Development of the administrative divisions of Ukraine

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Administrative divisions development in Ukraine reviews the history of changes in the administrative divisions of Ukraine.

Ukraine[edit]

Ukraine grandfathered the whole Soviet system of administrative division. Cities of republican significance were transformed into cities with special status. In 1992 Crimean abolished autonomous status and changed its name from ASSR into Republic of Crimea, starting a process of separation and integration with Russia. In 1998 Crimea transformed into the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

Soviet Ukraine[edit]

During the existence of the Soviet Ukraine its administration division went through three changes.

Also there existed national raions and national communities (selsoviets). In Ukraine also was established the Moldavian ASSR and later also included Crimean ASSR.

World War II Ukraine[edit]

ReichskommissariatUkraineMap.png
General Government for the occupied Polish territories (1941).png
WWII administrative map of Romania.svg

During the war Ukraine was split between three countries Germany, Romania, and Hungary. Within Germany Ukraine also was divided between Reichskommisariat (centered in Rowno), General Government (Krakau), and Wehrmacht administration closer to the Eastern Front.

Reichskommissariat Ukraine[edit]

Most of Ukraine was under a "civil administration" of Reichskommissariat Ukraine with capital in Rowno. Some territories also included former parts of Belarus. Reichskommissariat was divided into five General-bezirke and one Teil-bezirke Taurien (Krim):

  • Wolhynien und Podolien (Luzk) - 25 Kreisgebiete,
  • Shitomir - 17 Kreisgebiete,
  • Kiew - 24 Kreisgebiete,
  • Nikolajew - 13 Kreisgebiete,
  • Dnjepropetrowsk - 16 Kreisgebiete,
  • Krim (Melitopol) - 5 Kreisgebiete.

Each Generalbezirke consisted of several Kreisgebiete which in turn were divided into selsoviets. Krim, however, did not in reality encompass territory of the Crimean peninsula which was under a special jurisdiction of Wehrmacht. Territories of Ukraine (Donets basin and Sloboda Ukraine) also stayed under the Wehrmacht jurisdiction due to a close proximity to front-lines. It was planned to extend the territory of such Ukraine all the way to Volga river adding some other General-bezirke.

General Government[edit]

The western Ukraine around Lviv was part of the General Government as Distrikt Galizien which was added to already existing four other districts with the start of the Soviet Great Patriotic War. Distrikt Galizien consisted of 13 land-kreis and one stadtkreis (Lemberg). Some other territories that in 1939 were incorporated within Ukrainian SSR were passed to other Distrikts, mostly Krakau.

Romania[edit]

Romania occupied the south-western part of Ukraine, more specifically the area which today constitutes Odessa Oblast eastward of the Dniester and southern Vinnytsia Oblast. Those territories were organized into province of Transnistria. Besides Transnistria, Romania also "recovered" Budjak (Izmail Oblast) and Northern Bukovina (Chernivtsi Oblast) which Romania lost in the beginning of the World War II.

Hungary[edit]

Just before the World War II, Hungary with the help from Poland occupied the Carpatho-Ukraine that was to secede from the falling apart Czechoslovakia after the Munich agreement plus some additional territoroes of Slovakia. Poland in turn also occupied some territories of Silesia.

Oblasts changes in 1954 to 1991[edit]

Before the fall of Soviet Union in 1992 the Ukrainian SSR consisted of 25 oblasts and two cities of republican subordination Kiev and Sevastopol.

In 1991 Crimea became an autonomous republic.

In 1988 on the territory of Chernihiv Oblast was established a new city of Slavutych for victims of the Chornobyl catastrophe. The city was subordinated to the Kiev Oblast.

In 1958 Voroshylovhrad Oblast was renamed into Luhansk, then in 1970 back into Voroshylovhrad, and in 1990 once again into Luhansk.

1954[edit]

Big changes in the administrative division in Ukraine took place in winter of 1954.

Beside the transfer of the Crimean Oblast from Russia to Ukraine on February 19, a new oblast was created on January 7, the Cherkasy Oblast, mostly out of the southern raions of Kiev Oblast. Cherkasy Oblast also included some raions of Poltava Oblast and Kirovohrad Oblast.

On February 15 of the same year Odessa Oblast was merged with Izmail Oblast into the new Odessa Oblast. Several raions of the previous Odessa Oblast were transferred to the neighboring Kirovohrad Oblast and Mykolaiv Oblast.

Polish-Soviet border changes[edit]

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Polish-Soviet border changes

Between 1944 and 1951 the border between Ukrainian SSR and Poland People's Republic changed a lot. There were at least five territorial transfers.

  • October 1944 to Poland were transferred Horynets Raion, Lubachiv Raion, Uhniv Raion, Synyava Raion, and Lyashkiv Raion of the Lviv Oblast.
  • March 1945 to Poland also were transferred Bircha Raion, Liski Raion, and western part of Peremyshl Raion with the city of Peremyshl from the Drohobych Oblast.
  • May 1948 to Poland was also transferred Medyka Raion of Drohobych Oblast.
  • In 1951 Drohobych Oblast yielded Nyzhno-Ustritsa Raion to Poland as well.
  • February 15, 1951 several Polish localities were transferred to Ukraine as part of the territorial exchange which formed Zabuzk Raion with seat in Belz, including the city of Krystynopil. Later Zabuzk Raion was reassigned under the Sokal Raion of Lviv Oblast.
Zakarpattia

Beside Ukrainian-Polish border exchange on January 22, 1946 there also was created the Zakarpattia Oblast out of the newly acquired Czechoslovakia territories where right before the World War II was proclaimed the Carpatho-Ukraine.

A new Kherson Oblast was created already during the war on March 30, 1944 out of the territories of Mykolaiv Oblast and Zaporizhia Oblast.

Before World War II[edit]

Ukraine 1940-1945.png

In 1939 and 1940, the Soviet Union launched an offensive into eastern Poland and eastern Romania. During these operations, the Ukrainian SSR acquired the territories of Volhynia, Halychyna, Bukovina, and Budjak. In the territories of Volhynia and Halychyna, six oblasts were created in 1939: Lviv Oblast, Drohobych Oblast, Stanislav Oblast, Ternopil Oblast, Volyn Oblast, and Rivne Oblast. In 1940, Bukovina was organized as Chernivtsi Oblast and Budjak as Izmail Oblast.

Carpatho Ukraine March 1939.png
Czechoslovakia01.png

Carpatho-Ukraine was overrun by the Kingdom of Hungary in 1939. Prior to that, in the fall of 1938, the southwestern territories of Subcarpathian Rus including the cities of Uzhhorod, Berehove, and Mukacheve were yielded to the Kingdom of Hungary . Some of the newly acquired territories in 1939 were annexed and incorporated as Kárpátalja. Kárpátalja unlike most of the country, however, had a special administrative system with the intention of it being governed by the Ruthenian minority population. In practice, it was not the case. Kárpátalja was divided into three administrative delegations (közigazgatási kirendeltség) which were each divided into four districts (járás). The previously annexed territories of 1938 were divided into Bereg County and Ung County.

National Raions of Ukraine[edit]

List of known national raions of Ukraine existed in 1920s-1930s.

Bulgarians[edit]

Greeks[edit]

Jews[edit]

Part of RSFSR then

Crimean Tatars[edit]

Part of RSFSR then

Poles[edit]

Ukrainians[edit]

Part of RSFSR then

Germans[edit]

(see Високопілляселище міського типу, районний центр, Херсонська область, Високопільський район)

Part of RSFSR then

See also[edit]