Dewey Medal

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Battle of Manila Bay or "Dewey" Medal
DeweyObverse.jpg
Obverse
Awarded by United States Department of the Navy
Type Commemorative medal
Eligibility Officers and men of the ships of the Asiatic Squadron of the United States under the command of Commodore George Dewey
Awarded for Participation in the Battle of Manila Bay on May 1, 1898
Status Obsolete
Statistics
Established June 3, 1898[1]
First awarded 1898
Order of Wear (1972)
Next (higher) Organized Marine Corps Reserve Medal[2]
Next (lower) Sampson Medal[2]
Dewey Reverse.jpg
Cardenas Medal ribbon bar.png
Reverse and ribbon of the medal

The Dewey Medal was a military decoration of the United States Navy which was established by the United States Congress on June 3, 1898. The medal recognizes the leadership of Admiral of the Navy George Dewey, during the Spanish-American War, and the sailors and marines under his command.[1]

Criteria[edit]

The Dewey Medal was created to recognize the forces of the U.S. Navy and United States Marine Corps who participated in the Battle of Manila Bay. To be awarded the Dewey Medal, a service member must have served on one of the following naval vessels on May 1, 1898:

The Dewey Medal was a one-time only decoration and there were no devices or campaign stars authorized to the medal. The medal consists of a circular medallion, upon which rests an image of Admiral George Dewey, suspended from a blue and yellow ribbon. Admiral Dewey himself was awarded the medal, although he always wore it with the medal's reverse displayed which depicted a sailor sitting on a gun. Dewey had the rare distinction of being one of only four Americans entitled to wear a medal with their own image on it. The others were Rear Admiral William T. Sampson (Sampson Medal), Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd (Byrd Antarctic Expedition Medal) and General of the Armies John J. Pershing (Army of Occupation of Germany Medal).

The medal was recognized as being given for active military duty; yet because it recognized a single battle in a single campaign, the Dewey Medal was a commemorative medal. When worn on a military uniform the Dewey Medal was considered senior to the Sampson Medal.[3]

Appearance[edit]

This medal was designed by celebrated artist Daniel Chester French, who sculpted the statue of a seated Lincoln in Washington's Lincoln Memorial and the "Minuteman" at Concord, Mass. The medal was struck by Tiffany & Co. The front, or obverse, depicts a bust of Commodore George Dewey. On the back, or reverse, is included the name of the vessel on which the recipient served. The name of the recipient is engraved on the medal's lower rim, this being one of only two service medals issued officially named to the recipient.[4]

References[edit]