Dessauer Ufer was a Nazi Germany subcamp of the Neuengamme concentration camp. The camp opened in mid-July 1944 for 1,000 Czechs and Hungarian Jewish woman selected from Auschwitz-Birkenau. After a month 500 more Polish-Jewish women were forced to work in the Geilenberg programme as oil workers to rescue the refineries from Rhenania Ossag (Shell), Ebano-Oehler (Esso), J. Schindler, Jung-Öl, and Blohm + Voss.
On 13 September 1944 the women were transported to the Hamburg-Sasel, Wedel and Hamburg-Neugraben camps. 2000 prisoners of war were brought to the camp. The clearing up work for the refineries continued, and some inmates dug anti-tank obstacles at Hittfeld.
A 25 October 1944 air raid partly destroyed the camp. 150 inmates died and the SS transported the men to the subcamp Fuhlsbüttel. On 15 February 1945, 800 prisoners were transported back from Fuhlsbüttel to the camp to produce petrol for Jung-Öl. On October 25, 1945 the SS closed the camp, transporting the inmates to the Stalag X-B camp at Sandbostel.
The warehouse in which the camp was located has been under historic preservation since 1988 because it keeps records of a typical unit of warehouses outside the Speicherstadt of Hamburg, and because of its brick architecture.
At the building today is a memorial plaque for the inmates. The building itself is used as a warehouse and is open for a conducted tour. Guided tours by ship in the port of Hamburg to the subcamps and other sites are held regularly.
- Verzeichnis der Konzentrationslager und ihrer Außenkommandos gemäß § 42 Abs. 2 BEG. Federal Ministry of Justice. 1967. Retrieved 2008-09-20. "No. 557 Hamburg-Geilenberg, Dessauer Ufer" (German)
- "Außenlager und Gedenkstätten" (html--Google translation). Memorial of the concentration camp Neuengamme. Retrieved 2008-10-11. Follow the link Hamburg-Veddel (Frauen) and Hamburg-Veddel (Männer) (German)
- "Lucille Eichengreen on Surviving the Holocaust". Spiegel online international. 2006-11-29. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dessauer Ufer subcamp.|
- Website Hamburg memorial sites (German)
- Picture of Dessauer Ufer (German)
- Website for the Neuengamme camp at Stichting Vriendenkring Neuengamme (Dutch)
|This article about a Hamburg building or structure is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|