Devils Lake, North Dakota
|Devils Lake, North Dakota|
|• Total||6.51 sq mi (16.86 km2)|
|• Land||6.50 sq mi (16.83 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||1,447 ft (441 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||7,231|
|• Density||1,098.6/sq mi (424.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1028672|
|Highways||US 2, ND 19, ND 20|
|Website||City of Devils Lake website|
Devils Lake is a city in Ramsey County, North Dakota, in the United States. It is the county seat of Ramsey County. The population was 7,141 at the 2010 census. It is named after the nearby body of water, Devils Lake. The first house in Devils Lake was built in 1882. It was surveyed in 1883 and named Creelsburg and later Creel City, after the surveyor, Heber M. Creel. In 1884 it was renamed Devils Lake.
The present site of Devils Lake was historically territory of the Sioux or Lakota. The Sioux were relocated to the Spirit Lake Reservation. The name "Devils Lake" is a calque of the Sioux phrase mni wak’áŋ (literally: spirit water), which is also reflected in the names of the Spirit Lake Tribe and the nearby town of Minnewaukan.
The Sioux called the lake mni wak’áŋ chante, which separately translate as mni (water), wak’áŋ (spirit), and chante (bad). Early European-American settlers thought this meant "Bad Spirit Lake", or "Devils Lake." The "bad" referred to the high salinity of the lake, making it unfit to drink, and "spirit" meant the mirages often seen across the water. The Christian concept of the devil was not present in the Sioux religion.
The first post office was founded here November 15, 1882, and originally named Creelsburg. It was founded by Lieutenant Heber M. Creel, a West Point graduate and topgraphical engineer stationed at nearby Fort Totten. After resigning from the U.S. Army, he surveyed and established the townsite.
The surrounding Creel Township is named for him. Its name was later changed to Creel City and expanded by the Great Northern Railway. When the village was incorporated in 1884, the name was changed to City of Devils Lake and then shortened to Devils Lake.
A period of increased rain, beginning in the 1990s and unprecedented in the history of the state, caused the nearby lake, which has no natural outlet, to rise. The surface area has quadrupled, and the higher water has resulted in the moving or destruction of over 400 houses.
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,141 people, 3,229 households, and 1,712 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,098.6 inhabitants per square mile (424.2 /km2). There were 3,481 housing units at an average density of 535.5 per square mile (206.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.9% White, 0.5% African American, 12.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 3,229 households of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.0% were non-families. 41.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.80.
The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 21.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 19.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.
As of the 2000 Census, there were 7,222 people, 3,127 households, and 1,773 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,149.4 inhabitants per square mile (443.8 /km2). There were 3,508 housing units at an average density of 558.3 per square mile (215.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.23% White, 0.22% African American, 7.84% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 2.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population.
There were 3,127 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.3% were non-families. 37.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,250, and the median income for a family was $39,541. Males had a median income of $27,972 versus $18,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,741. About 11.2% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.
The city of Devils Lake is served by Devils Lake Public Schools. This system operates Sweetwater Elementary School, Prairie View Elementary School, Minnie H Elementary School, Central Middle School, and Devils Lake High School. A private school, St. Joseph's Catholic School, is also located in Devils Lake.
- Devils Lake Storm of North Dakota American League Baseball
- Devils Lake Firebirds
- 8 WDAZ (8.1 ABC, 8.2 The CW, 8.3 Weather) - digital only - licensed with news bureau in Devils Lake, but based in Grand Forks
- 25 KMDE (25.1 & 25.2 PBS/Prairie Public Television, 25.3 Minnesota Channel) - digital only
- 89.9 KDVI American Family Radio (Christian)
- 90.7 KABU (Tribal radio - Spirit Lake Indian Reservation)
- 91.7 KPPD Prairie Public Radio/NPR (Public/Classical/Jazz)
- 95.3 KKWZ (CP for new station), owned by De La Hunt Broadcasting
- 96.7 KQZZ "The Mix" (Hot Adult Contemporary)
- 102.5 KDVL "Cruiser 102" (Classic Hits)
- 103.5 KZZY "Double Z Country" (Country)
- 104.5 K283AM broadcast translator of KHRT-FM of Minot, ND (contemporary Christian music)
Amtrak, the U.S. national passenger rail system, serves Devils Lake, operating its Empire Builder daily in both directions between Chicago and Seattle and Portland, Oregon. Great Lakes Air Lines also operates two flights daily to the Devils Lake Municipal Airport from Minneapolis St. Paul International Airport.
Sites of interest
- Devils Lake Town and Country Club
- Devils Lake Basin Joint Water Resource Board http://www.dlbasin.com
- Phyllis Frelich, Tony Award winning deaf actress
- William L. Guy, Governor of North Dakota
- Rick Helling, pitcher with several Major League Baseball teams
- Mary Wakefield, Administrator of Health Resources and Services Administration
In Popular Culture
- Devils Lake was a featured location in a fourth season episode of the popular Syfy series Warehouse 13 titled "Personal Effects," though its establishing shot had little in common with town's actual topography and more closely resembled the North Dakota badlands.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Ramsey County History
- Buechel, Eugene. (1970) Lakota-English Dictionary. Pine Ridge, SD: Red Cloud Indian School.
- Williams, Mary Ann (Barnes) (1966). Origins of North Dakota place names. Bismarck, North Dakota: Bismarck Tribune, 1966. pp. 20; 236. OCLC 431626.
- "Hidatsa Lessons Vocab2". Hidatsa Language Program. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- Wick, Douglas A. (1988). North Dakota Place Names. Bismarck, N.D.: Hedemarken Collectibles. p. 48. ISBN 0-9620968-0-6. OCLC 191277027.
- Dave Kolpack, "North Dakota lake swallows land and buildings", Denver Post, September 22, 2010.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved June 1, 2013.
- City of Devils Lake official website
- Devils Lake Chamber of Commerce
- Mother Nature In Charge: Devils Lake Life Stories Documentary produced by Prairie Public Television