Dewas State

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Dewas State (Junior Branch)
देवास
Princely State of British India
1728–1948

Flag of Dewas

Flag

History
 -  Established 1728
 -  Independence of India 1948
Area
 -  1901 1,100 km2 (425 sq mi)
Population
 -  1901 54,904 
Density 49.9 /km2  (129.3 /sq mi)
Dewas State (Senior Branch)
देवास
Princely State of British India
1728–1948

Flag of Dewas

Flag

History
 -  Established 1728
 -  Independence of India 1948
Area
 -  1901 1,160 km2 (448 sq mi)
Population
 -  1901 62,312 
Density 53.7 /km2  (139.1 /sq mi)

Dewas State was a territory within Western India, which was the seat of two Maratha princely states during the British Raj: 'Dewas Junior' - Jivaji Rao ('Dada Saheb') and Dewas Senior - Tukaji Rao ('Baba Saheb'). On 12 December 1818 Dewas State became a British protectorate.

History[edit]

The seats were established in 1728 by two brothers from the Pawar clan, who advanced into Malwa with the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao, and divided the territory among themselves after the Maratha conquest.[1]

The two rajas heading Dewas state both lived in separate residences in the town of Dewas, and ruled over separate areas.[2]

The junior branch had an area of 440 sq mi (1,100 km2) and had a population of 54,904 in 1901, while the senior branch had an area of 446 sq mi (1,160 km2) and a population of in 62,312 in the same year. Both Dewas states were in the Malwa Agency of the Central India Agency. After India's independence in 1947, the Rajas of Dewas acceded to India, and their states were integrated into Madhya Bharat, which became a state of India in 1950. In 1956, Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh state.[3]

Rulers (Junior Branch)[edit]

HH Maharaja Sadashiv Rao Puar of Dewas Jr

Rajas[edit]

  • 1728 - 15 Aug 1774 Jivaji Rao Puar "Dada Sahib" (d. 1774)
  • 15 Aug 1774 - 2 Dec 1790 Sadashiv Rao I Puar (d. 1790)
  • 2 Dec 1790 - 1817 Rukmangad Rao Puar (b. 17.. - d. 1817)
  • 1817 - 1840 Anand Rao Puar "Rao Sahib" (d. 1840)
  • 1840 - 12 May 1864 Haibat Rao Puar (d. 1864)
  • 12 May 1864 - 19 Jan 1892 Narayan Rao Puar "Dada Sahib" (b. 1860 - d. 1892)
  • 12 May 1864 - 1877 Yamuna Bai Sahib -Regent + Rao Bahadur R.J. Bhide (superintendent)
  • 19 Jan 1892 - 1 Jan 1918 Malhar Rao Puar "Bhava Sahib" (b. 1877 - d. 1934) (from 1 Jan 1917, Sir Malhar Rao Puar)
  • 19 Jan 1892 - 10 Aug 1913 Lala Bisheshas Nath -Regent

Maharajas[edit]

  • 1 Jan 1918 - 4 Feb 1934 Sir Malhar Rao Puar "Bhava Sahib" (s.a.)
  • 4 Feb 1934 - 2 Dec 1943 Sadashiv Rao II Puar "Khasi Sahib" (b. 1887 - d. 1943)
  • 2 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947 Yeshwant Rao Puar "Bhav Sahib" (b. 1905 - d. 1965) (from 14 Aug 1947, Sir Yeshwant Rao Puar)

Rulers (Senior Branch)[edit]

HH Maharaja Tukoji Rao III Puar of Dewas Sr

Rajas[edit]

  • 1728 - 16 Nov 1754 Tukaji Rao I Puar (b. c.1696 - d. 1754)
  • 16 Nov 1754 - 24 Mar 1789 Krishnaji Rao I Puar (b. 1740 - d. 1789)
  • 16 Nov 1754 - 1756 Rani Savitribai (f) -Regent
  • 24 Mar 1789 - 28 Sep 1827 Tukaji Rao II Puar (b. 1783 - d. 1827)
  • 24 Mar 1789 - 4 Oct 1794 Rani Gangabai (f) -Regent
  • 28 Sep 1827 - 26 Jul 1860 Rukmangad Tukaji Rao Puar (b. 1821 - d. 1860) "Khasi Sahib"
  • 28 Sep 1827 - 1835 Bhawanibai Raje Sahib (f) -Regent (d. 1835)
  • 26 Jul 1860 - 12 Oct 1899 Krishnaji Rao II Puar (b. 1849 - d. 1899) "Baba Sahib"
  • 26 Oct 1860 - 23 Mar 1867 Maharani Yamunabai (f) -Regent (b. 1829 - d. 1909)
  • 12 Oct 1899 - 1 Jan 1918 Tukaji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao (b. 1888 - d. 1937) Bapu Sahib" (from 12 Dec *1911, Sir Tukaji Rao III Puar)

Maharajas[edit]

  • 1 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1937 Sir Tukoji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao (s.a.) Bapu Sahib" (fled to Pondicherry, French India 26 Jul 1934)
  • 21 Dec 1937 - 23 Mar 1947 Vikramasimha Rao Puar "Nana Sahib" (b. 1910 - d. 1983) (from 12 Jun 1941, Sir Vikramasimha Rao Puar) (administrator from 26 Jul 1934)
  • 11 Aug 1941 - 15 May 1943 Maharani Pramulabai (f) -Regent (b. 1910 - d. 2008) (1st time)
  • 23 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947 Maharani Pramulabai (f) -Regent (s.a.) (2nd time)
  • 23 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947 Krishnaji Rao III Puar "Aba Sahib" (b. 1932 - d. 1999)
  • 21 Jan 1947 - 21 Jan 1994 Krishnaji Rao III Puar "Aba Sahib" (b.1932 - d. 2008)
  • 21 Jan 1994 - Present Tukoji Rao IV Puar (b.1963 - present)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

[4]

  1. ^ Mayer, Adrian C. (1960). Caste and Kinship in Central India: A Village and Its Region: International library of sociology and social reconstruction. University of California Press. p. 13. ISBN 9780520017474. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Lethbridge, Sir Roper (1893). The golden book of India: a genealogical and biographical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire. Macmillan. p. 116. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  4. ^ "Narendra Modi Biography". 

Coordinates: 22°58′N 76°04′E / 22.96°N 76.06°E / 22.96; 76.06