Desert sparrow

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This article is about the Old World bird. For the North American bird, see Black-throated sparrow.
Desert sparrow
Passer simplex Museum de Genève (2).JPG
A male museum specimen
Conservation status
Not recognized (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Infraorder: Passerida
Superfamily: Passeroidea
Family: Passeridae
Genus: Passer
Species: P. simplex
Binomial name
Passer simplex
(Lichtenstein, 1823)
PasserSimplex.svg
The three subspecies of desert sparrow

The desert sparrow (Passer simplex) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae, found in the Sahara Desert, Central Asia, and Iran.

Two subspecies occur in some of driest parts of the Sahara Desert in northern Africa, and a distinct subspecies occurs in areas of Iran, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The Asian subspecies may be a separate species, and is called the Asian desert sparrow or Zarudny's sparrow (Passer simplex zarudnyi). According to Guy Kirwan and colleagues, the Asian birds are separate under any definitions of species except the biological species concept.[1] BirdLife International, and therefore the IUCN Red List, recognise both species.[2][3]

The desert sparrow is not afraid to come near humans and sometimes builds nests in muddy walls. The Mozabite Berbers build their homes with holes in the walls to welcome these birds, which they call "bar-rode", and if one sings all day in the house, they say this is a sign of good news. The Tuareg, who call the bird "moula-moula", also say that this bird brings good news when it comes to stay near the camp.[4]

This bird is becoming scarcer as a result of habitat destruction. The IUCN Red List nonetheless classifies both species it recognises as being of least concern for conservation,[2][3] as it did before the split was recognised.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirwan, Guy M.; Schweitzer, Manuel; Ayé, Raffael; Grieve, Andrew (2009). "Taxonomy, identification and status of Desert Sparrows". Dutch Birding 31: 139–158. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. 
  2. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Passer zarudnyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Passer simplex". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "The Desert Sparrow". The Emberiza Fund. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  5. ^ BirdLife International (2009). "Passer simplex". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 

External links[edit]