert
aged 81
Baudouin, King of the Belgians
1930–1993
Baudouin of Belgium 1969.jpg 7 September 1930
Laeken
son of Leopold III of Belgium and Astrid of Sweden
Fabiola de Mora y Aragón
15 December 1960
no children
31 July 1993
Villa Astrida, Motril
aged 62
Albert II, King of the Belgians
1934–present
Albert II.jpg 6 June 1934
Laeken
son of Leopold III of Belgium and Astrid of Sweden
Paola Ruffo di Calabria
2 July 1959
3 children
Philippe, King of the Belgians
1960–present
Prince Philippe of Belgium, Duke of Brabant cropped.jpg 15 April 1960
Laeken
son of Albert II of Belgium and Paola Ruffo di Calabria
Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz
4 December 1999
4 children
Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant
2001–present
Great coat of arms of Belgium.svg 25 October 2001
Anderlecht
daughter of Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant and Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz
not married

Aldegundes de Jesus of Braganza[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Aldegundes de Jesus of Braganza
1858–1946
Infanta Adelgundes, Duchess of Guimarães.JPG 10 November 1858
Wertheim am Main
daughter of Miguel I and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Prince Henry, Count of Bardi
15 October 1876
no children
15 April 1946
Bern
aged 87

Maria Ana of Braganza[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Maria Ana of Braganza
1861–1942
MarieAnna.jpg 13 July 1861
Wertheim am Main
daughter of Miguel I and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
William IV of Luxembourg
21 June 1893
6 children
31 July 1942
New York City
aged 81
Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
1894–1924
Marieadel.jpg 14 June 1894
Berg Castle
daughter of Maria Ana of Braganza and William IV of Luxembourg
never married 24 January 1924
Hohenburg Castle
aged 29
Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
1896–1985
Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.jpg 23 January 1896
Berg Castle
daughter of Maria Ana of Braganza and William IV of Luxembourg
Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma
6 November 1919
6 children
9 July 1985
Schloss Fischbach
aged 89
Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1921–present
Grand Duke Jean 29.09.2006.jpg 5 January 1921
Berg Castle
son of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg and Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma
Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium
9 April 1953
5 children
Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1955–present
Henri of Luxembourg (2009).jpg 16 April 1955
Betzdorf Castle
son of Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium
Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista-Falla
7 November 1980
5 children
Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1981–present
Guillaume de Luxembourg.jpg 11 November 1981
Luxembourg
son of Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista-Falla
Countess Stéphanie of Lannoy
20 October 2012
no children

Maria Antónia of Braganza[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Maria Antónia of Braganza
1862–1959
2nd wife of Robert, Duke of Parma.JPG 28 November 1862
Wertheim am Main
daughter of Miguel I and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Robert I, Duke of Parma
15 October 1884
12 children
14 May 1959
Berg Castle
aged 96
Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma
1886–1934
Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma.jpg 1 August 1886
Canton of St. Gallen
son of Maria Antónia of Braganza and Robert I, Duke of Parma
Princess Hedwig de la Rochefoucauld
14 March 1919
1 child
14 March 1934
Paris
aged aged 47
(pre-succession death)
Xavier, Duke of Parma
1889–1977
25 May 1889
Camaiore
son of Maria Antónia of Braganza and Robert I, Duke of Parma
Madeleine de Bourbon
12 November 1927
6 children
7 May 1977
Zizers
aged aged 87
Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma
1930–2010
Coat of arms of the House of Bourbon-Parma.svg 8 April 1930
Paris
son of Xavier, Duke of Parma and Madeleine de Bourbon
Princess Irene of the Netherlands
29 April 1964
4 children
18 August 2010
Barcelona
aged aged 80
Carlos, Duke of Parma
1970–present
Coat of arms of the House of Bourbon-Parma.svg 27 January 1970
Nijmegen
son of Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma and Princess Irene of the Netherlands
Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel
28 August 2010
2 children
Princess Luisa Irene of Parma
2012–present
Coat of arms of the House of Bourbon-Parma.svg 9 May 2012
The Hague
daughter of Carlos, Duke of Parma and Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel
not married

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Miguel Biography
  2. ^ Paulo Jorge Fernandes et al. (2003), p.13
  3. ^ Neill Macaulay (1986), p.117
Sources

See also[edit]