Devonshire-class cruiser (1903)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Devonshire class cruiser (1903))
Jump to: navigation, search
HMS Antrim LOC ggbain 19125.jpg
HMS Antrim
Class overview
Name: Devonshire
Operators: RN Ensign Royal Navy
Preceded by: Monmouth class
Succeeded by: Duke of Edinburgh class
Built: 1902–1905
In commission: 1905–1922
Completed: 6
Lost: 2
Scrapped: 4
General characteristics
Type: Armoured cruiser
Displacement: 10,850 long tons (11,020 t) (normal)
Length: 473 ft 6 in (144.3 m) (o/a)
Beam: 68 ft 6 in (20.9 m)
Draught: 24 ft (7.3 m)
Installed power: 21,000 ihp (16,000 kW)
17 Yarrow boilers; 6 cylindrical boilers
Propulsion: 2 × Shafts
2 × 4-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines
Speed: 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph)
Complement: 610
Armament:
Armour:

The Devonshire class was a class of six armoured cruisers of the British Royal Navy, launched in 1903–1904 at a cost of around £850,000 each.

The ships were designed for commerce protection, and the design was similar to the Monmouth class except that the twin 6 inch (152 mm) turrets and the forward double casemates were replaced by four 7.5 inch (190 mm) single turrets in a diamond arrangement. The 7.5 inch gun was introduced because the all – 6 inch gun armament of the Monmouth class was no longer adequate to deal with the latest likely commerce raiding threats.

All ships of the class served in World War I. Argyll was wrecked, and Hampshire was sunk by a naval mine. The four survivors were disposed of soon after the end of the war.

Ships[edit]

  • Antrim, launched on 8 October 1903, sold for breaking up on 19 December 1922.
  • Argyll, launched on 3 March 1904, wrecked on 28 October 1915.
  • Carnarvon, launched on 7 October 1903, sold for breaking up on 8 November 1921.
  • Devonshire, launched on 30 April 1904, sold for breaking up on 9 May 1921.
  • Hampshire, launched on 4 September 1903, sunk by a naval mine on 5 June 1916.
  • Roxburgh, launched on 19 January 1904, sold on 8 November 1921.

Building Programme[edit]

The following table gives the build details and purchase cost of the members of the Devonshire class. Standard British practice at that time was for these costs to exclude armament and stores. The 1905 edition costs were compiled before the ships were complete.

Ship Builder Engine
Maker
Date of Cost according to
Laid Down Launch Completion (BNA 1905)[1] (BNA 1906)[2]
Devonshire Chatham Dockyard Thames Ironworks 25 Mar 1902 30 Apr 1904 24 Aug 1905 £900,792 *** £818,167
Antrim John Brown, Clydebank John Brown 27 Aug 1902 8 Oct 1903 23 Jun 1905 £899,050 *** £873,625
Argyll Scott, Greenock Greenock Foundry 1 Sep 1902 3 Mar 1904 December 1905 £912,588 *** £873,598
Carnarvon Beardmore Humphrys 1 Oct 1902 17 Oct 1903 29 May 1905 £899,465 *** £858,130
Hampshire Armstrong, Elswick Hawthorn 1 Sep 1901 24 Sep 1903 15 Jul 1905 £872,327 *** £833,817
Roxburgh London & Glasgow
Shipping Company
London & Glasgow
Shipping Company
13 Jun 1902 9 Jan 1904 5 Sep 1905 £866,199 *** £829,327

*** = cost published by Brassey before the ship was complete. i.e. The total cost may have been more than this.

Bibliography[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Cwt" is the abbreviation for hundredweight, 12 cwt referring to the weight of the gun.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Brassey's Naval Annual 1905, p234-243
  2. ^ Brassey's Naval Annual 1906, p208-215

External links[edit]