Detroit City Council
|Detroit City Council|
|Founded||1824 (as the Common Council)|
Council last election
|November 5, 2013|
|13th floor, Coleman A. Young Municipal Building|
The Detroit City Council is the legislative body of Detroit, Michigan, United States. The full-time council is required to meet every business day for at least 10 months of the year, with at least eight of these meetings occurring at a location besides city hall. The council may convene for special meetings at the call of the mayor or at least four members of council.
The City Council was first constituted as the legislative body of the city in 1824, and was called the Common Council until July 1, 1974. Prior to 1918, the council was elected from city wards. However, starting in 1918, all city council members were elected at large, unusual for a city of Detroit's size. On November 4, 2009, city voters overwhelmingly approved a referendum to once again elect most of the council by districts beginning in 2013, while allowing for two at-large seats.
The council is composed of nine members, seven of which are elected from single-member districts of approximately equal population, with two additional members elected at-large. The council includes two officers, the president and president pro tempore, who are elected from amongst the members of the council at the beginning of each new session of the body for four years terms. The officers can be removed by a unanimous vote of council exclusive of the member being removed during any session meeting. Elections to the body are officially non-partisan.
|District||Councillor||Position||In office since|
|District 1||James Tate||2009|
|District 2||George Cushingberry, Jr.||President pro tempore||2013|
|District 3||Scott Benson||2013|
|District 4||André L. Spivey||2009|
|District 5||Mary Sheffield||2013|
|District 6||Raquel Castañeda-López||2013|
|District 7||Gabe Leland||2013|
a. At-large Councilwoman Saunteel Jenkins, first elected in 2009, resigned her seat in October 2014.
The council has five standing committees:
- Budget and Finance
- Neighborhood and Community Services
- Human Resources
- Law and Public Safety
- Planning and Economic Development
The council is granted the power to form additional committees at its own discretion
Vacancies and special elections
If a vacancy occurs on the city council, it is filled by appointment of the city council based on a two-thirds vote of its existing members. The appointee serves until the next general election. However, the seat remains vacant if the vacancy occurs fewer than 180 days before the next general election.
Starting in 1919, nine Detroit City Council members were elected at large. Members of the council, from 1919 to the present, are:
As of May 2013, members of the city council collect $73,181 a year and the council president is paid $76,911 per year.
- Josar, David (November 4, 2009). "Plan to elect council by districts wins". The Detroit News. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
- "Detroit councilwoman Saunteel Jenkins resigns". The Detroit News (Jonathan Wolman). 17 October 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
- "Detroit City Council, 1919 to present". Detroit Public Library. Retrieved November 6, 2010.