|Broadcast area||Germany: FM, DAB, TV|
|Frequency||FM, LW, MW, DAB+|
|First air date||January 1, 1962|
|Sister stations||Deutschlandradio Kultur, Dokumente und Debatten, DRadio Wissen|
Deutschlandfunk (DLF) is a German public broadcasting radio station, broadcasting national news and current affairs.
Broadcasting in the Federal Republic of Germany is reserved under the Basic Law (constitution) to the states. This means that all public broadcasting is regionalised. National broadcasts must be aired through the national consortium of public broadcasters (ARD) or authorized by a treaty negotiated between the states.
In the 1950s, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) began broadcasting its Deutschlandsender station on longwave. In response to this, the then-Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk applied for a licence to operate a similar longwave service on behalf of the ARD. This was granted in 1956 and operated as Deutscher Langwellensender ("German Longwave Station").
In 1960, the federal government proved in court that, whilst broadcasting to Germany was a responsibility of the states, broadcasting from Germany could be seen as foreign affairs and thus reserved to the federal government. On 29 November 1960, the federal government created Deutschlandfunk as a national broadcasting corporation based in Cologne.
When Norddeutscher Rundfunk's licence to broadcasting on longwave expired, the federal government acquired the frequencies for Deutschlandfunk and began transmissions on 1 January 1962, joining the ARD on 7 June.
Deutschlandfunk broadcast primarily in German, targeting the GDR and German-speaking minorities in Eastern Europe. However, its European Department was responsible for foreign-language transmissions to neighbouring countries in Europe, primarily from the Ehndorf transmitter. From 7 June 1963 it began foreign language transmissions in Czech, Croatian, Polish and Serbian. Later it focused on the Federal Republic's free neighbours in northern Europe, including English programming for Ireland and the UK. Inter-continental broadcasts were the responsibility of Deutsche Welle. Back in 1989, also news on the half hour were placed next to the hourly news.
After reunification, negotiations between the states and the Federal Government led to a reorganization of Germany's national and international public broadcasters in which DLF lost its independence and ARD membership.
On 1 July 1993, DLF's European Department was transferred to Deutsche Welle. DLF English programmes were phased out over several years and replaced by DW's intercontinental programmes.
The rest of DLF was merged into Deutschlandradio ("Germany Radio"), a public broadcasting institution created to oversee national services, from 1 January 1994. DLF was given a new remit as a news and current affairs service, while retaining its staff and studio facilities in Cologne. The service remains free of advertising. In the years immediately after the merger it was sometimes referred to as DeutschlandRadio Köln ("Germany Radio Cologne").
Since 1998, the Germany radio gives together with the organizers of the Bremen Music Festival a prestigious prize for young artists in classical music, the sponsorship Germany Funk, who is among other things connected with Artist-in-Residence Fellowship.
Since the beginning of 2006, the Germany radio has a new acoustic package. This first part also jingles before and after the news. However, these are relatively restrained and designed quietly.
As station voice acting Matthias Ponnier. Jingles at the beginning of the shipments were in the mid-1990s has been in use in the short term, but enjoyed extremely low popularity.
On 1 January 2012, Deutschlandradio celebrated its 50th anniversary with a conference entitled "The Place of the Political in the Digital World", special programs, as well as a website designed for this event.
Deutschlandfunk's schedules are largely made up of news and documentaries, covering politics, economics and science. There is also some very limited music output.
Deutschlandfunk broadcasts a news bulletin, usually lasting five to ten minutes, on every full hour without exception. From early morning to early evening German time, there is also a shorter bulletin on the half hour.
On weekdays, a morning news magazine is broadcast between 05:00 and 09:00 German time, with frequent news bulletins. News magazines are also broadcast between 12:00 and 13:30, and between 18:00 and 18:40. The main evening bulletin is from 23:00 to 00:00. Selections from German and international newspaper commentaries are interspersed in the morning, noon, and midnight news magazines.
On Sundays, a discussion programme is broadcast between 09:30 and 10:00, covering subjects as varied as Islam in Germany, neurophysiology and the history of art. These discussions are archived on the internet .
Deutschlandfunk provides programming for the German-language Belgian radio station BRF-DLF in Brussels. It also cooperates with the main Belgischer Rundfunk (BRF) domestic radio service for the East Cantons of Walonia, BRF1.
Until November 23, 1978 (until the Geneva Frequency Plan of 1975 came into effect), Deutschlandfunk was transmitted on long wave from Sender Donebach and on medium wave from Bad Dürrheim, Cremlingen, Ravensburg, Ehndorf and Mainflingen. With the validation of waveplan of Geneva Bad Dürrheim was shut down. In 1979 new transmitters went into service: in Erching for daytime long wave transmission and in 1980/81 in Nordkirchen and Thurnau for medium wave transmission.
On January 1, 1989 the Aholming transmitter replaced Erching and allowed 24 hour service on the second long-wave frequency. On October 1, 1994 Heusweiler transmitter, which previously transmitted "Europawelle Saar", started transmitting Deutschlandfunk. On December 31, 1994 Mainflingen transmitter was shut down.
Deutschlandfunk broadcasts in FM, DAB, medium wave (transmitter sites Neumünster, North Church, Brunswick, Thurnau, Heusweiler and Ravensburg), long wave (transmitter sites Donebach and Aholming) and broadcast digitally via the Astra satellite system and used in the German and some European cable networks.
Up to 23 November 1978 the sites were Donebach (long wave), Ravensburg, Bad Durrheim, Cremlingen and Neumünster used (all medium wave). With the entry into force of the Geneva Plan of the wave medium wave transmitter Bad Durrheim was shut down, it came in 1979 Erching transmitter (long wave, only daytime) and 1980/81 the North sender Thurnau and churches (both medium wave) was added. On 1 January 1989 took over the station Aholming the task of the transmitter in Erching. Thus, on the second longwave frequency of a 24-hour operation was possible. Since 1 October 1994, the program of the Germany radio is also published on the medium wave transmitter of the Saarland Radio in Heusweiler in return was 31 December 1994, the medium wave Mainflingen the gospel broadcasting.
In 2010, the Deutschlandfunk competed with its sister programs to broadcast slots in national DAB bouquet. At most sites, where the Germany radio prior to 18 January 2010 kB 128 s was / represented by the DAB, the bandwidth to two 64 kb / s program streams in favor of DLF and the new program was divided. Since the KEF has reduced the DAB funding, the radio transmits Germany due to the DAB transmission costs from its own budget.
With the establishment of an FM transmitter network was begun in the 1980s, but especially in southern Germany the station received only weak support frequencies in the cities. The result is that the Germany radio on FM is outside of cities often very difficult to receive, in contrast to the long wave with its excellent surface coverage.
Since 2001, the program BRF DLF is broadcast on FM in Brussels, which is composed of shipments of the Belgian Radio and Radio Germany.
Until the end of April 2012 Germany sent his radio broadcasts via shortwave frequency of 6190 kHz from Sender Berlin-Britz with a power of 17 kW. After the failure of a pre-repair plant went into operation in 1951 would have been too expensive, so that the transmission mode is set.
- Berlin (6190 kHz) until April 2012
- Nordkirchen (549 kHz)
- Thurnau (549 kHz)
- Cremlingen (756 kHz)
- Ravensburg (756 kHz)
- Ehndorf (1269 kHz)
- Heusweiler (1422 kHz)
Thanks to these transmitters Deutschlandfunk's signal reaches most of Europe during the hours of darkness. The long wave transmission can also be heard in much of Europe during day and night, including parts of Great Britain. With the exception of Heusweiler, the transmitters are owned by Deutsche Telekom AG.
FM transmitters carry the Deutschlandfunk signal throughout Germany but there are gaps in the coverage pattern, especially — but not only — in the southern states of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg. As the state authorities have the power to allocate frequencies to broadcasters, they prefer the regional public and commercial broadcasters under their jurisdiction.
- ARD ARD: 50 Jahre Erste Reihe. Accessed on 4 January 2009.
- Paulu, Burton Radio and Television Broadcasting on the European Continent Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1967; pp63–69; p187
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