Dewsbury (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 53°41′28″N 1°40′19″W / 53.691°N 1.672°W / 53.691; -1.672

Dewsbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Dewsbury in West Yorkshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
County West Yorkshire
Electorate 79,634 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Dewsbury and Mirfield
Current constituency
Created 1868
Member of Parliament Simon Reevell (Conservative)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Dewsbury is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Simon Reevell of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

Dewsbury's seat dates back to 1868 and the electorate has usually given the winning MP marginal majorities which means it is a marginal seat. Labour MPs served the seat from 1935 until 1983 and again from 1987 until 2010 when it was gained by Simon Reevell, a Conservative.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency covers the towns of Dewsbury and Mirfield, and the surrounding areas.

For the 2010 general election, Dewsbury lost the more pro-Labour ward of Heckmondwike, but gained the more Conservative-inclined wards of Denby Dale and Kirkburton, which helped the Conservative candidate gain the seat.[citation needed]

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat has a substantial Muslim population and a few rural parts. The seat has close to national average income and several developments have desirable outlooks as the upland town cuts into the Pennines and relatively few people rely upon social housing.[2] In the light of increasing concern of Muslim extremism, The Labour Party candidate Shahid Malik enjoyed a fairly large public media profile after his victory in 2005 in various TV appearances and interviews, strongly denouncing believers and adherents of such views; however, this is also a strong area for the British National Party, who obtained their highest vote in Britain (13.1%) in the 2005 general election, much of it taken at the Labour Party's expense. They also have a substantial vote at local level where in 2006 for the first time in the UK the BNP polled more votes than any other party standing. However, at the 2010 general election, the BNP's popularity in Dewsbury fell (despite a substantial nationwide rise in support for the party compared five years ago) as they gained a mere 6% of the vote.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1868 Sir John Simon Liberal
1888 Mark Oldroyd Liberal
1902 Walter Runciman Liberal
1918 Emil William Pickering Coalition Conservative
1922 Benjamin Riley Labour
1923 Thomas Edmund Harvey Liberal
1924 Benjamin Riley Labour
1931 Walter Russell Rea Liberal
1935 Benjamin Riley Labour
1945 Will Paling Labour
1959 David Ginsburg Labour
1981 Social Democrat
1983 John Whitfield Conservative
1987 Ann Taylor Labour
2005 Shahid Malik Labour
2010 Simon Reevell Conservative

Election results[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, May 2010
Turnout: 54,008 (68.5%) +6.5
Conservative gain from Labour
Majority: 1,526 (2.8%) −9.2
Swing: 7.8% from Lab to Con
Simon Reevell Conservative 18,898 35.0 +6.0
Shahid Malik Labour 17,372 32.2 −9.5
Andrew Hutchinson Liberal Democrat 9,150 16.9 +3.3
Khizar Iqbal Independent 3,813 7.1 N/A
Roger Roberts BNP 3,265 6.0 −7.1
Adrian Cruden Green 849 1.6 +0.1
Michael Felse English Democrats 661 1.2 N/A
General election, May 2005
Electorate: 62,245
Turnout: 38,595 (62.0%) +3.2
Labour hold
Majority: 3,615 (12%) −8.3
Swing: 4.2% from Lab to Con
Shahid Malik Labour 15,807 41.0 −9.5
Sayeeda Warsi Conservative 11,192 29.0 −1.2
Kingsley Hill Liberal Democrat 5,624 14.6 +2.6
David Exley BNP 5,066 13.1 +8.6
Brenda Smithson Green 593 1.5 0.0
Alan Girvan Independent 313 0.8 N/A
General election, June 2001
Turnout: 36,651 (58.8%) −11.2
Labour hold
Majority: 7,449 (20.3%) +1.0
Swing: 0.5% from Con to Lab
Ann Taylor Labour 18,524 50.5 +1.1
Robert Cole Conservative 11,075 30.2 +0.1
Ian Cuthbertson Liberal Democrat 4,382 12.0 +1.7
Russell Smith BNP 1,632 4.5 −0.7
Brenda Smithson Green 560 1.5 +0.6
David Peace UKIP 478 1.3 N/A
General election, May 1997
Turnout: 43,975 (70.0%) −10.2
Labour hold
Majority: 8,323 (19.3%) +18.2
Swing: 9.2% from Con to Lab
Ann Taylor Labour 21,286 49.4 +5.6
Paul McCormick Conservative 12,963 30.1 −12.7
Kingsley Hill Liberal Democrat 4,422 10.3 −1.0
Frances Taylor BNP 2,232 5.2 +4.1
Wendy Goff Referendum Party 1,019 2.4 N/A
David Daniel Independent Labour 770 1.8 N/A
Ian McCourtie Green 383 0.9 +0.1
General election, April 1992
Electorate: 72,839
Turnout: 58,402 (80.2%) +2.4
Labour hold
Majority: 634 (1.1%) +0.3
Swing: 0.2% from Con to Lab
Ann Taylor Labour 25,596 43.8 +1.4
John Whitfield Conservative 24,962 42.7 +1.1
Robert Meadowcroft Liberal Democrat 6,570 11.3 N/A
Jane Birdwood BNP 660 1.1 N/A
Neil Denby Green 471 0.8 N/A
Janet Marsden Natural Law 146 0.3 N/A
General election, June 1987
Electorate: 70,836
Turnout: 55,798 (78.8%) +7.9
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 445 (0.8%) −4.1
Swing: 2.4% from Con to Lab
Ann Taylor Labour 23,668 42.4 +7.1
John Whitfield Conservative 23,223 41.6 +2.3
Alan Mills Social Democrat 8,907 16.0 −9.3
General election, June 1983
Electorate: 70,623
Turnout: 51,573 (70.8%) −6.3
Conservative gain from Social Democrat
Majority: 2,086 (4.0%) −4.9
Swing: 6.5% from Lab to Con
John Whitfield Conservative 20,297 39.4 +1.6
Denis Ripley Labour 18,211 35.3 −11.4
David Ginsburg Social Democrat 13,065 25.3 N/A
General election, May 1979
Electorate: 63,379
Turnout: 48,857 (77.1%) +4.2
Labour hold
Majority: 4,381 (9.0%) −6.4
Swing: 3.2% from Lab to Con
David Ginsburg Labour 22,829 46.7 +1.3
R Galley Conservative 18,448 37.8 +7.7
N Derbyshire Liberal 7,580 15.5 −9.0
General election, October 1974
Electorate: 61,493
Turnout: 44,846 (72.9%) −8.4
Labour hold
Majority: 6,901 (15.4%) +4.5
Swing: 2.3% from Con to Lab
David Ginsburg Labour 20,378 45.4 +3.0
M Wood Conservative 13,477 30.1 −1.6
A Allsop Liberal 10,991 24.5 −1.4
General election, February 1974
Electorate: 61,000
Turnout: 49,859 (81.8%) +7.2
Labour hold
Majority: 5,412 (10.9%) +0.8
Swing: 0.4% from Con to Lab
David Ginsburg Labour 21,186 42.5 −6.3
I J Humphrey Conservative 15,774 31.6 −7.0
A Allsop Liberal 12,889 25.9 +13.2
General election, June 1970
Electorate: 60,544
Turnout: 45,171 (74.5%) −3.4
Labour hold
Majority: 4,547 (10.1%) −14.8
Swing: 7.4% from Lab to Con
David Ginsburg Labour 22,015 48.7 −4.8
J M Stanfield Conservative 17,468 38.7 +9.9
A Allsop Liberal 5,688 12.6 −5.1
General election, March 1966
Electorate: 55,180
Turnout: 42,981 (77.9%) −1.6
Labour hold
Majority: 10,666 (24.8%) +10.7
Swing: 5.3% from Con to Lab
David Ginsburg Labour 23,027 53.6 +5.2
D H Haynes Conservative 12,361 28.8 −5.4
A Allsop Liberal 7,593 17.7 +0.2
General election, October 1964
Electorate: 55,341
Turnout: 44,009 (79.5%) −3.2
Labour hold
Majority: 6,238 (14.2%) +6.1
Swing: 3.1% from Con to Lab
David Ginsburg Labour 21,284 48.4 +2.4
B M Garden Conservative 15,046 34.2 −3.7
A Allsop Liberal 7,679 17.5 +1.2
General election, October 1959
Electorate: 54,894
Turnout: 45,392 (82.7%) +1.9
Labour hold
Majority: 3,669 (8.1%) −8.5
Swing: 4.3% from Lab to Con
David Ginsburg Labour 20,870 46.0 −6.2
Marcus Fox Conservative 17,201 37.9 +2.4
J M McLusky Liberal 7,321 16.1 +3.8
General Election 1955: Dewsbury[5]

Electorate 55,257

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Thomas Paling 23,286 52.1 -1.1
Conservative Michael Norman Shaw 15,869 35.5 -0.9
Liberal Joseph Stanley Snowden 5,516 12.4 +2.0
Majority 7,417 16.6 -0.2
Turnout 44,671 80.8 -5.0
Labour hold Swing -0.1
General Election 1951: Dewsbury[6]

Electorate 62,680

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Thomas Paling 28,650 53.3 -0.4
Conservative JE Ramsden 19,562 36.4 +3.4
Liberal Joseph Stanley Snowden 5,584 10.4 -3.0
Majority 9,088 16.9 -3.7
Turnout 53,796 85.8 -2.1
Labour hold Swing -1.9
Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, February 1950
Electorate: 62,259
Turnout: 54,740 (87.9%) +7.6
Labour hold
Majority: 11,265 (20.6%) −5.8
Swing: 2.9% from Lab to Con
Will Paling Labour 29,341 53.6 −2.7
J Ramsden Conservative 18,076 33.0 +3.1
George Granville Slack Liberal 7,323 13.4 −0.5
General election, July 1945
Electorate: 36,217
Turnout: 29,027 (80.3%) −0.5
Labour hold
Majority: 7,656 (26,4%) +8.7
Will Paling Labour 16,330 56.3 +9.1
Maj. Ernest Kilner Liberal National 8,674 29.9 N/A
Capt. Thomas Mercer Banks Liberal 4,023 13.4 −9.4

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Labour: Benjamin Riley, Liberal: Ronald Walker, Conservative:

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, 1935
Turnout: 29,797 (80.81%) -3.42
Labour gain from Liberal
Majority: 5,268 (17.68%) -9.68
Benjamin Riley Labour 14,066 47.21 +10.89
J Fennell National Labour 8,798 29.53 N/A
Walter Russell Rea Liberal 6,933 23.27 -40.41
General election, 1931
Turnout: 30,564 (84.23%)
Liberal gain from Labour
Majority: 8,362 (27.36%)
Walter Russell Rea Liberal 19,463 63.68
Benjamin Riley Labour 11,101 36.32
General election, 1929
Electorate: 36,250
Labour hold
Majority: 3,813
Benjamin Riley Labour 14,420
Ronald Fitzjohn Walker Liberal 10,607
J W W Shuttleworth Unionist 6,175
General election, 1924
Electorate: 28,677
Labour gain from Liberal
Majority: 2,425
Benjamin Riley Labour 9,941
F W Skelsey Unionist 7,516
Thomas Edmund Harvey Liberal 6,723
General election, 1923
Electorate: 28,431
Liberal gain from Labour
Majority: 2,256
Thomas Edmund Harvey Liberal 11,179
Benjamin Riley Labour 8,923
General election, 1922
Electorate: 28,145
Labour gain from Unionist
Majority: 756 (3.3%)
Benjamin Riley Labour 8,821
Thomas Edmund Harvey Liberal 8,065
Osbert Peake Unionist 6,744

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Walter Runciman
General Election 1918: Dewsbury[7]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Emil William Pickering 7,853 42.3
Labour Benjamin Riley 5,596 30.1 N/A
Liberal Walter Runciman 5,130 27.6
Turnout
Coalition Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election December 1910: Dewsbury[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Runciman 7,061
Conservative E. O. Simpson 4,033
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election January 1910: Dewsbury[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Runciman 7,882
Conservative E. O. Simpson 4,747
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Dewsbury by-election, 1908[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Runciman 5,594
Conservative W. B. Boyd-Carpenter 4,078
Labour Ben Turner 2,446
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Walter Runciman
General Election 1906: Dewsbury[8]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Runciman 6,764 54.8 +6.6
Conservative W. B. Boyd-Carpenter 2,954 24.0 -14.2
Labour Ben Turner 2,629 21.2 +7.6
Turnout 12,347 89 +1
Majority 30.8 +21.0
Liberal hold Swing +10.4
Dewsbury by-election, 1902[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Runciman 5,660 48.1
Conservative Joe Haley 4,512 38.3
Social Democratic Federation Harry Quelch 1,597 13.6
Turnout
Majority 1,148 9.8
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1900: Dewsbury[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mark Oldroyd 6,045 60.1
Conservative F. St J. Morrow 3,897 39.2
Turnout
Majority 2,148 20.2
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Mark Oldroyd
General Election 1895: Dewsbury[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mark Oldroyd 5,379 52.1
Conservative H. S. Cautley 3,875 37.5
Ind. Labour Party Edward Hartley 1,080 10.4 N/A
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1892: Dewsbury[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mark Oldroyd 5,759
Conservative H. S. Cautley 3,670
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Dewsbury by-election, 1888[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mark Oldroyd 6,075 60.5
Liberal Unionist H. O. Arnold-Forster 3,969 39.5
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
1886: Dewsbury[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Simon 5,118 65.1
Conservative J. S. Colefax 2,759 34.9
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
1885: Dewsbury[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Simon 6,124
Conservative Joe Foz 3,664
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2001 Census
  3. ^ "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Dewsbury". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1950-1970, Craig, F.W.S.
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results 1950-1970, Craig, F.W.S.
  7. ^ a b c d Christopher J. James, M.P. for Dewsbury, p.291
  8. ^ a b c d The Liberal Year Book (1917), p.231
  9. ^ a b c d The Constitutional Year Book 1908, p.189

Sources[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.