|Regions with significant populations|
|Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala|
|Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam|
|Related ethnic groups|
Origins, location and languages
The caste traces its origins to the sage Devala Maharishi. He is also called Devanga Maharshi, created by Shiva. Nowadays, people following this caste are mostly spread in southern Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Pondicherry and Tamil Nadu. The majority of them are weavers of silk and cotton clothes. They follow Veerashaivism or shivaite practices and also follow Lingayit practices and consider Viramustis as their traditional preceptors, from whom they take precepts and wear lingam. Devangas and Padmashalis, another weaving community were originally same community and later divided into two communities when Devangas started following Shivite practices and Padmashali continued as Vaishnavites.
- In North Karnataka Devanga caste is divided into two groups - 1.Kulachaar Devanga 2. Shivachar Devanga. The difference between these two group is only in Wearing the yajnopaveetha (Janivar)by Kulachaar's and Shivadar with linga by Shivachars. Both groups worships goddess Banashankari of Badami.
- In Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh, bulk of weavers belong to Devanga community, followed by Padmashali community and other communities.
- Devangas of Mysore State are divided into several clans:1.Shivachar Devangas, 2. Kannada Devangas (comprising Seeryadavara or from Sira), 3. Telugu Devangas 4. Hatagararu. Some section of Devanga trace their ancestry to Brahmins and consider themselves as Deva Brahmans (Divine Brahmans) and this claim is based on a verse composed by a Devanga priest. Hatagararu are those who gave up lingayitism and started wearing sacred thread. In old Mysore, Lingayat Devangas are strict Shivites and other Devangs worship both Vishnu and Shiva.
- Devangas of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh have 64 exogamous divisions and they were also called as Devangalu, Devra, Devanga Sale, Kodekul etc. in Nizam's Hyderabad. They were also divided linguistically as Telugu Devangas and Carnatic Devangas in Telangana.
The Devanga Purana throws light on the early origins of this caste. In c.1532, Devanga people requested Telugu poet Bhadralinga Kavi to write their kulapuranam and Bhadralinga Kavi composed (translated) Devanga Purana in dasimatra-dvipadi.
Devangas are known for good craftsmanship in weawing clothes of all varieties and they weave superfine quality cotton clothes. Weaving the loom is usually done by men whereas women dye the yarn and spin the thread and children assist in looming etc. They are also very good entrepreneurs and expert in marketing the clothes and some of them are also engaged in other trade like vegetables, groceries etc.
- Acharya, Prasant Kumar. Sacred Complex of Budhi Santani: Anthropological Approach to Study Hindu Civilization (2003 ed.). New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. pp. 240–246. ISBN 9788180690495. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- Swarnalatha, P. (2005). "The Social World of the Weaver". The World of the Weaver in Northern Coromandel, c. 1750 - c. 1850. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan. pp. 39–45. ISBN 9788125028680.
- Iyer, L K A. The Mysore Tribes and Castes, Vol 3. Mittal Publications. pp. 121, 122. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Ul Hassan, Syed Siraj (1920). "xxv, Devanga". The Castes and Tribes of H.E.H. the Nizam's Dominions, Volume 1 1. isbn=9788120604889: Asian Educational Services. pp. 162–165. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- Devangas of Karnataka: A sociological case-study of Kollegal
- http://digital.library.upenn.edu/ebooks/pdfs/0521570425.pdf The transition to a colonial economy: weavers, merchants and kings in. South India, 1720–1800