|• Total||12.42 km2 (4.80 sq mi)|
|Elevation||52 m (171 ft)|
|• Density||3,300/km2 (8,400/sq mi)|
|Nearest city||Madurai, Tiruchirappalli|
|Sex ratio||19910:20587 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Sivaganga|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||karaikudi|
Devakottai is a town and first-grade municipality in the Sivaganga district of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Devakottai is situated close to Tiruchirappalli, located near Rameswaram National Highway Road (NH-210).
The name "Devakottai" is derived from the Tamil word "Devi Kottai", meaning "the fort of a Goddess." this god which is called as kottaiamman in this town,belongs to a family called katranpurathar who were the first generation to visit this place which was a forest(meaning kadu in Tamil)cleared everything and made it into a cultivation land for agriculture .Thus they got the name called name katranpurathar(since they cleared the forest).The descendants of this family still live at this place . Devakottai was an active town in the Indian Independence Movement. The municipal court of Devakottai was burned to the ground during the Quit India Movement. Further, the town is one of the historical landmarks of Tamil Nadu with typical building structures and monuments.
Devakottai is now under the Karaikudi constituency following the reformation of constituencies. However, for parliamentary elections, it comes under the Sivaganga constituency.
In the 2001 Indian census, Devakottai had a population of 40,497 (19,910 males and 20,587 females), making the gender ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town 1,034. A total of 4,378 people were under six years of age and the child gender ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 936. The town had an average literacy of 87.9%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 3,455, comprising 9.57% of Devakottai's population, belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 12, comprising 0.03% of the population, belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were a total of 9,094 households in the town.
As of 2001, Devakottai had a total of 10,509 main workers: 291 cultivators, 229 agricultural laborers, 223 in household industries and 9,766 other workers. There was a total of 856 marginal workers: 9 marginal cultivators, 185 marginal agricultural laborers, 31 marginal workers in household industries, and 631 other marginal workers.
Devakottai is situated on Tiruchirappalli - Rameswaram National Highway Road (NH-210). The nearest airport is in Madurai, about 92 km away. The nearest Railway Station is located at Devakottai Road, about 10 km from Devakottai from where frequent bus services are available for Devakottai. Regular bus services are available to all important cities of Tamil Nadu.
The Kandar Sasti Vizha, a festival for the rich culture of Devakottai, has been conducted by Kandar Sasti Vizha Kazhagam for the past 68 years (as of the year 2013) at the Nagara Sivan Kovil, at Devakottai.
- Charles Borromeo, a track and field athlete. He won a gold medal at the 1982 Asian Games in Delhi with a record time of 1:46:81 seconds. He was awarded the Arjuna Award in 1982 and the Padma Shri in 1984 by the Government of India.
- A. R. Lakshmanan, the first Supreme Court Judge from Devakottai particularly from Nagarathar Community. He was also Chief Justice of High Court of Kerala, High Court of Andhra Pradesh. He was the president of the National Law Commission, now he is the member representing Tamil Nadu in Mullaperiyar Dam Commission headed by Justice A. Anand.
- Devakottai Ramanathan, is a popular Tamil language orator and stand-up comedian based in the town of Devakottai in Tamil Nadu, India. Having participated and won in a number of oratorical competitions during the school days, Ramanathan became known to the Tamil TV viewers through Vijay TV's hit TV show "Kalakka Povathu Yaru", a show promoting stand-up comedy in the Tamil Language.
- 2001.tn.nic.in/pca2001.aspx "Primary census abstract 2001". Directorate of Census Operations – Tamil Nadu. 2001. Retrieved 2012-12-29.