Desenzano del Garda
|Desenzano del Garda|
|Città di Desenzano del Garda|
|Frazioni||Rivoltella, Vaccarolo, San Martino della Battaglia|
|• Mayor||Rosa Leso (PD)|
|• Total||60.10 km2 (23.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||96 m (315 ft)|
|Population (30 April 2009)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Desenzano del Garda is a town and comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy, Italy, which borders Lake Garda. It also borders the communes of Castiglione delle Stiviere, Lonato, Padenghe sul Garda and Sirmione.
In the 1st century BC the area around Lake Garda, including what is now Desenzano del Garda, became a favourite resort for rich families from Verona, then the main Roman city in north-eastern Italy. On the 24th of June, 1859, four divisions of Sardinian infantry fought a gruesome battle with elements of the Austrian VIII Corps, under Feldzeugmeister Ludwig Ritter von Benedek, in an engagement encompassing San Martino (as Desenzano del Garda was then known), Pozzolengo, and Madonna della Scoptera. This action was part of the larger battle around Solferino, during the Second Italian War of Independence, a vital step in gaining a foothold on Italian unification - a unification that was gained only eleven years later.
- The Cathedral of St Mary Magdalene
- The House of St Angela Merici
- The Tower of St Martin (Torre di San Martino)
- An archaeological museum (Museo Civico Archeologico)
- Several old-style villas (Villa Romana) and a castle
The city is a popular holiday destination in Southern Europe. It attracts myriad tourists from the immediate area owing to its beautiful view of the Alps from the southern shore of Lake Garda, its three large beaches (Desanzanino Beach, Spiagga d'Oro, and Porto Rivoltella Beach) and its 27 major hotels. Desenzano is the heart of nightlife on the southern shore of Lake Garda, with several discos and pubs. In the summer its main squares, Piazza Malvezzi and Piazza Matteotti, are crowded all night with young and partying people.
At the heart of the city is a series of interconnected piazze that house numerous open-air cafés, various shops, gelaterie (ice-cream parlours) and bars.
The city has a main port near the Piazza Giacomo Matteotti, from where several ferries operate. On the south-western outskirts of the city is a large railway station, the Desenzano del Garda-Sirmione railway station (Stazione Ferroviaria), which connects the city to the European railway system. Desenzano also has its own exit from the A4 motorway, the main road between Milan and Venice.
World heritage site
- UNESCO World Heritage Site - Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps
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