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Devrim at Tülomsaş.jpg
Last sample of Devrim at TÜLOMSAŞ
Manufacturer Eskişehir Demiryolu Fabrikası (TÜLOMSAŞ)
Production 4 units
Model years 1961
Assembly Eskişehir

The car is designed and engineered from scratch by Turkish Engineers. Body and interior is designed by:

  • Eng. Nurettin Erguvanlı M.Sc.
  • Eng. Ercan Türer M.Sc.
  • Architect Kemal Elagöz M.Sc.
Body and chassis
Class Middle sized, road type.
Layout Rear wheel drive

2000cc carbureted, straight 4 engines, 10 units produced:

  • Type A4L Sidevalve engine, 50 HP at 3650 rpm (4 units),
  • Type A4T Overhead valve engine, 60 HP at 3650 rpm (3 units),
  • Type B3T Overhead valve engine, 70 HP at 3650 rpm (4 units).

manual, 10 units produced:

  • Type A (3 units)
  • Type B (4 units)
Length 4500 mm
Width 1800 mm
Height 1550 mm
Curb weight 1250 kg
Successor Anadol A1

Devrim (pronounced [devˈɾim], English: Revolution) was the first ever automobile designed and produced in Turkey.

Automotive Industry Congress[edit]

On 15 May 1961, the Otomotiv Endüstri Kongresi (Automotive Industry Congress) was opened by President Cemal Gürsel. In his inaugural speech, he said:

After the congress, Gürsel issued his order to build a prototype engine and car meeting the requirements of the country. These prototypes would be compared with the best cars of the time, the shortcomings would be identified, and project development work would be undertaken in order to produce the best possible car in Turkey.

Design and production of Devrim[edit]

In 1961, President Cemal Gürsel ordered 24 engineers, working in various companies, to build a car fully designed and produced in Turkey. It was to be demonstrated during the Republic Day celebrations on October 29, 1961.

After 130 days of hasty labor at the workshop in Eskişehir, which later became the TÜLOMSAŞ factory, the engineers managed to make four prototypes of the automobile. One was black, and the others were cream coloured. It was named Devrim (the Turkish word for Revolution.)

Technical specifications of Devrim

Two of the cars were shipped to Ankara for the Republic Day celebrations. The black car was painted while on the train to Ankara. None of the cars had gasoline in them, as a safety precaution, and the cars were filled with little fuel, only for maneuvering. On the day of the celebrations, President Cemal Gürsel got in the black car for a ceremonial ride. After proceeding approximately a hundred meters, the vehicle came into a halt. While there are many theories ranging from sabotage to an engine and/or fuel system component failure, the exact cause is likely a simple mistake made by the driver Rıfat Serdaroğlu who forgot to put extra fuel in the tank just before the ceremony. Thus the car could not take a complete tour around the Turkish Parliament, as previously planned. Then the President got in one of the cream cars (which was filled up earlier) and went to Anıtkabir with it. The newspaper headlines in the following day were, "Devrim went 100 meters, and it broke down." The car became the subject of jokes for many years.

Devrim was never mass-produced. One reason for that was the cars were crafted prototypes and the production process was not well-documented, with almost no technical drawings remaining from the production phase.[citation needed] Another reason was that the demand was not high enough to make mass production feasible.[citation needed] Cars were still affordable for a small economic minority in Turkey, who preferred to buy American and European cars, and as such, there was only a small number of potential private buyers.

Conspiracy theories[edit]

A popular conspiracy theory about the failure of mass production suggests that the American auto giants, who sold most of the foreign cars in Turkey back in the early 1960s (even the Police cars were GM and Ford models, especially Chevrolet, until the late 1970s) had approached the Turkish government to cancel the project, and it was decided to keep the relations smooth between the two close NATO allies.

Five years later, in 1966, Anadol became Turkey's first mass production passenger car, produced by Otosan (a joint venture between Ford Motor Company of the United States and Koç Holding of Turkey.)


Three of the prototypes were destroyed, their engines converted to diesel generators, but the last one is kept, in working condition, inside the TÜLOMSAŞ factory in Eskişehir, where it was built. The story of the building process and hard efforts of the 24 engineers who worked on Devrim automobiles became the subject of a documentary film, which was released in Turkey in 2008. In late 2010, students from the National University of Science and Technology in Pakistan developed a hybrid car with inspiration from Devrim, and named this car Devrim II.

External links[edit]