Desfina

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Desfina
Δεσφίνα
Desfina
Desfina
Location
Desfina is located in Greece
Desfina
Desfina
Coordinates 38°25′N 22°32′E / 38.417°N 22.533°E / 38.417; 22.533Coordinates: 38°25′N 22°32′E / 38.417°N 22.533°E / 38.417; 22.533
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Central Greece
Regional unit: Phocis
Municipality: Delphi
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipal unit
 - Population: 1,988
 - Area: 315.2 km2 (122 sq mi)
 - Density: 6 /km2 (16 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 680 m (2,231 ft)
Postal code: 330 50
Telephone: 22650
Auto: ΑΜ
Website
www.desfina.gr

Desfina (Greek: Δεσφίνα) is a town and a former municipality in the southern part of Phocis, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Delphi, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] At the 2011 census, its population was 1,988.[1] It is situated on a plateau at 680m elevation, 5 km from the Corinthian Gulf. It is 7 km southeast of Delphi, 9 km east of Itea and 30 km west of Livadeia.

History[edit]

Ruins near Desfina have been identified as those of the ancient towns Echedameia (Ancient Greek: Ἐχεδάμεια) and Medeon (Μεδεών).[3] Both towns were destroyed by King Philip II of Macedon around 355-346 BC during the Third Sacred War and were never rebuilt.[4][5]

One of the most important rebels of the Greek revolution, Bishop Isaias of Salona, fought for the liberation of Desfina until his execution by the Turks on 22 April 1821 and encouraged Athanasios Diakos for the battle of Alamana. Also, Isaias gave the signal for the beginning of revolution of Central Greece at the region of Prophet Daniel. His residence is found in Desfina and has been converted to a museum. In Desfina there is the Monastery of Honest Precursor which was distinguished at the revolution on 1821 as well as the very important Byzantine monument, the temple of Brigadiers near to the church of Saint Haralampos that dates to the 12th century.

Economy[edit]

A large employer in the area of Desfina is Aluminium of Greece, which has a production facility at nearby Distomo. Before, the locals were mainly sustained by animal breeding. The most important traditional products in the region are bakery products, olives and oil, grapes and wine, meat, cheese products and honey.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Desfina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 52
(11)
52.2
(11.2)
57.42
(14.12)
67.1
(19.50)
76.86
(24.92)
82.45
(28.03)
84.81
(29.34)
84.92
(29.40)
75.42
(24.12)
67.73
(19.85)
58.41
(14.67)
53.28
(11.82)
67.717
(19.831)
Average low °F (°C) 40.5
(4.7)
39.78
(4.32)
41.52
(5.29)
51.39
(10.77)
57.13
(13.96)
62.08
(16.71)
64.6
(18.11)
66.72
(19.29)
66.61
(19.23)
55.04
(12.80)
48.25
(9.03)
41.7
(5.39)
52.943
(11.633)
Avg. rainy days 8.3 7.8 7.7 6.9 5.0 1.6 0.9 1.3 2.5 5.2 8.1 9.6 64.9
[citation needed]

Customs, traditions and feasts[edit]

The Christmas and the Easter are celebrated with particular way mainly in villages and small town. Desfina is a town where the customs, the traditions and the feasts are still kept to a large extent.[citation needed] The most important festivities take place in August. The most important event is the feast of the Dormition of the Virgin Mary, which is celebrated on 15 August.

Landmarks[edit]

View of the church of Agios Charalambos.
The church of Koimisi tis Theotokou.

There are several historical monuments and temples in Desfina as well as the central square which dates back to the 19th century. The square of Desfina is encircled by traditional cafes and taverns which offer a view of Mount Parnassos.

  • New Abbey of Honest Precursor
  • Old Abbey of Honest Precursor
  • Temple of the Taxiarches
  • Temple of Brigadiers Metropolitan Temple of Virgin Mary
  • Temple of Saint Charalampos
  • Temple of Saint Dimitrios
  • Temple of the Holy Unmercenaries
  • Residence of Bishop Isaias
  • Residence of Spyros Papaloukas

Population[edit]

Permanent Real Permanent Real
Census 2001 2001 1991 1991
Municipality population 2.115 2.431 1.955 2.389
Town population 1.831 2.024 1.772 2.080
Municipality population Town population
Permanent Population Census 2001 Census 2001
Male 1.090 905
Female 1.025 926
Total 2.115 1.831

Events and organizations[edit]

The Cultural Association of Desfina I Proodos ("The Progress") was founded on 6 July 1979 and today numbers 200 members. The aim of the cultural association is the intellectual growth and moral culture, the promotion of spirit of culture and humanitarian bond between the members as well as contribution in the configuration of environment. The choir of Desfina, founded in 1999, consists of an adult's and a children's section.

There are two football clubs in Desfina: Isaias Desfina, founded in 1973, and Doxa Desfina, founded in 1986.

Settlements[edit]

The municipal unit of Desfina consists of the following settlements:

Notable people[edit]

Mayors of Desfina[edit]

Period Majors
1987–1990 Efstathios G. Mantzoros
1991–1994 Efstathios G. Mantzoros
1995–1998 Achilleas I. Makris
1999–2002 Efstathios G. Mantzoros
2003–2006 Panagiota A. Kampafli
2007–2010 Efstathios G. Mantzoros

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ Phocis at the Wayback Machine (archived June 7, 2009)
  4. ^  Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Echedameia". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. 
  5. ^  Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Medeon". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. 

External links[edit]