Desmond Lardner-Burke

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Desmond William Lardner-Burke ID (17 October 1909 – 1984) was a politician in Rhodesia.

Senator The Honourable
Desmond Lardner-Burke
ID
Lardner-Burke.jpg
Minister of Justice and of Law and Order
In office
1964–1976
Personal details
Born 17 October 1909
Kimberley, South Africa
Died 1984
Zimbabwe
Political party Rhodesian Front

Early years[edit]

Desmond Lardner-Burke was born in Kimberley, Northern Cape on 17 October 1909, and was educated at St. Andrew's College, Grahamstown. Lardner-Burke became a lawyer.[1] He became a leading member of the Dominion Party,[2] and in 1957 was a founder member of the Southern Rhodesian Association, of which he soon became leader.[3] In 1962, this merged with Ian Smith's United Group and other organisations to found the Rhodesian Front,[4] of which he was a prominent member.[2]

Lardner-Burke was a supporter of white supremacy, and claimed to support the views of Cecil Rhodes.[5] In 1971, he preached a sermon from the pulpit of Salisbury's Anglican Cathedral, in which he claimed that Christ had never declared that everyone was equal, nor that everyone was entitled to equal treatment. He attempted to illustrate how Christian theology could be shown to support apartheid.[6]

At the Southern Rhodesian general election, 1962, Lardner-Burke was elected for the Gwelo constituency.[7] The Rhodesian Front formed the new government, and after a period on the backbenches,[8] Lardner-Burke was appointed Minister for Law and Order and Justice. In this role, he gave advice on which political detainees were suitable for release. He also acted as Leader of the House.[5]

The Times have described Lardner-Burke as "...responsible for the harassment, arrest and detention without trial of tens of thousands of black nationalists, including President Mugabe, fighting against white rule in the 1960s and 1970s."[9] He first ordered Mugabe to be detained in December 1963, writing:

"...whereas certain information has been placed before me and whereas due to confidential information which I cannot reveal, I am satisfied that you are likely to commit acts of violence throughout Rhodesia..."

Mugabe spent the next eleven years in various prisons.[10]

Unilateral Declaration of Independence[edit]

Lardner-Burke held his seat at the 1965 general election, and was one of the signatories to the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI), signed in Salisbury on 11 November.

Following the UDI, Lardner-Burke stepped up his struggle against militants opposed to the Rhodesian Front. He made the possession of "weapons of war" a mandatory capital offence, and to escape this punishment, those accused were expected to demonstrate that they did not intend to endanger life.[11]

In 1967, Michael Holman, a white student activist, published a poem criticising the Rhodesian Front's racial policy. For this, he was arrested, but a trial acquitted him of any crime. However, Lardner-Burke used his powers to immediately have Holman arrested and detained without trial.[2]

Lardner-Burke again held his seat at the 1970 general election, but stood down in 1974. By 1974, he had been given powers to "arrest without warrant and detain without communication anyone regarded as a threat to the 'public interest'".[12]

The white Rhodesian Government was replaced in 1979, and in 1980 a government including Mugabe was elected. Lardner-Burke died in 1984 at St Anne's Hospital, Harare.

2008 election[edit]

In the run-up to the Zimbabwean parliamentary election, 2008, the Movement for Democratic Change opposition to Mugabe noted that Lardner-Burke's name appeared on the electoral roll for the Mount Pleasant suburb of Harare. They alleged that the presence of names such as Lardner-Burke's on the roll would permit Mugabe's ZANU-PF party to engage in electoral fraud by falsely claiming the support of dead people. Reports noted the irony of Lardner-Burke potentially posthumously assisting Mugabe in securing a further term as President of Zimbabwe.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "We Want Our Country", Time
  2. ^ a b c Dickson A. Mungazi, The Last Defenders of the Laager: Ian D. Smith and F. W. de Klerk
  3. ^ Theodore Bull, Rhodesia: Crisis of Color
  4. ^ David M. Rowe, Manipulating the Market
  5. ^ a b Judith Todd, The Right to Say No
  6. ^ Diana Fynn, On the Turn of the Tide
  7. ^ Source Book of Parliamentary Elections and Referenda in Southern Rhodesia 1898–1962 ed. by F.M.G. Willson (Department of Government, University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Salisbury 1963)
  8. ^ Kenneth Young, Rhodesia and Independence: A Study in British Colonial Policy
  9. ^ a b Jan Raath, "President Robert Mugabe 'raises the dead' to secure electoral victory in Zimbabwe", The Times
  10. ^ Andrew Norman, Robert Mugabe and the Betrayal of Zimbabwe
  11. ^ Denis Herbstein, White Lies: Canon Collins And The Secret War Against Apartheid
  12. ^ News Dictionary, Facts on File, Inc. (1974)