Desert Hot Springs, California
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2011)|
|City of Desert Hot Springs|
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
|Incorporated||September 25, 1963|
|• Mayor||Adam Sanchez|
|• Total||23.642 sq mi (61.233 km2)|
|• Land||23.615 sq mi (61.164 km2)|
|• Water||0.027 sq mi (0.069 km2) 0.11%|
|Elevation||1,076 ft (328 m)|
|• Density||1,100/sq mi (420/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1656484, 2410328|
Desert Hot Springs, also known as DHS, is a city in Riverside County, California, United States. The city is located within the Coachella Valley geographic region, sometimes referred to as the Desert Empire. The population was 25,938 at the 2010 census, up from 16,582 at the 2000 United States Census. The city has undergone rapid development and high population growth since the 1970s, when there were 2,700 residents.
According to founder of the city and writer Cabot Yerxa in his newspaper columns published in The Desert Sentinel newspaper, the first homesteader in the area of the city of Desert Hot Springs was Hilda Maude Gray, who staked her claim in 1908. In 1913 Cabot Yerxa arrived and soon discovered hot water on Miracle Hill. Due to the San Andreas Fault bisecting the area, one side has cold water, the other has hot. His large Pueblo Revival Style architecture structure, hand built over 20 years, is now one of the oldest adobe-style buildings in Riverside County, and houses Cabot's Pueblo Museum, designated a state historical site after his death in 1965. Cabot's Trading Post & Gallery opened in February 2008.
The town was founded by L. W. Coffee on July 12, 1941. The original town site was centered at the intersection of Palm Drive and Pierson Boulevard and was only one square mile. Coffee chose the name Desert Hot Springs because of the area's natural hot springs.
Realtors arrived to speculate, and thousands of lots and streets were laid out over a six square mile area. Some homes were bought by retirees and the area incorporated as a city in 1963, with 1,000 residents.
Desert Hot Springs experienced periods of significant growth in the 1980s and 1990s, when most of the vacant lots were filled with new houses and duplex apartments. The city's population doubled in the 1980s and increased by 5,000 in the 2000 census.
In 1993, a 3-star hotel, Mirage Springs Hotel Resort opened in DHS. Despite good reviews and providing much needed financial revenue to DHS, Mirage Springs closed its doors in 1998. The business reopened as the Miracle Springs Resort and Spa.
On the Internet, news of the city is provided by Desert Vortex News with investigative reports covering local city government, with additional reports covering the Coachella Valley. Another news website, Desert Local News also provides news of the city. A local newspaper Desert Star Weekly is published in the city.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.6 square miles (61 km2), of which 99.89% of it is land and 0.11% is water.
Desert Hot Springs has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) similar to the rest of the Coachella Valley, with under six inches of precipitation per year. Summers are very hot with days frequently exceeding 107 °F (42 °C) in July and August while night-time lows tend to stay between 78–90 °F (26–32 °C). The winters are mild with days typically seeing temperatures between 68–82 °F (20–28 °C) and corresponding night-time lows between 50–65 °F (10–18 °C). Heat waves during the summer months involving temperatures going over 110 °F (43 °C) are not unusual.
|Climate data for Palm Springs Int'l Airport (1981–2010 normals)|
|Record high °F (°C)||95
|Average high °F (°C)||65.0
|Average low °F (°C)||35.0
|Record low °F (°C)||19
|Precipitation inches (mm)||1.15
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||3.1||3.2||1.6||0.6||0.2||0||0.6||0.9||0.8||0.7||0.8||1.9||14.4|
|Source: NOAA |
The city has two separate aquifers separated by the Mission Creek Fault (a branch of the San Andreas Fault). One aquifer has several natural hot springs in the Desert Hot Springs Sub-Basin and they support the area's spas and resorts. The second, on the opposite side of the fault, is a cold aquifer of the Mission Springs Sub-Basin. This aquifer provides fresh water to the city and has received awards for exceptional taste.
The 2010 United States Census[note 1] reported that Desert Hot Springs had a population of 25,938. The population density was 1,097.1 people per square mile (423.6/km²). The racial makeup of Desert Hot Springs was 15,053 (58.0%) White (34.4% Non-Hispanic White), 2,133 (8.2%) African American, 357 (1.4%) Native American, 675 (2.6%) Asian, 84 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 6,343 (24.5%) from other races, and 1,293 (5.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,646 persons (52.6%).
The Census reported that 25,820 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 118 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 8,650 households, out of which 3,713 (42.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,468 (40.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,603 (18.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 711 (8.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 843 (9.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 206 (2.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,071 households (23.9%) were made up of individuals and 691 (8.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98. There were 5,782 families (66.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.59.
The population was spread out with 8,064 people (31.1%) under the age of 18, 2,712 people (10.5%) aged 18 to 24, 6,893 people (26.6%) aged 25 to 44, 5,781 people (22.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,488 people (9.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.0 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.
There were 10,902 housing units at an average density of 461.1 per square mile (178.0/km²), of which 4,166 (48.2%) were owner-occupied, and 4,484 (51.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 8.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 16.6%. 11,533 people (44.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 14,287 people (55.1%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Desert Hot Springs had a median household income of $32,883, with 28.6% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 16,582 people, 5,859 households, and 3,755 families residing in the city. The population density was 713.2 people per square mile (275.4/km²). There were 7,034 housing units at an average density of 302.5 per square mile (116.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.2% white, 6.1% black or African American, 1.4% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 16.4% from other races, and 5.8% multiracial. 40.4% of the population was Hispanic or Latino.
There were 5,859 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.8 and the average family size was 3.5.
In Desert Hot Springs the age of the population was spread out with 33.3% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males. Desert Hot Springs has a reputation as an active adult community, where many retirees choose to live.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,987, and the median income for a family was $29,126. Males had a median income of $27,873 versus $21,935 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,954. About 22.4% of families and 27.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.1% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over, one of the highest for cities over 10,000 in southern California.
Desert Hot Springs has a diverse population for a city its size. Several racial or ethnic groups live there, with the largest group of Mexican and Central American ancestry. Ethnic areas such as the Korean American section of 8th Street and Cholla Drive, thousands of American Jews made the city their home, and according to the Desert Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the city's population is over 10 percent African-American or Black. The city has a high proportion of Native Americans, most of whom are members of the Cahuilla tribe in proximity to the Agua Caliente Cahuilla tribal board in Palm Springs (see also Mission Creek Indian Reservation).
In the California State Legislature, Desert Hot Springs is in the 23rd State Senate District, represented by Republican Senator Mike Morrell, and in the 56th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Eduardo Garcia.
In the United States House of Representatives, Desert Hot Springs is in California's 36th congressional district, represented by Democrat Raul Ruiz. The 36th District covers covers most of the desert communities of Palm Springs, Palm Desert, Indio, Coachella, Rancho Mirage, Desert Hot Springs, Indian Wells, and Cathedral City in the Inland Empire.
Desert Hot Springs is represented at the County level by Riverside County Supervisor 4th District John Benoit.
The city is a city manager form of government.
Desert Hot Springs is served by Mayor Adam Sanchez, Sr., Mayor Pro. Tem. Russell Betts, and Council Members Scott Matas, Jan Pye, and Joe McKee. Council members serve for four year terms. The Mayor serves for a two year term and is directly elected. Martín Magaña was hired as city manager in May 2014.
Desert Hot Springs outlying areas include non-county areas of Desert Hot Springs and nearby communities of Sky Valley and North Palm Springs.
In two separate municipal ballot measures, Desert Hot Springs residents approved a utility users tax and a public safety tax by majorities of over 75 percent. Both measures provide added funding to the police department and other public safety services.
As of November 2013, the continued existence of a city police department is questionable as the city faces looming budget deficits and lack of financial reserves. Instead, the City is considering contracting with the Riverside County Sheriffs Department to manage its police department as a means to increase the number of officers on patrol and as a cost saving measure.
In 2001 the town filed for a Chapter 9 municipal bankruptcy. The bankruptcy was resolved in 2004 by selling municipal bonds when it faced a legal judgment[note 2] of almost $6 million.
Boutique hotels and spas
Desert Hot Springs is home to a number of hot mineral water spas. During the 1950s and 1960s the town had over 80 spa hotels, often called "spa-tels." From the late 1990s to the present a number of these boutique hotels have been renovated and revived. With their mid-century modern architecture they appeal to those wanting a unique hotel / spa experience.
Originally, there were 43 small spas (6 to 10 guest rooms) in the city. Some were located atop the center of the hot water aquifer on Miracle Hill, where Cabot Yerxa, one of the early settlers lived. His house is now a museum. Across the street is Miracle Manor Retreat, one of the first spas built (1949) in the town. It was built by the Martin Family who eventually sold it in 1981 to a local legend, Lois Blackhill. Upon her death in 1996, her family sold it in 1997, to two longtime regulars and close friends of Lois', trans-media designer April Greiman and architect-educator Michael Rotondi. It was restored to its original state, with improvements and renamed Miracle Manor Retreat. They are credited with pioneering the 'boutique spa' movement in the city. Desert Hot Springs is the home of the Desert Hot Springs Motel, designed by architect John Lautner. The motel was purchased and restored in 2000 by Steven Lowe.
In 2006 the architectural firm of Marmol Radziner + Associates designed a sustainable, modernist prefab home featured in the November 2006 issue of Dwell magazine. The home served as a prototype for the firm's efforts to develop a series of prefab homes.
Museums: Cabot's Pueblo Museum
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Desert Hot Springs city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- The city issued $12.78 million in 40-year bonds to pay a $10.85 million debt. Of that amount, $8.85 million paid to Silver Sage Partners, Ltd., which had successfully sued the city for discrimination under the Federal Fair Housing Act and $2 million was paid to other creditors. The remainder was put into the general fund or used for other purposes.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Council". City of Desert Hot Springs. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- "Desert Hot Springs". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- The Life and Times of Pioneer Hilda M Gray, http://hildamgray.com
- Desert Hot Springs Historical Society, http://www.dhshistoricalsociety.com/desert_hot_springs_history.htm
- Desert Vortex, http://www.desertvortex.com
- Desert Local News, http://www.desertlocalnews.com
- "PALM SPRINGS, CALIFORNIA NCDC 1981–2010 Monthly Normals". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Mission Springs Water District: hot water maps
- Mission Springs Water District: sub-basins map
- Berkeley Springs International Water Tasting Awards
- City of Desert Hot Springs - Water
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0618996.html. Missing or empty
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- "California's 36th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- Nyczepir, Dave (May 7, 2014). "Desert Hot Springs picks Martín Magaña as city manager". The Desert Sun (Gannett).
- "Brown Signs Bill to Limit California’s Municipal Bankruptcies", Business Week, October 10, 2011 Accessed October 18, 2011
- Caldwell, Dave. "Havens | Desert Hot Springs, Calif.; Near Palm Springs, A Little City Thinks Big", New York Times", March 31, 2006
- Maeda, Toshi (October 27, 2004), "With Chapter 9 status over today, Desert Hot Springs pins hope on growth", The Desert Sun: A–1(subscription required)
- Marois, Michael B. and William Selway. "California City Moves Closer to Bankruptcy Filing (Update3)", Bloomberg, February 27, 2008
- The Player at the TCM Movie Database
- Howser, Huell (September 25, 2002). "Desert Hot Springs Hotel – Palm Springs (0016)". California's Gold. Chapman University Huell Howser Archives. OCLC 47724820.
- The John Lautner Foundation, http://web.archive.org/web/20030413175310/http://www.johnlautner.org/Deserthotsprings.html
- Anderton, Frances (November 2006). "Desert Utopia". Dwell. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
- Coffee, L. W. (1948 (republished 2008)). Desert Hot Springs: Why?. Desert Hot Springs: Cabot's Museum Foundation. Check date values in:
- Brown, Richard E. (editor); Yerxa, Cabot Abram (2011), On the Desert Since 1913, Desert Hot Springs: Cabot's Museum Foundation, ISBN 978-0-615-45570-9, OCLC 810254220 – a partial compilation of Yerxa's commentaries and articles published in the Desert Hot Springs Desert Sentinel from 1951 to 1957
- Effinger, Bill (2011). The Vortex Made Me Do It! : The Mystery and History of Desert Hot Springs. San Marcos, CA: New Century Publishing. p. 486. ISBN 978-0615470207.
- Hunt, John J. (2006). The Waters of Comfort (The History of Desert Hot Springs California). Little Morongo Press. p. 275. ASIN B000W6EMS8. OCLC 52917018.
- Minckler, Karen; Schroeder, Bethany; Eyraud, Cole (1986). The Legend of Cabot Yerxa. Desert Hot Springs: Cabot's Museum Foundation. OCLC 272397224.
- Official website
- Desert Hot Springs Historical Society
- Desert Hot Springs, California travel guide from Wikivoyage
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