Dexter, Iowa

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Dexter, Iowa
City
Location of Dexter, Iowa
Location of Dexter, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°30′56″N 94°13′38″W / 41.51556°N 94.22722°W / 41.51556; -94.22722Coordinates: 41°30′56″N 94°13′38″W / 41.51556°N 94.22722°W / 41.51556; -94.22722
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Dallas
Area[1]
 • Total 2.35 sq mi (6.09 km2)
 • Land 2.35 sq mi (6.09 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,142 ft (348 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 611
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 625
 • Density 260.0/sq mi (100.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50070
Area code(s) 515
FIPS code 19-21225
GNIS feature ID 0455902

Dexter is a city in Dallas County, Iowa, United States. The population was 611 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Des MoinesWest Des Moines Metropolitan Statistical Area. Dexter was named after the famous trotting horse Dexter.

History[edit]

Dexter was founded in 1868.[4]

The city is famous for being the site of a July 23, 1933, shootout between members of the Barrow gang and police from as far away as Des Moines.[5][6] On September 18, 1948, Dexter was the site of a national plowing match at which President Harry Truman delivered a speech attacking the 80th Congress for its record in regard to the American farmer. This speech is considered one of the most important of his 1948 Whistle Stop campaign that turned the tide of the election and returned him to the White House.[6][7][8][9][10]

Geography[edit]

Dexter is located at 41°30′56″N 94°13′38″W / 41.51556°N 94.22722°W / 41.51556; -94.22722 (41.515617, -94.227115).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.35 square miles (6.09 km2), all of it land.[1]

The community is immediately north of Interstate 80.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1880 704 —    
1890 607 −13.8%
1900 795 +31.0%
1910 767 −3.5%
1920 790 +3.0%
1930 748 −5.3%
1940 760 +1.6%
1950 643 −15.4%
1960 670 +4.2%
1970 652 −2.7%
1980 678 +4.0%
1990 628 −7.4%
2000 689 +9.7%
2010 611 −11.3%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 611 people, 257 households, and 178 families residing in the city. The population density was 260.0 inhabitants per square mile (100.4/km2). There were 284 housing units at an average density of 120.9 per square mile (46.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.5% White, 1.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, and 0.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 257 households of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.7% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 36.3 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.4% were from 45 to 64; and 13.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 689 people, 259 households, and 190 families residing in the city. The population density was 578.2 people per square mile (223.5/km²). There were 270 housing units at an average density of 226.6 per square mile (87.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.82% White, 0.29% Native American, 1.31% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.

There were 259 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,375, and the median income for a family was $44,861. Males had a median income of $30,395 versus $22,361 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,990. About 4.3% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ The History of Dallas County, Iowa: Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, &c. Higginson Book Company. 1879. p. 466. 
  5. ^ http://texashideout.tripod.com/Dexfield.html Dexfield Park Bad Day for Buck and Blanche retrieved on July 16, 2009
  6. ^ a b http://home.mchsi.com/~cityofdexter/Area%20Attractions.htm City of Dexter website retrieved on July 16, 2009
  7. ^ http://www.trumanlibrary.org/photographs/view.php?id=1323&rr= Photograph from Truman Presidential library retrieved on July 16, 2009
  8. ^ http://www.trumanlibrary.org/photographs/view.php?id=3495&rr= Photograph from Truman Presidential library retrieved on July 16, 2009
  9. ^ http://cgi.cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/1996/analysis/back.time/9609/23/ CNN: 1996 All Politics Mowing 'Em Down retrieved on July 16, 2009
  10. ^ http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=13000 Address at Dexter, Iowa, on the Occasion of the National Plowing Match, September 18, 1948, retrieved on July 16, 2009
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Iowa, a guide to the Hawkeye State by Federal Writers Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of Iowa, page 494, first published August 1939, fifth printing April 1959, Hastings House Publishers, Inc.

External links[edit]