Descendants of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans

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Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans

Philippe de France, Duke of Orléans was the brother of Louis XIV of France and the younger son of Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria.

A member of the House of Bourbon, he is the founder of the current House of Orléans. His heirs formed a junior collateral branch of the royal dynasty. They include the second duke, who governed France during the minority of Louis XV in the Regency era; one French monarch, Louis Philippe I; and the Orléanist pretenders to the French throne still flourishing in the 21st century. The accumulation of the vast wealth which the House of Orléans would possess and use to influence both politics and court life (until it was confiscated during the French Revolution) began with Philippe, a lifelong beneficiary of his brother's largesse.

He was originally known by the title "Duke of Anjou". In 1660, his paternal uncle, Gaston, Duke of Orléans, died. The dukedom of Orléans was an appanage traditionally conferred upon the younger brother of the French king whenever available. Philippe exchanged Anjou for Orléans. As a son of a French king, Philippe ranked as a fils de France, and as the king's eldest brother, he was invariably referred to at court simply as Monsieur.

Issue by Henrietta 'Minette' of England[edit]

Henrietta Anne and Philippe : Relationship Background[edit]

Princess Henrietta-Anne of England Philippe's first wife

On 31 March 1661, he married his first cousin, Princess Henrietta of England, daughter of King Charles I of England, in the chapel of the Palais-Royal in Paris. Both were grandchildren of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. She was known at court as Madame, Henriette d'Angleterre (Henrietta of England) or affectionately as Minette.

Philippe and Henriette remained indifferent to one another.[1] and went on to seek comfort from others. Philippe openly paraded his mignons in front of his wife and the whole court. Among them were Armand de Gramont, Count of Guiche, known for his arrogance and good looks, the marquis de Châtillon, and his first lover Philip Julian Mancini.[1] Meanwhile, Henriette proved to be very popular at court as a pretty, good-natured princess, much to Philippe's annoyance.

She soon attracted the attention of the King. In order to hide this attraction from the King's mother and wife, Henriette and Louis invented the story that he was constantly in Henriette's company in order to be close to one of her ladies-in-waiting, Louise de La Vallière. In time, Louis indeed fell in love with Louise and made her his mistress.

Reluctantly, and somewhat bitterly, Henriette stepped aside. She is said to have eventually taken one of her husband's earlier conquests, Armand de Gramont as a lover.[1] This caused all sorts of arguments at the Palais Royal, where the Orléans lived. Despite this marital dissension, several children were born of their union. However, Henriette, known for her fragile and delicate health, had four miscarriages in the space of five years.[2] By the time of the birth of Anne Marie, the couple was notorious for the frequency of their quarrels at court and at home in the Palais-Royal.[1]

By the time of the birth of Anne Marie, the couple was notorious for the frequency of their quarrels at court and at home in the Palais-Royal.[1] After joining his brother Louis, the Queen, Mademoiselle, Madame de Montespan and Louise de La Vallière at a military campaign in northern France, the ducal couple returned to Saint-Cloud. It was there that the Duchess died at the age of twenty-six.

The death of the duchess on 30 June 1670 was popularly attributed to poison. The main suspects of this alleged crime were the Duke himself and the Chevalier de Lorraine. Although the duke may not have been involved, the enmity between Minette and the Chevalier de Lorraine was not a hidden truth. After an autopsy was performed, it was reported that Henrietta-Anne had died of peritonitis caused by an ulcer. During his marriage to Henriette-Anne, Philippe was heard to have said that he had loved her for fifteen days[citation needed].

Children[edit]

# Name of Descendant Portrait Birth Death Relations Marriages Issue
1 Marie Louise d'Orléans Marie Louise Orleans Spain.jpg March 26, 1662 February 12, 1689
Daughter of Philippe de France and Henrietta of England
Married to
Charles II of Spain
No Issue
2 Anne Marie d'Orléans Anne Marie d'Orléans as duchess of Savoy.jpg August 27, 1669 August 26, 1728
Daughter of Philippe de France and Henrietta of England
Married to
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
3 children, 2 daughters, 1 son

Grandchildren[edit]

# Name of Descendant Portrait Birth Death Relations Marriage Issue
1 Maria Adelaide of Savoy Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy.jpg December 6, 1685 February 12, 1712
Daughter of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Granddaughter of Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
Married to
Louis, Dauphin of France
1 child, 1 son
2 Maria Luisa Gabriella of Savoy 1688 Louise.JPG August 17, 1688 February 14, 1714
Daughter of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Granddaughter of Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
Married to
Philip V of Spain
2 Children, 2 sons
3 Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia Carlo Emanuele 3.jpg April 27, 1701 February 20, 1773
Son of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Grandson of Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
Married
(1) Anne Christine Louise of Bavaria
(2) Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg
(3) Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine
4 children, 2 sons, 2 daughters

Great-grandchildren[edit]

# Name of Descendant Portrait /Coat of Arms Birth Death Relations Marriages Issue
1 Louis XV of France Louis XV by Maurice-Quentin de La Tour.jpg 15 February 1710 10 May 1774
Son of Louis, duc de Bourgogne
and Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy
Grandson of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Great-Grandson of Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
Married
Marie Leszczyńska
7 Children, 6 daughters, 1 son
2 Louis I of Spain Louis, King of Spain.jpg August 25, 1707 August 31, 1724
Son of Maria Louisa of Savoy
and Philip V of Spain
Grandson of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Great-Grandson of Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
Married
Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans
No Issue
3 Ferdinand VI of Spain King Fernando VI.jpg September 23, 1713 August 10, 1759
Son of Maria Louisa of Savoy
and Philip V of Spain
Grandson of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Great-Grandson of Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
Married
Barbara of Portugal
No Issue
4 Victor Amadeus III of Savoy Vittorio Amedeo III di Savoia.jpg June 26, 1726 October 16, 1796
Son of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia
and Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg
Grandson of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Great-Grandson of Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
Married
Maria Antonietta of Spain
9 children, 5 sons, 4 daughters
5 Eleonora Maria Teresa of Savoy 1728 1781
Daughter of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia
and Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg
Granddaughter of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Great-Granddaughter of Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
unmarried
No issue
6 Maria Luisa Gabriella of Savoy Lesser coat of arms of the Kingdom of Italy (1890).svg 1729 1767
Daughter of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia
and Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg
Granddaughter of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Great-Granddaughter of 'Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
unmarried,
a nun
No issue
7 Maria Felicita Princess Maria Felicita of Savoy.jpg 1730 1801
Daughter of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia
and Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg
Granddaughter of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Great-Granddaughter of Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
unmarried
No issue
8 Benedetto Maria Maurizio of Savoy
(Duke of Chablais
and Marchese of Ivrea)
Lesser coat of arms of the Kingdom of Italy (1890).svg 1741 1808
Son of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia
and Elisabeth Teresa of Lorraine
Grandson of Anne Marie d'Orléans
and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Great-Grandson of Philippe de France
and Henrietta of England
Married
his niece Maria Ana
No issue

Further Descent[edit]

# Name of Descendant Portrait Birth Death Relations Marriages Issue
1 Louise Élisabeth, Duchess of Parma Isabella Louise Elisabeth de Parma.jpg August 14, 1727 December 6, 1759
Daughter of Louis XV of France
and Maria Leszczyńska
Married to
Philip, Duke of Parma
3 children, 2 daughters, 1 son
2 Isabella of Parma Jean-Marc Nattier 005.jpg 31 December 1741 November 27, 1763
Daughter of Louise Élisabeth, Duchess of Parma
and Philip, Duke of Parma
Married to
Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
1 child, 1 daughter
3 Maria Theresia Maria Theresia Daughter of Isabella de Parma.jpg March 20, 1762 January 23, 1770
Daughter of Isabella of Parma and
Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
Unmarried
No Issue
4 Ferdinand, Duke of Parma Ferdinando de Parma.jpg January 20, 1751 October 9, 1802
Son of Louise Élisabeth, Duchess of Parma
and Philip, Duke of Parma
Married
Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
4 children, 1 son, 3 daughters
5 Princess Caroline of Parma Armoiries Bourbon-Parme.svg November 22, 1770 March 1, 1804
Daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
and Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria.
Married
Prince Maximilian of Saxony
7 children, 3 sons, 4 daughters
6 Louis of Etruria Louis Etrurien1.JPG 5 July 1773 27 May 1803
Son of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
and Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria.
Married
Maria Louisa, Duchess of Lucca
2 children, 1 son, 1 daughter
7 Maria Antonia Armoiries Bourbon-Parme.svg 28 November 1774 20 February 1841
Daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
and Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria.
Unmarried,
a nun
No Issue
8 Charlotte of Parma Armoiries Bourbon-Parme.svg September 7, 1777 1812
Daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
and Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria.
Unmarried,
a nun
No Issue
9 Maria Luisa of Parma Maria Luisa de Parma1.jpg December 9, 1751 January 2, 1819
Daughter of Louise Élisabeth, Duchess of Parma
and Philip, Duke of Parma
Married to
Charles IV of Spain
7 children, 3 sons, 4 daughters
10 Carlota Joaquina of Spain Carlota Joaquina.jpg 25 April 1775 7 January 1830
Daughter of Maria Luisa of Parma
and Charles IV of Spain
Married to
John VI of Portugal
8 children, 2 sons, 6 daughters
11 Maria Amalia Coat of Arms of Spanish Infantas (1700-1931), Ornaments as single women.svg January 9, 1779 July 22, 1798
Daughter of Maria Luisa of Parma
and Charles IV of Spain
Unmarried
No Issue
12 Maria Louisa QueenofEtruria.jpg July 6, 1782 March 13, 1824
Daughter of Maria Luisa of Parma
and Charles IV of Spain
Married to
Louis of Etruria
2 children, 1 son, 1 daughter
13 Ferdinand VII of Spain Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 070.jpg October 14, 1784 September 29, 1833
Son of Maria Luisa of Parma
and Charles IV of Spain
Married
(1) Maria Antonia of Naples
(2) Maria Isabel of Portugal
(3) Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony
(4) Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
2 children, 2 daughters
14 Charles, Count of Molina Carlos Maria Isidro.jpg March 29, 1788 March 10, 1855
Son of Maria Luisa of Parma
and Charles IV of Spain
Married
(1) Maria Francisca of Portugal
(2) Teresa, Princess of Beira
2 children, 2 sons
15 Maria Isabella of Spain Infantaisabella.jpg June 6, 1789 September 13, 1848
Daughter of Maria Luisa of Parma
and Charles IV of Spain
Married to
Francis I of the Two Sicilies
12 children, 6 sons, 6 daughters
16 Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain Francisco de Paula de Borbón.jpg 10 March 1794 13 August 1865
Son of Maria Luisa of Parma
and Charles IV of Spain
Married
Princess Luisa Carlotta of the Two Sicilies
8 children, 4 sons, 4 daughters

Issue by Elizabeth 'Liselotte' Charlotte[edit]

Elizabeth Charlotte and Philippe : Relationship Background[edit]

Liselotte in later years

Philippe's confidante, Anna Gonzaga, Princess Palatine, arranged his second marriage to her husband's niece, Elisabeth Charlotte, the nineteen-year-old daughter of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine. Upon her arrival in France, "Liselotte" converted to Roman Catholicism, before the marriage ceremony.

The couple was married by proxy, in the cathedral Saint-Étienne at Metz, on 16 November 1671. The maréchal du Plessis-Praslin represented the Duke of Orléans. Philippe and Liselotte first met on the road between the towns of Châlons and Bellay.[3]

Whereas Philippe's first wife had been known for beauty, charm and wit, Liselotte lacked those graces. Some said that this lack explained why she fared better with her husband (who personally took charge of her toilette for public occasions[clarification needed]) than did his first wife. She bore him his only surviving son.

Liselotte also became known for her brusque candor, upright character, lack of vanity, and prolific foreign correspondence about the daily routine and frequent scandals of Versailles. Her letters record how willingly she gave up sharing Philippe's bed at his request after their children's births, and how unwillingly she endured the presence of his minions in their household, which caused the couple to quarrel.

But she frequently acknowledged that Philippe's treatment of her was less offensive than the impertinences his entourage indulged in at her expense, and the lack of protection he afforded her and their children against the hostile intrigues she believed were directed at her by spiteful courtiers, especially Madame de Maintenon.

Children[edit]

# Name of Descendant Portrait Birth Death Relations Marriages Issue
1 Philippe II, Duke of Orléans Philippe d'Orleans, regent, et Marie Madeleine de la Vieuville, Comtesse de Parabere (Jean-Baptiste Santerre).jpg August 2, 1674 December 2, 1723
Son of Philippe d'Orléans and Elizabeth Charlotte of Bavaria
Married to
Françoise-Marie de Bourbon
7 children: 1 son, 6 daughters
2 Élisabeth Charlotte, Princess of Commercy Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, Mademoiselle de Chartres, Duchess of Lorraine in circa 1700 by Gobert.jpg September 13, 1676 December 23, 1744
Daughter of Philippe d'Orléans and Elizabeth Charlotte of Bavaria
Married to
Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
5 children: 3 sons, 2 daughters

Grandchildren[edit]

# Name of Descendant Portrait Birth Death Relations Marriages Issue
1 Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans Françoise Marie de Bourbon by Pierre Gobert.jpg August 20, 1695 July 21, 1719
Daughter of Philippe d'Orléans and Françoise-Marie de Bourbon
Married to
Charles de France, duc de Berry
No issue
2 Louise Adélaïde, Abbess of Chelles Painting of Louise Adélaïde d’Orléans by Gobert; Abbesse de Chelles.jpg August 13, 1698 February 10, 1743
Daughter of Philippe d'Orléans and Françoise-Marie de Bourbon
Unmarried, a nun
No Issue

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Barker, Nancy Nichols, Brother to the Sun king: Philippe, Duke of Orléans, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.
  2. ^ Royal Genealogy, Information on Stuart, Henrietta Anne
  3. ^ Arvède Barine, "Madame, Mère du Régent", in: Revue des deux mondes, LXXVIIe Année, Cinquième période, Tome Quarantième, Paris, 1907, p. 814.