Deutschkreutz

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Deutschkreutz
Sopronkeresztúr légifotó.jpg
Coat of arms of Deutschkreutz
Coat of arms
Deutschkreutz is located in Austria
Deutschkreutz
Deutschkreutz
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°36′06″N 16°37′41″E / 47.60167°N 16.62806°E / 47.60167; 16.62806Coordinates: 47°36′06″N 16°37′41″E / 47.60167°N 16.62806°E / 47.60167; 16.62806
Country Austria
State Burgenland
District Oberpullendorf
Government
 • Mayor Manfred Kölly (FBL)
Area
 • Total 34.1 km2 (13.2 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 3,093
 • Density 91/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 7301
Vehicle registration OP
Website www.deutschkreutz.at

Deutschkreutz is an Austrian market town in the district of Oberpullendorf in the state of Burgenland. Its Hungarian name is Sopronkeresztúr (until 1899, Németkeresztúr), in Hebrew it is called Zelem (Hebrew: צֶלֶם‎), (Croatian: 'Kerestur').

Geography[edit]

Deutschkreutz lies in Middle Burgenland. It is divided into the districts of Deutschkreutz and Girm. The town, like its neighbors Unterpetersdorf, Horitschon, and Neckenmarkt, is located in Blaufränkischland.

History[edit]

Deutschkreutz has been a market town since 1340 (no documention 1370-1429). The town belonged to Hungary as part of Sopron County until 1920/21. After the end of World War I, the territory was given to Austria by the Treaties of St. Germain and Trianon. Since 1921, the town has belonged to the newly founded State of Burgenland.

In Jewish history, Deutschkreutz was one of the Seven Communities of Burgenland.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1869 3,177 —    
1880 3,184 +0.2%
1890 3,646 +14.5%
1900 3,952 +8.4%
1910 3,891 −1.5%
1923 3,929 +1.0%
1934 4,220 +7.4%
1939 3,796 −10.0%
1951 3,852 +1.5%
1961 3,901 +1.3%
1971 3,673 −5.8%
1981 3,522 −4.1%
1991 3,327 −5.5%
2001 3,221 −3.2%
2011 3,136 −2.6%

Politics[edit]

Deutschkreutz's mayor is Manfred Kölly who was expelled from the FPÖ in December 2006. Vice mayors are Mag. Robert Friedl of the SPÖ and Paul Fennes of the ÖVP. Its chief officer is Stefan Schöller.

The mandate assignments in the Municipal Council (23 seats) are SPÖ 11, ÖVP 7, FPÖ 5, Grüne 0, and other lists 0.

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  • The information in this article is based on a translation of its German equivalent.