Dexter Scott King
|Dexter Scott King|
January 30, 1961 |
Documentary film maker
|Known for||Son of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Chairman, The Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change
Dexter Scott King (born January 30, 1961) is the second son of civil rights leaders Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King. His siblings are Martin Luther King III, the Reverend Bernice Albertine King, and the late Yolanda Denise King.
King was born in Atlanta, Georgia, and named after the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, where his father was pastor before moving to the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia. His eldest sister Yolanda watched after him. He was seven years old when his father was assassinated. King and his siblings were assured an education thanks to the help of Harry Belafonte, who set up a trust fund for them years prior to their father's death. King attended the Democratic National Convention in 1972, which led him to gain an interest in politics.
King attended Morehouse College, his late father's alma mater. He studied business administration, but did not graduate. He later became an actor and documentary filmmaker.
In May 1989, King's mother named the twenty-eight year old as her successor as president of the King Center. Before his mother's choice, King openly expressed interest in changing the King Center into "a West Point of nonviolent training." Dexter Scott King served as president of the King Center for Nonviolent Social Change, but resigned only four months after taking the office after a dispute with her. He resumed the position in 1994, but the King Center's influence was sharply reduced by then. As President, he cut the number of staff from 70 to 14 and shut down a child care center among a shift from conventional activities to prioritizing preserving his father's legacy. Reflecting, King admitted that the time was not right since he was "probably moving faster than the board was ready to."
Support of Conspiracy Theory
Twenty-nine years after Martin Luther King, Jr.'s death, Dexter met with James Earl Ray, the man imprisoned for his father's 1968 murder. He believes that Ray was not involved with the assassination. When confronting him, King asked Ray if he was the murderer of his father. Once he claimed he was not, King and Ray discussed the latter's health and the actions of J. Edgar Hoover. King also told him that his family believed in his testament of innocence and were seeking to help him. The two spoke privately after 25 minutes with reporters, and King asserted to reporters that he did not know and it was the cause of their request for a new trial. As he asserted that he did not believe Ray had any role in his father's death, he brought up evidence taken from the scene such as the murder weapon and concluded that Ray would not have disposed of it near the scene of the crime, calling his belief as having been in his "gut."
At a 1999 press conference, Coretta Scott King stated that "there is abundant evidence of a major high level conspiracy in the assassination of my husband, Martin Luther King, Jr. ... the conspiracy of the Mafia, local, state and federal government agencies, were deeply involved in the assassination of my husband. The jury also affirmed overwhelming evidence that identified someone else, not James Earl Ray, as the shooter, and that Mr. Ray was set up to take the blame." Following statements by Dexter King and other family members, Dexter was subsequently asked by a reporter, "there are many people out there who feel that as long as these conspirators remain nameless and faceless there is no true closure, and no justice." He replied:
"No, he [Mr. Lloyd Jowers] named the shooter. The shooter was the Memphis Police Department Officer, Lt. Earl Clark who he named as the killer. Once again, beyond that you had credible witnesses that named members of a Special Forces team who didn't have to act because the contract killer succeeded, with plausible denial, a Mafia contracted killer".
His belief towards a conspiracy extended to President Lyndon B. Johnson. He believed that with the evidence he was shown, there would be difficulty "for something of that magnitude to occur on his watch and he not be privy to it." King pursued Andrew Young to get him involved, and Young changed his position on the assassination of his father after being visited by Dexter in the spring of 1997. His position had always been "that it didn't matter who killed Dr. King but what killed him."
Dexter charged the Atlanta-Journal Constitution with "viciously attacking" his family after the newspaper printed a claim by a German television that his sister Bernice wanted $4,000 or $5,000 for a ten minute interview, which King denied.
King's mother, Coretta Scott King, died on January 30, 2006, at the age of 78 on his birthday.
Dexter's elder sister, Yolanda, collapsed at the home of her best friend, Philip Madison Jones, on May 15, 2007. King called his aunt Christine King Ferris and reported that he had tried to save her, but was not successful and was transporting her to the hospital. She could not be revived and died at the age of 51. Her family believes she had a heart condition. Dexter spoke to her just an hour before her death, and did not think much of it when she told him she was tired due to her "hectic" schedule. In regards to his sister's passing and the role she had played in his life, King stated:
"She gave me permission. She allowed me to give myself permission to be me".
It was reported in the Atlanta-Journal Constitution that in July 2013, Dexter married his fiancée Leah Weber in a private ceremony in California.
On July 11, 2008, 'Dexter King was sued by his sister Bernice Albertine King and brother Martin Luther King III; in addition, he was sued by Bernice King on behalf of the estate of Coretta King. The lawsuit alleged that Dexter King improperly took funds from the estate of Coretta King and his father Martin Luther King, Jr.. On August 18, 2008, Dexter King filed a countersuit stating his siblings had "breached their fiduciary and personal duties to the King Center in Atlanta and their father’s estate, misused assets belonging to the center, and kept money that should have been channeled back into the center and the estate."
These lawsuits were filed in Fulton County, GA Superior Court and were settled out of court in October 2009. In 2010, the three supported that year's census, seemingly indicating they had reaffirmed their relationships since the dispute.
- Growing Up King: An Intimate Memoir (2003)
- "First Christmas without him. Inside MLK's home in 1968". Youtube.
- "King's Kids Assured Education by Belafonte". Jet. April 18, 1968.
- Dexter Scott King. Ebony. January 1987.
- "Martin Luther King's Son Makes Rap Record For His Holiday". Jet. December 9, 1985.
- Firestone, David. "A civil rights group suspends, then reinstates, its president." The New York Times, July 26, 2001. Retrieved on 2008-08-28.
- "Rev. King's Son, Dexter, Resigns From Position as President of the King Center". Jet. August 28, 1989.
- "Son Dexter To Take Reign of The King Center in Atlanta". Jet. February 6, 1989.
- Dyson, p. 270.
- Harrison, Eric (March 28, 1997). "King's Son Meets Ray, Agrees He's Not Assassin". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
- Dexter King Visits James Earl Ray in Prison; Says He Believes Ray is Innocent. Jet. April 14, 1997.
- Who Killed King?. Ebony. May 1997.
- The Transcription of the King Family Press Conference on the MLK Assassination Trial Verdict
- Sack, Kevin (June 20, 1997). "Son of Dr. King Asserts L.B.J. Role in Plot". New York Times.
- "Dexter King: I Think LBJ Knew About Assassination". Orlando Sentinel. June 20, 1997.
- Curry, pp. 489-490.
- Dyson, p. 261.
- Farris, p. 189.
- Haines, Errin (May 24, 2007). "Hundreds Mourn Eldest of King Children". The Washington Post.
- "Hundreds pay tribute to Yolanda King". USA Today. May 24, 2007.
- Poole, Sheila; Ernie Suggs (July 15, 2013). "Dexter King marries longtime girlfriend Leah Weber". Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
- Dexter King Sues Brother and Sister
- Lawsuit exposes growing rift among King children
- "2010 Census Message: The King Family". Youtube. May 4, 2010.
- Dyson, Michael Eric (2000). I May Not Get There with You: The True Martin Luther King, Jr. Free Press. ISBN 978-0684867762.
- Curry, George (2003). The Best of Emerge Magazine. One World/Ballantine. ISBN 978-0345462282.
- MLK Conspiracy Trial (Scroll down to questions and answers by Dexter King):
- Dexter Scott King[dead link]
- Biography - Dexter Scott King[dead link]
- King family lawsuit called ‘disheartening’