Dezhou

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Dezhou
德州市
Prefecture-level city
Dezhou6.jpg
ChinaShandongDezhou.png
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shandong
County-level divisions 11
Municipal seat Decheng District
(37°26′N 116°16′E / 37.433°N 116.267°E / 37.433; 116.267)
Government
 • CPC Secretary Lei Jianguo (雷建国)
 • Mayor Wu Cuiyun (吴翠云)
Area
 • Total 10,356 km2 (3,998 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 5,586,200
 • Density 540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0534
License Plate Prefix N
Website http://www.dz.gov.cn/

Dezhou (Chinese: 德州; pinyin: Dézhōu) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the southeast, Liaocheng to the southwest, Binzhou to the northeast, and the province of Hebei to the north.

Administration[edit]

Dezhou-mcp.png

The municipality of Dezhou comprises thirteen county-level sub divisions:[2]

Districts of the city of Dezhou[edit]

Cities[edit]

Cities (县级市 xianji shi) administered by Dezhou are:

Counties[edit]

Counties (县 xian) administered by Dezhou are:

Transport[edit]

Dezhou lies on the main rail route from Beijing to Shanghai,which is known as Jinghu Railway. It is also one of the 23 stations on the exclusive Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway. Dezhou has always been an important transport hub since ancient times, with its reputation of "Junction of Nine Arteries" (九达天衢)and "Portal of the Capital" (神京门户)gradually established. In addition to two railways (the other is Shide Railway leading to Shijiazhuang), National Highway 104, 105 and some provincial roads cross the city as well. The Yellow River and the Grand Canal (China) both run through it.

Tourism[edit]

Dezhou's biggest historical attraction is the tomb of Sultan Paduka Pahala of Sulu (Philippines), who died in Dezhou on his return journey from a visit to the Yongle Emperor in 1417. The tomb is well preserved and has been declared a national heritage site. Descendants of the sultan's Muslim followers still live in Dezhou today, and are classified as the Hui minority.

One of Dezhou's county Lingxian used to be a big county in China in history, when it was called Pingyuan County. Now part of the ancient city wall of Tang Dynasty still exists in the south of the region. Before the Three Kingdoms formed, one of the three emperors Liu Bei used to be the chief of the county, together with his fellows Guan Yu and Zhang Fei. In addition, it is the hometown of Dongfang Shuo (东方朔), the most well-known adviser during the rein of Emperor Wu of Han ; In Tang Dynasty, a major figure of Chinese calligraphy, Yan Zhenqing, once took office as the administrator of the county. Today, a memorial hall for the two historic figures is built in the People's Park of Lingxian, where a lot of materials of Dongfang Shuo and stone inscriptions of Yan Zhenqing are preserved.

For tourist attractions, there is also a famous temple in Qingyun County. It's called Haidao Jinshan Temple, which is one of the biggest centers of Buddhism in Northern China. The most attractive scene is the underground aisle where the portrait of the hell is presented using high technology.

Industry[edit]

A new industrial zone hailed as the "Solar Valley" is being built for experimenting with clean- energy urban projects and massive use of household utilities such as solar-powered water-heaters. The Washington Post describes Dezhou's Solar Valley as the "clean-tech version of Silicon Valley".[3]

Nowadays one of the biggest and most famous industries in Dezhou is solar energy industry, with two main corporations included—Himin Group (皇明集团) and its partner Ecco Solar Group(亿家能集团). Dezhou increased its international reputation when it was selected to follow previous hosts,[4] Daegu, South Korea (2004), Oxford, UK (2006) and Adelaide, Australia (2008) as host of the 2010 International Solar City Congress.[5] Himin Group has developed into the world's largest solar water heater manufacturer and is also discovering new areas such as photoelectricity.

Greenpeace China cited Dezhou in May 2009 as an example of how renewable energy can become a more common reality throughout the world.[6]

Dezhou also houses the world's largest solar-powered office building, covering around 75,000 square meters.[7][8]

Education[edit]

Dezhou University is a comprehensive University which was approved by the National Education Committee in March 2000. It is the aggregation of Dezhou Teachers’ College, Dezhou Education College and Evening College Municipality, which has a 30 year history.

Miscellaneous[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]