Deuterated DMSO

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Deuterated DMSO
Wireframe of deuterated DMSO
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Trideuterio(trideuteriomethylsulfinyl)methane
Systematic IUPAC name
(2H3)Methanesulfinyl(2H3)methane
Other names
Deuterated dimethyl sulfoxide
Identifiers
Abbreviations DMSO-d6
1237248
CAS number 2206-27-1 N
ChemSpider 67699 (anhydrate) YesY
EC number 218-617-0
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 75151 (anhydrate)
RTECS number PV6210000
Properties
C2D6OS
Molar mass 84.17 g/mol
Density 1.19 g/cm3 (20 °C)
Melting point 20.2 °C (68.4 °F; 293.3 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Deuterated DMSO, also known as dimethyl sulfoxide-d6, is an isotopologue of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO, (CH3)2S=O)) with chemical formula ((CD3)2S=O) in which the hydrogen atoms ("H") are replaced with their isotope deuterium ("D"). Deuterated DMSO is a common solvent used in NMR spectroscopy.

Production[edit]

Deuterated DMSO is produced by heating DMSO in heavy water (D2O) with a basic catalyst such as calcium oxide. The reaction does not give complete conversion to the d6 product, and the water produced must be removed and replaced with D2O several times to drive the equilibrium to the fully deuterated product.[1]

Use in NMR Spectroscopy[edit]

Pure deuterated DMSO shows no peaks in 1H NMR spectroscopy so is commonly used as an NMR solvent. However commercially available samples are not 100% pure and a residual DMSO-d5 1H NMR signal is observed at 2.50ppm (quintet, JHD=1.9Hz). The 13C chemical shift of DMSO-d6 is 39.52ppm.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fruhstorfer, Wolfgang; Hampel, Bruno, (E. Merck A.-G.); 1964; "Hexadeuterodimethyl sulfoxide."; DE 1171422 (B)
  2. ^ Hugo E. Gottlieb, Vadim Kotlyar, Abraham Nudelman, "NMR Chemical Shifts of Common Laboratory Solvents as Trace Impurities", J. Org. Chem., 1997, 62, 7512-7515 doi:10.1021/jo971176v