Wayne State University School of Medicine

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Wayne State University School of Medicine
Wayne State University School of Medicine logo, 2012.jpg
Established 1868
Type Public
Dean Valerie M. Parisi
Students 1,000+
Location Detroit, Michigan, USA
Grading Honor / Pass / Fail
Website WSUSOM homepage

The Wayne State University School of Medicine (WSUSOM) is the largest single-campus medical school in the United States. It currently hosts an enrollment of more than 1,000 medical students in undergraduate medical education, master’s degree, Ph.D., and M.D.-Ph.D. programs and courses encompass 14 areas of basic science. WSUSOM traces its roots through four predecessor institutions since its founding in 1868.

The Detroit College of Medicine was founded in 1868 in a building on Woodward Avenue adjacent to Harper University Hospital. The Michigan College of Medicine was incorporated in 1879 and offered classes in the former Hotel Hesse at the intersection of Gratiot Avenue, Madison Avenue and St. Antoine Street. In 1885, the two schools merged to form the Detroit College of Medicine and occupied the former Michigan College of Medicine building. The college was reorganized and refinanced as the Detroit College of Medicine and Surgery in 1913, and five-years later, came under control of the Detroit Board of Education. In 1933, the Board of Education joined the Detroit College of Medicine and Surgery with the colleges of Liberal Arts, Education, Engineering, Pharmacy, and the Graduate School to form an institution of higher education called the Colleges of the City of Detroit. This was renamed Wayne University in 1934 and became a state-chartered institution, Wayne State University, in 1956.[1]

Overview[edit]

The School of Medicine’s mission is to provide first-rate medical education while leading the field through research and patient care. The school ranks 22nd in total research expenditures in health sciences with a research portfolio exceeding $99 million annually, according to the National Science Foundation.[2] The faculty consists of over 2,000 physicians, many who are members of the Wayne State University Physician Group, and provide care at eleven affiliated hosptials, clinics and training sites throughout the area.

Scott Hall is one of several buildings encompassing the campus for the School of Medicine
Detroit College of Medicine, about 1911

Although the school’s faculty offer expertise in virtually all medical fields, the institution’s areas of research emphasis include cancer, women’s and children’s health, neuroscience and population studies. Many are academic leaders at national and international levels in editorial roles. Research highlights in these areas include:

WSUSOM’s Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology ranks first in the country in terms of total funding from the National Institutes of Health. It is the home to the NIH Perinatology Research Branch, which is dedicated to improving the quality of maternal-fetal health nationwide. The department pioneered several innovative therapies in this field of medicine, including fetal surgery to treat birth defects in the womb, the first-ever successful in-utero bone-marrow transplant and Michigan’s first in-vitro fertilization program.

Professors at the school provided the "first evidence that glucose is a major stimulant on insulin secretion and, while and increase in the concentration of blood glucose stimulates the secretion of insulin, a decrease inhibits it and, in addition, stimulates the secretion of a blood-sugar raising factor (glucagon) by the pancreas. Subsequent experiments contributed substantially to the establishment of glucagon as a "second pancreatic hormone"." [3]

The first successful open heart surgery was performed at the Detroit Medical Center by Wayne State University physician Dr. Forest Dodrill on patient Henry Opitek. He used a machine developed by himself and researchers at General Motors, the Dodrill-GMR, considered to be the first operational mechanical heart used while performing open heart surgery.[4][5][6]

Wayne State University School of Medicine is the academic affiliate of the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, one of 26 NCI-designated Cancer Centers in the United States. WSUSOM researchers, in conjunction with Karmanos Cancer Institute, oversee more than 400 clinical trials, participate in a national program to collect and study cancer data for future research and provide about half of all national statistics on cancer in African Americans. The first drug approved for the treatment of AIDS and HIV infection, Zidovudine was synthesized here. WSUSOM and Karmanos furthered their partnership in 2009, signing an agreement to establish a new academic department at the school for Karmanos researchers and expand their already successful research and teaching partnership.

The school has a major program of emphasis in the neurosciences, including neurology, neurotrauma, neuromuscular and degenerative diseases, vision sciences, neurobehavioral sciences and neuro-imaging. WSU is also home to the Ligon Research Center of Vision, one of the few centers in the world working on both retinal and cortical implants to restore sight and advance artificial vision, as well as the newly established and highly innovative Center for Spinal Cord Injury Recovery.

The medical school is the site of an innovative pilot study to expand basic ultrasound education to medical students as part of the NASA funded Advanced Diagnosis in Microgravity Project (ADUM) led by Dr. Scott Dulchavsky. The University is the first Medical School in the United States to implement this measure in a joint venture between the departments of Radiology and Surgery.

Wayne State University School of Medicine is primarily affiliated for undergraduate and graduate medical education with the hospitals of the Detroit Medical Center, and Henry Ford Health System. The Detroit Medical Center includes the Children's Hospital of Michigan, the Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan, Detroit Receiving Hospital, Harper University Hospital, Hutzel Women's Hospital, Sinai-Grace Hospital, Huron Valley-Sinai Hospital and the DMC Surgery Hospital. Primary affiliates within the HFHS are Henry Ford Hospital, Henry Ford West Bloomfield Hospital, and Henry Ford Kingswood Hospital, a comprehensive psychiatric facility. Detroit Receiving Hospital and Henry Ford Hospital are Level 1 Trauma Centers, Children's Hospital of Michigan is a Pediatric Level 1 Trauma Center. Additionally, it coordinates teaching experiences for students and residents with 14 community hospitals through the Southeast Michigan Center for Medical Education.

Community Care[edit]

The school’s ties to the community are strong. As the only medical school based in Detroit, WSU has a stated mission to improve the overall health of the community. As part of this mission, the School has established with the help of a $6 million NIH grant the Center for Urban & African-American Health to seek new ways to redress health disparities by identifying preventive strategies and therapeutic approaches to chronic diseases that plague this population, namely obesity, cardiovascular disease and cancer.

Perhaps the most significant contribution the School provides to the community is care to area residents who are under- or uninsured. Along with the Detroit Medical Center, WSU faculty physicians provide an average of $150 million in uncompensated care annually.

WSU sponsors a number of community-service and health-awareness programs in southeastern Michigan, including mental-health screenings, Diabetes Day, the Community Health Child Immunization Project, the Detroit Cardiovascular Coalition and Brain Awareness Week. In addition to faculty-sponsored programs, WSU medical students are among the most active in the country for community outreach. The medical students, with supervision, regularly provide free medical care for homeless and unemployed patients at Detroit’s Cass Clinic. Student-sponsored outreach programs also include Senior Citizen Outreach Project, Adolescent Substance Abuse Prevention Program and Teen Pregnancy Education Program.

Curriculum[edit]

Year One[edit]

Year Two[edit]

Year Three[edit]

Year Four[edit]

Degree Programs[edit]

Wayne State University School of Medicine offers many graduate programs including an MD/PhD program, ten Doctor of Philosophy programs, eight Master of Science programs, and three Certification programs.

PhD Programs: Anatomy and Cell Biology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Cancer Biology, Immunology and Microbiology, Medical Physics, Molecular Medicine and Genetics in the Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics (CMMG), Pathology, Pharmacology, Physiology, and Translational Neuroscience.

Master of Science Programs: Basic Medical Science, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Genetic Counseling, Medical Research, MPH Degree with Concentration in Public Health Practice, Physiology, Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, and Radiological Physics.

Certification Programs: Graduate Certificate in Clinical & Translational Science, Graduate Certificate in Global Pediatric Health, and a Graduate Certificate in Public Health Practice.

Rankings[edit]

The School of Medicine was ranked 22nd among the nation's 125 medical schools, according to the National Science Foundation's[1] report in the year 2000.

Wayne State University School of Medicine is ranked #64 for research[2] in the 2014 edition of the U.S. News & World Report research rankings.

Notable alumni[edit]

Notable faculty[edit]

  • David Gorski, associate professor of surgery, blogger on alternative medicine and pseudoscience
  • John S. Meyer, M.D., founding professor and Chairman of Neurology in 1957
  • Margo Cohen, former professor and head of Endocrinology and Metabolism; later the founder of Exocell.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical Timeline". Wayne State University. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  2. ^ "School's Research Ranking Climbs" (Press release). Wayne State University. 21 February 2000. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  3. ^ "Piero P. Foà". Dante Alighieri Society—Michigan Chapter. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  4. ^ American Heart Association (22 October 2002). "The Mechanical Heart celebrates 50 lifesaving years" (Press release). Charitywire.com. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  5. ^ "50th Anniversary of First Open Heart Surgery" (Press release). Wayne State University. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  6. ^ Stephenson, Larry W; Arbulu Agustin, Bassett Joseph S, Silbergleit Allen, Hughes Calvin H (July 2002). "The Michigan Heart: the world's first successful open heart operation? Part I". Journal of Cardiac Surgery 17 (3) (Wiley Periodicals, Inc.). pp. 238–46; discussion 258–9. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8191.2002.tb01209.x. ISSN 1540-8191. PMID 12489911. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  7. ^ http://thecentralline.org/?p=2788
  8. ^ http://www.drhem.com
  9. ^ http://health.usnews.com/doctors/paul-petre-592464
  10. ^ http://www.justice.gov/usao/mie/downloads/patel%20pdfind.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.justice.gov/usao/mie/news/2011/2011_8_2_bpatel.html
  12. ^ http://www.fbi.gov/detroit/press-releases/2013/pharmacist-pharmacy-owner-sentenced-to-17-years-for-health-care-fraud-drug-offenses
  13. ^ http://health.usnews.com/doctors/mark-greenbain-365612
  14. ^ http://www.justice.gov/usao/mie/downloads/patel%20pdfind.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.justice.gov/usao/mie/news/2011/2011_8_2_bpatel.html
  16. ^ http://www.fbi.gov/detroit/press-releases/2013/pharmacist-pharmacy-owner-sentenced-to-17-years-for-health-care-fraud-drug-offenses
  17. ^ http://www.psychsearch.net/michigan-psychiatrist-guilty-of-fraud-and-drug-distribution/
  18. ^ http://s3.documentcloud.org/documents/964155/greenbain-sentencing-memo.pdf
  19. ^ http://projects.propublica.org/checkup/providers/2011_479345

External links[edit]