|• Mayor||Hubert Horn (FWG)|
|• Total||5.69 km2 (2.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||201 m (659 ft)|
|• Density||250/km2 (640/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Dexheim's history began long before its first documentary mention. Finds within Dexheim's municipal limits have yielded information about the Germani who lived here. These artefacts can be seen at the Roman-Germanic Central Museum (Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum) in Mainz. When the Romans needed bricks to build their castra, they took as their raw material the loam from Dexheim to shape and fire into bricks.
In 774 Dexheim had its first documentary mention in a donation document in which Charlemagne bequeathed a great estate to the Lorsch Abbey. The second documentary mention is contained in an act in which King Arnulf of Carinthia donated the church at Dexheim to the Fulda Abbey.
Dexheim was a Free Imperial Village, paying taxes only to the Emperor. Its coat of arms was a silver cross with the red “Imperial Apple”. With the neighbouring places of Nierstein and Schwabsburg it became the site of the common court. In 1376 it passed to the Oberamt of Oppenheim and remained with it until the Electoral Palatinate was no more.
Until then the village had already had many landlords. For lack of money – something similar had already happened earlier – the Emperor had pledged Dexheim in 1315 to the Archbishop of Mainz, redeeming it in 1353.
The Thirty Years' War was frightful for Dexheim. A document from 1647, and thus one year before the Peace of Westphalia, gives an impression. Almost all the houses were destroyed; only the palace of the Lords of Dienheim and a few houses nearby were habitable.
Dexheim’s importance is also underscored by the names of noble families that had holdings here. Found here, among others, are names such as:
- Electoral Court Chamber (Kurfürstliche Hofkammer)
- Oppenheim Monastery (Stift Oppenheim)
- Maria Kron Monastery (Kloster Maria Kron), Oppenheim
- Domstift Mainz
- Lords of Gemmingen
- Lords of Dienheim
- Lords of Frankenstein
- Lords of Schmittburg
- Lords of Geißpisheim
Remnants of the church from the 9th century likely form the lower part of the Evangelical parish church’s tower.
In 1816 Dexheim passed to the Grand Duchy of Hesse. It belonged to the Mainz district and later, in 1851, it passed to the Oppenheim district. It therefore has much history in common with the neighbouring places of Nierstein, Schwabsburg and Oppenheim; along with them it is also in the Verbandsgemeinde of Nierstein-Oppenheim.
After world war II the US Army (123rd Main Support Battalion) remained here for many years until Anderson Barracks closed in 2008 and the Institute for Federal Real Estate (Germany) took over responsibility for the site.
The council is made up of 16 council members with the mayor as chairman (17 votes), and with seats apportioned thus:
Coat of arms
The municipality’s arms reflect its history as an Imperial village. As such, Dexheim was allowed to bear arms charged with the black Imperial Eagle with red claws and beak on a golden field. Later, when the municipality became an Electoral Palatinate holding, it forwent introducing arms showing the Palatine lion in favour of the old Imperial Eagle, which it kept until the end of the 18th century. In the 19th century, however, the Dexheim arms were forgotten.
Only in the mid 20th century was the Imperial Eagle reintroduced into the municipality’s arms. However, it was wrongly assumed then that Dexheim had borne a globus cruciger in its arms. The actual historical arms, though, are charged only with the Imperial Eagle.
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden am 31.12.2012". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2013.
- As Thechidesheim in document no. 82 in: MGH, Diplomata: Die Urkunden Pippins, Karlmanns und Karls des Großen (Pippini, Carlomanni, Caroli Magni Diplomata). Published by Engelbert Mühlbacher in collaboration with Alfons Dopsch, Johann Lechner and Michael Tangl. Berlin 1906, p. 118 image
- As Dechidesstein in document no. 58 in: MGH, Diplomata: Die Urkunden Arnolfs (Arnolfi Diplomata). Published by Paul Kehr. Berlin 1940, pp. 82–85 image
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dexheim.|
- Municipality’s official webpage (German)
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.