Detroit Fire Department

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Detroit Fire Department (DFD)
Operational area
Country  United States
State  Michigan
City Detroit
Agency overview
Established 1860
Annual calls ~165,000 (~9,000 Fires)
Employees 830
Staffing Career
Commissioner Edsel Jenkins
EMS level ALS & BLS
IAFF Local 344
Facilities and equipment
Divisions 1
Battalions 8
Stations 34
Engines 27
Trucks 14
Squads 6
Ambulances 22
HAZMAT 1
Airport crash 2
Fireboats 1
Website
Official Website
IAFF Local 344
The former Fire Headquarters, located in Downtown.
The quarters of Engine 17, Ladder 7, and Chief 5 at 6100 2nd St.
A DFD Captain overseeing a fire in 1978.
Fireboat Curtis Randolph
DFD Ladder 19 and an American Red Cross Disaster Action Team van at the scene of a house fire in Detroit.

The Detroit Fire Department (DFD) provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city of Detroit, Michigan, United States.

The Detroit Fire Department currently operates 47 fire companies out of 34 fire stations located throughout the city, with a total sworn personnel complement of 830 firefighters in all ranks. The Detroit Fire Headquarters was once located on Larned Street in Downtown Detroit. On July 8, 2013, the headquarters moved to the Detroit Public Safety Headquarters on 3rd street. The building, a former MGM Grand Casino will host fire, police, EMS, and additional services.

The Detroit Fire Department responds to approximately 165,000 emergency calls annually, with over 80% being medical emergencies and approximately 9,000 working structural fires.[1]

Recent History[edit]

Until December 31, 2013, the Detroit Fire Department was led by Fire Commissioner Donald R. Austin, a former member of the Los Angeles Fire Department and a Detroit native. Austin came to Detroit in May 2011 on the difficult mission to bring change to the Detroit Fire Department. In November 2013 he resigned due to changes in city administration. Austin had kicked off a reform of the department, which will have to be fulfilled by his successor. The new mayor of Detroit, Mike Duggan, named Jonathan Jackson, a 25-year veteran of the department, and a Second Deputy Fire Commissioner under Austin, as the Interim Fire Commissioner on December 23, 2013. Craig Dougherty, a former member of Engine 50 on the city's East Side and Fire Chief under Austin, became a Second Deputy Commissioner under Jackson. The administration was rounded out by Deputy Commissioner Edsel Jenkins, C.P.A., Second Deputy Commissioner Sydney Zack, LL.M., and Second Deputy Commissioner Orlando Gregory.[2] By the end of March 2014, Commissioner Jackson resigned due to a life-threatening neural disease. On April 8, Deputy Commissioner Jenkins was named as the new Executive Fire Commissioner.

Fire Activity[edit]

The city of Detroit has to cope with an enormous fire load, due to numerous vacant buildings throughout the city. Combined with its, economic situation this results in many arson fires on a daily basis. In 2011, the DFD responded to over 9,000 working structural fires. Over 95% of the structural fires the DFD faces are caused by arson, fifty times the national average for arson-related fires. About 85% of the arson fires that occur daily in Detroit occur in vacant homes. There are no accurate statistics considering the arson rates in Detroit, due to the fact that only a fraction of the fires can be investigated by the highly understaffed arson unit. Only investigated fire scenes can be ruled arson. The others just remain "suspicious" fires.

Organization[edit]

Rank Structure[edit]

Below is the rank structure of the Detroit Fire Department.[3]

  • Executive Fire Commissioner
  • First Deputy Commissioner
  • Second Deputy Commissioner
  • Second Deputy Commissioner
  • Chief of Department
  • Deputy Chief
  • Senior Chief
  • Battalion Chief
  • Captain (Capt.)
  • Senior Lieutenant (Lt.)
  • Lieutenant (Lt.)
  • Sergeant (Sgt.)
  • Fire Engine Operator (FEO.)
  • Firefighter Driver (FFD.)
  • Firefighter (FF.)
  • Trial Firefighter (TFF.)

Operations[edit]

The Detroit Fire Department is currently divided into 10 divisions of operations: Administration, Apparatus, Communications, Community Relations, Emergency Medical Services(EMS), Firefighting/Fire Suppression, Fire Marshal, Medical, Research and Development, and Training Academy.[4]

Fire apparatus profile[edit]

  • 27 Engine Companies (E1, E9, E17, E27, E29, E30, E32,E33, E34, E35, E39, E40, E41, E42, E44, E46, E48, E50, E52, E53, E54, E55, E56, E57, E58, E59, E60)
  • 13 Ladder Companies (L6, L8, L13, L18, L20, L21, L22, L23, L25, L26, L27, L30, L31)
  • 2 Platform Companies (L7, L17)
  • 6 Squad Companies (SQ1, SQ2, SQ3, SQ4, SQ5, SQ6)
  • 8 Battalion Chiefs (Chief 1, Chief 2, Chief 4, Chief 5, Chief 6, Chief 7, Chief 8, Chief 9)
  • 1 Senior Chief (Car 203)
  • 2 Deputy Chiefs (Car 201, Car 202)
  • 1 Chief of Department (Car 200)
  • 24 Medic Units
  • 1 Tac. Unit (T2)
  • 1 Haz-Mat. Unit (HM1)
  • 1 Decon. Unit
  • 1 Mobile Command Unit
  • 1 Fireboat

Emergency Medical Services[edit]

The Detroit Fire Department operates a separate EMS Division and has no medical first responder system in place, which is uncommon in the United States. This is mainly due to the vast amount of fires they have to fight every day. Committing fire apparatus to EMS calls would put too much strains on the department and leave too few units to respond to fires.

The EMS division operates with limited manpower. As a result, many calls are received without an EMS unit immediately available. The availability of EMS units is often compromised due to the amount of calls in a city which has a lot of violence, as well as the breaking down of the EMS rigs due to age, mileage, and lack of proper maintenance. Thanks to Mayor Bing's collaboration with the business community, Roger Penske sponsored 23 new ambulances for the department, which were put into service in the summer of 2013.

In September 2013, AED devices were put in service on the fire apparatuses as a first step into performing life support to citizens as first responders.

Fire station locations and apparatus[edit]

As of December 2013, there are a total of 34 fire stations in the city of Detroit, including the Fire Headquarters, organized into 8 battalions. Each battalion is commanded by a battalion chief per shift.[5][6]

Engine Company Ladder Company Special Unit Medic Unit Chief Battalion Address
Car 200 (Chief of Department), Car 201 (Deputy Chief), Car 202 (Deputy Chief), 203 (Senior Chief) 1 1301 3rd St. (Public Safety Complex)
Engine 1 1 111 W. Montcalm St. @ Park Ave
Engine 9 Ladder 6 Medic 21 1 3737 E. Lafayette St. @ Mt. Elliot
Engine 17 Ladder 7 Chief 5 5 6100 2nd Ave. @ Burroughs St.
Engine 27 Ladder 8 Medic 9, Medic 19 Chief 7 7 4700 W. Fort St. @ Ferdinand St.
Engine 29 7 7600 W. Jefferson Ave. @ Solvay St.
Engine 30 Medic 3 4 16543 Meyers Rd. & Florence St.
Engine 32 Medic 23 Chief 6 6 11740 E. Jefferson Ave. @ Hart
Engine 33 Ladder 13 7 1041 Lawndale St. @ Lafayette Blvd.
Engine 34 2 6345 Livernois Ave. @ Walton St.
Engine 35 Medic 20 5 111 Kenilworth St. & Woodward Ave.
Engine 39 Medic 1 5 8700 14th St. @ Blaine St.
Engine 40 Ladder 17 Medic 10 8 13939 Dexter Ave. @ Ewald Cir.
Engine 41 Medic 14 6 5000 Rohns St. @ E. Warren Ave.
Engine 42 Ladder 21 Medic 2 2 6425 W. Chicago Ave. @ Livernois
Engine 44 Ladder 18 Chief 8 8 47 W. 7 Mile @ John R.
Engine 46 9 10101 Knodell St. & Gratiot Ave.
Engine 48 Medic 11 7 2300 Fort St. & Downing
Engine 50 Ladder 23 Medic 15 Chief 9 9 12895 Houston Whittier St. @ Gratiot
Engine 52 Ladder 31 9 5029 Manistique St. & E. Warren Ave
Engine 53 Ladder 25 4 15217 Greenfield Rd. @ Fenkell
Engine 54 Ladder 26 Medic 4, Medic 22 4 16825 Trinity St. @ Grand River
Engine 55 Ladder 27 Medic 5 Chief 2 2 18140 Joy Rd. @ Southfield Rd.
Engine 56 Medic 16 8 18601 Ryan Rd. @ Hilldale
Engine 57 2 13960 Burt Rd. & Schoolcraft
Engine 58 Squad 6 Medic 24 9 10801 Whittier St. @ Lakepoint
Engine 59 Squad 1 Medic 17 Chief 4 4 17800 Curtis St. @ Southfield Rd.
Engine 60 9 19701 Hoover St. @ Manning
Medic 12 6 2200 Crane St. @ Brinket
Ladder 20 Squad 2 Medic 6 1 433 Alexandrine St. W. & Cass Ave.
Ladder 22 2 6830 McGraw St. & Martin Rd.
Squad 3 6 1818 E. Grand Blvd. @ Moran
Squad 4 Medic 7 5 1697 W. Grand Blvd. @ McGraw Ave.
Squad 5 8 18326 Livernois Ave. @ Curtis
Tac. Unit 2, Haz-Mat. Unit 1, Decon. Unit 1, Mobile Command Unit 1 Medic 8 Chief 1 1 3050 Russell St.

Communications[edit]

Response guidelines[edit]

Alarm Type Alarm Level Companies Assigned
Still Alarm 1st Alarm Assignment 1 Engine or 1 Engine, 1 Ladder
Box Alarm 1st Alarm Assignment 2 Engines 1 Ladder, 1 Squad, 1 Chief
2nd Alarm Fire 2nd Alarm Assignment 3 Engines, 2 Ladders (1 Platform - Ladder 7), 1 Squad, 1 Chief, Car 203 (Senior Chief)
3rd Alarm Fire 3rd Alarm Assignment 3 Engines, 1 Ladder, 1 Squad, 1 Chief, 1 Deputy Chief (Car 201 or Car 202), Mobile Command Unit
Motor Vehicle Accident/Elevator Rescue Special Assignment 1 Engine, 1 Squad
Confined-Space Rescue Special Assignment 1 Engine, 1 Squad, 1 Chief
Bomb Threat Special Assignment 2 Engines, 1 Ladder, 1 Squad, 1 Chief, Haz-Mat. Unit
Police Assist/Access Special Assignment 1 Ladder, 1 Chief

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fire Department." City of Detroit. Retrieved on November 2, 2009.
  2. ^ "[1]." Retrieved on January 4, 2014.
  3. ^ "FAQs | Fire Department | City of Detroit Departments". www.detroitmi.gov. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  4. ^ "About the Fire Department | City of Detroit Departments | www.detroitmi.gov". Ci.detroit.mi.us. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
  5. ^ [2][dead link]
  6. ^ "Latest News on Detroit's Fire Department". Detroit Firehouse. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 

External links[edit]