Desmond Anderson

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For the English cricketer, see Desmond Anderson (cricketer).
Desmond Francis Anderson
Born (1885-07-05)5 July 1885
Died 29 January 1967(1967-01-29) (aged 81)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held 1st Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment (1927–31)
45th Infantry Division (1940)
46th Division(1940)
III Corps (1940–43)
II Corps (1943–44)
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches (4)
Légion d'honneur (France)
Order of Saint Stanislaus (Russia)
Other work Colonel, The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (1940–48)
Trustee of the Imperial War Museum (1945–56)

Lieutenant General Sir Desmond Francis Anderson KBECBCMGDSO (5 July 1885 – 29 January 1967) was a British Army officer in both the First World War and Second World War.

First World War[edit]

Having been commissioned into the Devonshire Regiment in 1905 Anderson transferred to the East Yorkshire Regiment in 1910.[1] He served as Adjutant of his regiment from 1912 and then he went with the regiment to France in 1914, where he served until July 1917 in a number of combat and staff roles during which time he was wounded and received the Distinguished Service Order in 1915. He was mentioned in despatches four times and in 1920 received the French Legion d'honneur for his wartime service.[2]

Between the wars[edit]

After attending staff college, he was appointed Commanding Officer of 1st Bn East Yorkshire Regiment in 1927, Assistant Quartermaster General at Aldershot Command in 1932 and General Staff Officer Grade 1 at 5th Division in 1933.[1] He went on to be Deputy Director of Military Operations & Intelligence at the War Office in 1934, Deputy Director of Military Intelligence at the War Office in 1936 and Major-General in charge of Administration for Eastern Command in 1938.[1]

Second World War[edit]

At the start of the war Anderson was major general on the General Staff for the Home Forces.[1] He became General Officer Commanding 45th Infantry Division in 1940 and then after a few months as Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff at the War Office he became General Officer Commanding 46th Division.[1]

He was promoted to command III Corps in December 1940.[1] During 1942 he went to Baghdad where III Corps were part of Persia and Iraq Command's Tenth Army. In 1943 he transferred to command II Corps and he retired from the army in 1944.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  2. ^ Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "World War II unit histories and officers". Retrieved 2007-07-29. 

Sources[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
James Marshall-Cornwall
GOC, III Corps
1940–1943
Succeeded by
Ronald Scobie
Preceded by
Herbert Lumsden
GOC, II Corps
1943–1944
Succeeded by
Post disbanded
Preceded by
John Louis Justice Clarke
Colonel of The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own)
1940–1948
Succeeded by
Robert John Springhall