Dey Street Passageway

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The Dey Street Headhouse at the southwest corner of Dey Street and Broadway
Inside the passageway

The Dey Street Passageway or Dey Street Concourse is an underground passageway in Manhattan as part of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Capital Construction Program and as part of the Fulton Center project to rehabilitate the Fulton Street complex and improve connectivity in Lower Manhattan.[1] The Dey Street Passageway lies under Dey Street in Lower Manhattan between Broadway in the eastern end, and Church Street in its western end. The Dey Street Passageway will be part of a greater east-west corridor between the Seaport District and the World Financial Center and Battery Park.

Concept[edit]

During the planning stage of the Fulton Center project, there were numerous alternatives for a passageway connecting Church Street and the Fulton Street complex. These alternatives included a pedestrian tunnel, with a paid transfer, under Fulton Street. Various configurations within the Fulton Center main building were also planned, including a diagonal link between a tunnel under Dey Street and the A C trains mezzanine in the Fulton Center transit hub. After much analysis, it was decided that a 40-foot (12 m) wide tunnel was to be built under Dey Street, without a paid transfer between the Fulton Street complex and the Cortlandt Street station.

The MTA's decision to disallow a paid transfer was on the premise that Broadway and Church Streets are critical north-south streets. An unpaid passageway would allow non-passengers to move throughout Lower Manhattan, without having to cross those streets. Furthermore, the passageway is planned to directly connect the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, which will open in the World Trade Center site in 2015, as well as the other World Trade Center buildings, and a new passageway to the World Financial Center.[2]

However, due to budgetary concerns, the tunnel width had been rescaled from 40 feet (12 m) to 29 feet (8.8 m).[3]

Construction[edit]

The head house in February 2012

The contract for the construction of the passageway was given on July 29, 2005 to Slattery Skanska.[3] Construction began in 2005, with the closure of the Cortlandt Street station on the BMT Broadway line, which closed on August 20, 2005 and Dey Street proper. Cut and cover construction was used to construct the tunnel. A building at the corner of Dey Street and Broadway was demolished on January 29, 2007, to allow the creation for a head house or entrance for the new facility.[4]

The tunnel will be 29 feet (8.8 m) wide; it was intended to be 40 feet (12 m) wide, but due to financial costs it had to shrink in size. It will link the exit in the middle of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms of the Fulton Street complex with the World Trade Center Transportation facility.

With the conclusion of cut and cover construction, Dey Street reopened to traffic on November 24, 2008.[5] The uptown platform of the Cortlandt Street station reopened on November 25, 2009.[6] Fit-out work of much of the Dey Street Passageway, including the placement of floor and wall tiles, is underway as of August 5, 2012.[7]

On September 6, 2011, a portion of the Dey Street Passageway opened up as the underpass of the N R trains at Cortlandt Street.[8] This permitted the reopening of the southbound platform, which does not have street-level access on the western side of Church Street. A white false wall separates the opened underpass with the rest of the passageway, which has yet to be opened. A progress presentation from the MTA on June 2012 had suggested that there will be fare control at the underpass/passageway level, along with elevator access.

The headhouse was originally expected to open on July 31, 2012, but opened on October 8, 2012. Currently, it serves as an entrance for the southbound 4/5 trains, but will eventually serve as the main access point for the long-anticipated Dey Street Passageway, following interior fit-out of the passageway.

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