Descendants of Philip V of Spain

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Philip V of Spain

The descendants of Philip V of Spain, Bourbon monarch of the Kingdom of Spain, Kingdom of Naples, and Kingdom of Sicily are numerous. He had two wives; by his first wife Maria Luisa of Savoy he had two children. After the death of his first wife Philip married Elisabeth of Parma and they had children. Philip's descendants have formed a major part of history around the globe; several becoming monarchs of Spain, Portugal and Sardinia.

His descendants also founded several cadet branches; the House of Bourbon-Parma in the Duchy of Parma and the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.[1] This article deals with the children of Philip V and in turn their senior descendants.

Background of Philip V of Spain[edit]

Philip was born at the Palace of Versailles[2] in France. His older brother, Louis de France, Duke of Burgundy, was in line to the throne right after his father, Le Grand Dauphin, thus leaving him and his younger brother, Charles de France, Duke of Berry little expectation to ever rule over France.

Claims to the Spanish throne[edit]

In the year 1700, the King of Spain, Charles II, died. Charles' will named the 16-year old Philip, the grandson of Charles' sister Maria Theresa of Spain, as his successor.[3] Upon any possible refusal the Crown of Spain would be offered next to Philip's younger brother Charles, Duke of Berry, or, next, to Archduke Charles of Austria.[3]

Philip and his family with his second wife, Queen Elizabeth Farnese

By genealogical right alone, the Spanish throne should have passed to Louis, Grand Dauphin, son of King Louis XIV of France and Maria Theresa of Spain, sister of Charles II and daughter of Philip IV of Spain. However, the Grand Dauphin was the heir apparent to the throne of France; the union of France and Spain would greatly upset the balance of power in Europe. Thus, Charles had settled on Philip, the second son of the Grand Dauphin (whose prospect of inheriting France was slim).

However, the Austrian branch claimed that Philip's grandmother had renounced the Spanish throne for her descendants as part of her marriage contract. This was countered by the French branch's claim that it was on the basis of a dowry that had never been paid.[4]

After a long council meeting where the Dauphin spoke up in favor of his son's rights, it was agreed that Philip would ascend the throne but would forever renounce his claim to the throne of France for himself and his descendants.[5] This, however, contradicted a fundamental principle of the French succession - the right of a legitimate male prince to succeed cannot be alienated. This conflict would manifest in the War of Spanish Succession. In the Treaty of Utrecht that ended the war, Philip finally agreed to renounce for himself and his descendants, his rights to the French throne only after the introduction of semi-Salic law in Spain.

War of Spanish Succession[edit]

However, the other powers of Europe contested the idea, eventually leading to the War of Spanish Succession (1701–1714). Although Philip was allowed to remain on the Spanish throne, Spain was forced to cede Minorca and Gibraltar to Great Britain; the Spanish Netherlands, Naples, Milan, and Sardinia to the Austrian Habsburgs; and Sicily and parts of the Milanese to Savoy.[6]

These losses greatly diminished the Spanish Empire in Europe, which had already been in decline. Throughout his reign, Philip sought to reverse the decline of Spanish power as Great Britain increasingly began to dominate at sea.

Philip's descendants[edit]

Legitimate issue by Maria Luisa of Savoy[edit]

1688 Louise.JPG

Louis I of Spain[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Louis I of Spain
1707–1724
Louis, King of Spain.jpg 25 August 1707
Madrid
son of Philip V of Spain and Maria Luisa of Savoy
Louise Elisabeth of Orléans
20 January 1722
No children
31 August 1724
Madrid
aged 17

Ferdinand VI of Spain[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ferdinand VI of Spain
1713–1759
Ferdinand VI 2.jpg 23 September 1713
Madrid
son of Philip V of Spain and Maria Luisa of Savoy
Barbara of Portugal
20 January 1729
No children
10 August 1759
Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid
aged 45

Legitimate issue by Elisabeth of Parma[edit]

Isabella of Parma, Philip's second wife

Charles III of Spain[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles III of Spain
1716–1788
Charles VI 20 January 1716
Madrid
son of Philip V and Elizabeth of Parma
Maria Amalia of Saxony
1738
13 children
14 December 1788
Madrid
aged 72
Charles IV of Spain
1788–1819
Charles IV of Spain.jpg 11 November 1748
Portici
son of Charles III of Spain and Maria Amalia of Saxony
Maria Luisa of Parma
10 October 1846
14 children
10 April 1904
Paris
aged 73
Ferdinand VII of Spain
1819–1833
Ferdinand VII of Spain (1814) by Goya.jpg 14 October 1784
El Escorial
son of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma
Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
4 October 1802
Barcelona
No children

Maria Isabel of Portugal
1816
1 child

Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony
20 October 1819
No children

Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
11 December 1829
Madrid
2 children
29 September 1833
Madrid
aged 48
Isabella II of Spain
1833–1904
IsabellaII.png 10 October 1830
Madrid
daughter of Ferdinand VII of Spain and Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
Francis of Spain
10 October 1846
12 children
10 April 1904
Paris
aged 73
Alfonso XII of Spain
1874–1885
King Alfonso XII.jpg 28 November 1857
Madrid
son of Isabella II of Spain and Francis, Duke of Cádiz
Mercedes of Orléans
23 January 1878
No children

Maria Christina of Austria
29 November 1879
3 children
25 November 1885
El Pardo
aged 27
Alfonso XIII of Spain
1904–1941
17 May 1886
Madrid
son of Alfonso XII of Spain and Maria Christina of Austria
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
31 May 1906
7 children
28 February 1941
Rome
aged 54
Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
1941–1975
Jaime Enrique de Borbón.jpg 23 June 1908
Segovia
son of Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Emmanuelle de Dampierre
4 March 1935
Rome
2 children
20 March 1975
St. Gallen
aged 67
Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz
1975–1989
20 April 1936
Rome
son of Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia and Emmanuelle de Dampierre
María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
8 March 1972
Royal Palace of El Pardo
2 children
30 January 1989
Beaver Creek
aged 53
Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou
1989–present
Louis de Bourbon.jpg 25 April 1974
Madrid
son of Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz and María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
Maria Margarita, Duchess of Anjou
5 November 2004
Caracas
3 children

Marianna Victoria of Spain[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Marianna Victoria of Spain
1718–1781
Mariana Vitória de Portugal.jpg 31 March 1718
Madrid
daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth Farnese
Joseph I of Portugal
19 January 1729
4 children
15 January 1781
Lisbon
aged 62
Maria I of Portugal
1781–1816
Rainha D. Maria I, séc. XVIII,.jpg 17 December 1734
Lisbon
daughter of Marianna Victoria of Spain and Joseph I of Portugal
Peter III of Portugal
6 June 1760
6 children
20 March 1816
Rio de Janeiro
aged 81
John VI of Portugal
1816–1826
Domingos Sequeira - D. João VI.jpg 13 May 1767
Lisbon
son of Maria I of Portugal and Peter III of Portugal
Charlotte of Spain
8 May 1785
7 children
10 March 1826
Lisbon
aged 58
Pedro IV of Portugal
1826–1834
DpedroI-brasil-full.jpg 12 October 1798
Lisbon
son of John VI of Portugal and Charlotte of Spain
Maria Leopoldina of Austria
1817
7 children

Amélie of Leuchtenberg
1829
1 child
24 September 1834
Lisbon
aged 35
Pedro II of Brazil
1834–1891
PedroII1850.JPG 2 December 1825
Rio de Janeiro
son of Pedro I of Brazil and Maria Leopoldina of Austria
Teresa of the Two Sicilies
17 September 1842
4 children
5 December 1891
Paris
aged 66
Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
1891–1921
Princesa Imperial D. Isabel do Brasil2.jpg 29 July 1846
Rio de Janeiro
daughter of Pedro II of Brazil and Teresa of the Two Sicilies
Prince Gaston, Count of Eu
15 October 1864
3 children
14 November 1921
Eu, Seine-Maritime
aged 75
Prince Pedro de Alcantara of Orléans-Braganza
1921–1940
Gaston d’Orléans, comte d’Eu01.jpg 28 April 1842
son of Prince Gaston, Count of Eu and Isabel of Brazil
Elisabeth Dobrzensky
14 November 1908
5 children
29 January 1940
aged 98
Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza
1940–2007
Eu pierre.jpg 19 February 1913
Eu, Seine-Maritime
son of Prince Pedro de Alcantara of Orléans-Braganza and Elisabeth Dobrzensky
Maria de la Esperanza of the Two Sicilies
18 December 1944
Seville
6 children
27 December 2007
Villamanrique de la Condesa
aged 94
Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza
2007–present
DOM PEDRO CARLOS DE ORLEANS E BRAGANÇA CHEFE DA CASA IMPERIAL DO BRASIL.jpg 31 October 1945
Rio de Janeiro
son of Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza and Maria de la Esperanza of the Two Sicilies
Rony Kuhn de Souza
2 September 1975
1 child

Patricia Alexandra Brascomb
16 July 1981
1 child

Philip, Duke of Parma[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Philip, Duke of Parma
1720–1765
Felipe de Parma.jpg 15 March 1720
Madrid
son of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth of Parma
Princess Louise Élisabeth of France
25 October 1739
3 children
18 July 1765
Alessandria
aged 45
Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
1765–1802
Ferdinando de Parma.jpg 20 January 1751
Parma
son of Philip, Duke of Parma and Princess Louise Élisabeth of France
Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria
19 July 1769
7 children
9 October 1802
Fontevivo
aged 51
Louis of Etruria
1802–1803
Louis Etrurien1.JPG 5 July 1773
Rome
son of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma and Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
Maria Luisa of Spain, Duchess of Lucca
25 August 1795
2 children
27 May 1803
Florence
aged 30
Charles II, Duke of Parma
1803–1883
Charles II, Duke of Parma.jpg 22 December 1799
Madrid
son of Louis of Etruria and Maria Luisa of Spain, Duchess of Lucca
Maria Teresa of Savoy
5 September 1820
2 children
16 April 1883
Nice
aged 84
Robert I, Duke of Parma
1883–1907
Robert I duke of parma.jpg 9 July 1848
Florence
son of Charles III, Duke of Parma and Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois
Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
1869
12 children
Maria Antonia of Portugal
1884
12 children
16 November 1907
Viareggio
aged 63
Henry, Duke of Parma
1907–1939
Henry, Duke of Parma titular.png 13 June 1873
Wartegg
son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
never married 16 November 1939
Pianore
aged 66
Joseph, Duke of Parma
1939–1950
Joseph, Duke of Parma titular.png 30 June 1875
Biarritz
son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
never married 7 January 1950
Pianore
aged 75
Elias, Duke of Parma
1950–1959
23 July 1880
Biarritz
son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
Maria Anna of Austria
25 May 1903
Vienna
8 children
27 June 1959
Friedberg
aged 79
Robert II, Duke of Parma
1959–1974
Robert II, Duke of Parma.jpg 7 August 1909
Weilburg
son of Elias, Duke of Parma and Maria Anna of Austria
never married 25 November 1974
Vienna
aged 65
Elisabetta of Bourbon-Parma
1974–1983
Armoiries Bourbon-Parme.svg 17 March 1904
Vienna
daughter of Elias, Duke of Parma and Maria Anna of Austria
never married 13 June 1983
Bad Ischl
aged 79
Alicia, Duchess of Calabria
1983–present
13 November 1917
Vienna
daughter of Elias, Duke of Parma and Maria Anna of Austria
Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
30 November 1901
3 children

Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain
1726–1746
María Teresa de España.jpg 11 June 1726
Madrid
daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth of Parma
Louis, Dauphin of France
23 February 1745
1 child
22 July 1746
Versalles
aged 20
Marie-Thérèse de France
1746–1748
19 July 1746
daughter of Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain and Louis, Dauphin of France
never married 27 April 1748
aged 2

Luis de Borbón y Farnesio, 13th Count of Chinchón[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Infante Luis, Count of Chinchón
1727–1785
Don Luis de Borbón, Infante of Spain (1727-1785) by Anton Raphael Mengs.jpg 25 July 1727
Seville
son of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth of Parma
María Teresa de Vallabriga y Rozas, Español y Drummond
4 children
7 August 1785
Vila de Arenas de San Pedro, Ávila
aged 56
Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga, 14th Count of Chinchón
1785–1823
CardinalLuisMaríaDeBorbón.jpg May 22, 1777
Cadalso de los Vidrios
son of Infante Luis, Count of Chinchón and María Teresa de Vallabriga y Rozas, Español y Drummond
never married March 19, 1823
Madrid
aged 45
María Teresa de Borbón, 15th Countess of Chinchón
1823–1828
1800 Goya Condesa de Chinchon.jpg 6 March 1779
Velada, Spain
daughter of Infante Luis, Count of Chinchón and María Teresa de Vallabriga y Rozas, Español y Drummond
Don Manuel de Godoy y Álvarez de Faria, 1st Duke of Sueca
1 child
23 November 1828
Paris, France
aged 49
Carlota de Godoy, 2nd Duchess of Sueca
1828–1886
Carlotagodoy.jpg 7 October 1800
Madrid, Spain
daughter of María Teresa de Borbón, 15th Countess of Chinchón and Don Manuel de Godoy, 1st Duke of Sueca
Camillo Ruspoli
2 children
13 May 1886
Paris, France
aged 85
Adolfo Ruspoli, 2nd Duke of Alcudia
1886–1914
December 28, 1822
Bordeaux, France
son of Carlota de Godoy, 2nd Duchess of Sueca and Camillo Ruspoli
Doña Rosalía Álvarez de Toledo y Silva-Bazán, de Palafox-Portocarrero y Téllez-Girón
5 children
February 4, 1914
Paris, France
aged 91
Carlos Ruspoli, 3rd Duke of Alcudia and Sueca
1914–1936
March 1, 1858
Madrid, Spain
son of Adolfo Ruspoli, 2nd Duke of Alcudia and Doña Rosalía Álvarez de Toledo
Doña María del Carmen Caro y Caro, Álvarez de Toledo y Gomurcio
3 children

Doña Josefa Pardo y Manuel de Villena
no children
November 10, 1936
Madrid, Spain
aged 78
Camilo Ruspoli, 4th Duke of Alcudia and Sueca
1936–1975
June 5, 1904
Madrid, Spain
son of Carlos Ruspoli, 3rd Duke of Alcudia and Sueca and Doña María del Carmen Caro y Caro
Doña María de Belén Morenés y Arteaga, 18th Countess of Bañares
3 children
November 20, 1975
Madrid, Spain
aged 71
Carlos Ruspoli, 5th Duke of Alcudia and Sueca
1975–
August 5, 1932
San Sebastián, Spain
son of Camilo Ruspoli, 4th Duke of Alcudia and Sueca and Doña María de Belén Morenés y Arteaga, 18th Countess of Bañares
Doña María del Rosario Herbosch y Huidobro, Lodie y Cavanilles
no children

Maria Antonietta of Spain[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Maria Antonietta of Spain
1729–1785
Maria antonia infanta spain sardinia 1729 1785.jpg 17 November 1729
Seville
daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth of Parma
Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia
12 children
19 September 1785
Moncalieri
aged 56
Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia
1785–1802
Charles Emmanuel IV 24 May 1751
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Bourbon
Marie Clotilde of France
1775
No children
6 October 1819
Rome
aged 68
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
1802–1821
Victor Emmanuel I 24 July 1759
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Bourbon
Maria Teresa of Austria-Este
21 April 1789
7 children
10 January 1824
Moncalieri
aged 65
Maria Beatrice of Savoy
1821–1840
Maria Beatrice Vittoria of Savoy.jpg 6 December 1792
daughter of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and Maria Teresa of Austria-Este
Francis IV, Duke of Modena
20 June 1812
4 children
15 September 1840
aged 48
Francis V, Duke of Modena
1840–1875
Francesco V d'austria este Duca Modena young.jpg 1 June 1819
Modena
son of Maria Beatrice of Savoy and Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria
30 March 1842
1 child
20 November 1875
Vienna
aged 56
Maria Theresia of Austria-Este
1875–1919
MariaTheresiaAustriaEste.jpg 2 July 1849
Brno
daughter of Ferdinand of Austria-Este and Elisabeth of Austria
Ludwig III of Bavaria
13 children
7 November 1918
Chiemgau
aged 69
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria
1919–1955
Rupprecht von Bayern.jpg 18 May 1869
Munich
son of Maria Theresia of Austria-Este and Ludwig III of Bavaria
Maria Gabrielle in Bavaria
10 July 1900
Munich
4 children

Princess Antonia of Luxembourg
7 April 1921
Lenggries
6 children
2 August 1955
Schloß Leutstetten
aged 86
Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
1955–1996
3 May 1905
Munich
son of Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria and Maria Gabrielle in Bavaria
Countess Maria Draskovich von Trakostjan
1930
4 children

Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich von Buzin
1971
No children
8 July 1996
Castle Berg
aged 91
Franz, Duke of Bavaria
1996–present
14 July 1933
Munich
son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria and Countess Maria Draskovich von Traskotjan
not married

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Felipe V, rey de España". GeneAll.net. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  2. ^ "The New International Encyclopædia", p.14. Published by Dodd, Mead and Company, 1903.
  3. ^ a b Kamen, Henry. "Philip V of Spain:: The King who Reigned Twice", p.6. Published by Yale University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-300-08718-7
  4. ^ Durant, Will. "The Age of Louis XIV", p.699. Simon and Schuster, New York 1963.
  5. ^ Kamen, Henry. "Philip V of Spain:: The King who Reigned Twice", p.158. Published by Yale University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-300-08718-7
  6. ^ Durant, Will. "The Age of Louis XIV", p.715. Simon and Schuster, New York 1963.