Dhaka Medical College and Hospital
|Dhaka Medical College and Hospital|
|Campus||Urban, 25 acres (0.101 km²)|
Dhaka Medical College and Hospital (DMCH) is a medical college in Bangladesh. It is situated at Bakshibazar area of Dhaka city. It is neighboured by University of Dhaka and Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology.
Though the college did not have a building of its own at the beginning, the present hospital building was there from long ago, even before the Partition of Bengal of 1905. It was established in 1904 as the secretariat of the newly formed province East Bengal and Assam. During that period not doctors, but bureaucrats used to roam in its busy corridors.
In 1921, when University of Dhaka began its journey, the building was handed over to the University administration. At that time, a part of this huge building was used as the University's Medical Center, another part as students' dormitory and the rest as the administrative wing of the Arts faculty. During the World War II it changed its color again, when it became American Base Hospital. At the end of the war Americans left, but the hospital remained. Through the course of time, the 100-bed hospital of that time is Bangladesh's largest hospital today.Now DMCH is a 2300 bed hospital after adding 500 beds more on the 3rd octobor 2013 with the previous 1700 beds.(This new 500 beds were added in a new building known as DMCH-2.Medinine dept is gradually being shifted to the new building (DMCH-2).DMCH-2 will emerge with bone marrow transplantation facility very soon.)
In 1939, Dhaka University Council requested to the British Government to establish a medical college in Dhaka, but the proposal was postponed due to second world war. After the war, Dhaka Medical College was established and in 1946, the college began admitting students in all years. The 1st year was named K-5, 2nd year K-4, 3rd year K-3, 4th year K-2, and 5th year K-1. All the students except K-5 had migrated from Calcutta Medical College. The main reason behind it was the partition of 1947. Presently about half of the students are females but at the beginning there were none. Academic class started on 10 July which is celebrated as "DMC DAY".
Major W J Virgin, the head of the committee formed before establishing Dhaka Medical College, was the first principal. At the beginning it has only four departments – Medical, Surgery, Gynaecology and ENT. Since the college did not have Anatomy and Physiology departments at first, the students had their classes in Mitford Medical School. After a month, Prof. Pashupati Basu of Anatomy and Prof Hiralal Saha of Physiology joined the staff and the classes began in ward no. 22 of the hospital. There was no lecture gallery or dissection hall at that time. These needs were met after the foundation of the college building in 1955. The institute did not have any hostel for students. Male students were allowed to reside in Dhaka University's student halls, but girls had to attend classes from their homes. The college and hospital premises were expanded in new temporary sheds, some of which were built for outdoor services of the hospital and some others for students' hostels. New buildings for hostel, college and hospital were constructed in phases: a hostel for girls in 1952, a hostel for male students in 1954–55, a new complex of academic buildings in 1955, and a hostel for internee doctors in 1974–75. A new academic and hospital building, Dhaka Medical College Hospital-2 (DMCH-2), was inaugurated by Prime Minister Shiekh Hasina on October 3, 2013.
Every year, after passing HSC nearly 58000 (Fifty Eight thousand) top applicants from all over the country sit for the medical college entrance examination. Top 200 students out of 58000 get opportunity to study in Dhaka Medical College. Different batches of Dhaka Medical College are named with the prefix K, as for example batch K-69 which is the latest batch in DMC arena. The origin of the prefix K is not well known and there are different opinions such as K being the 11th letter of the English alphabet signifies the 11th medical college of the Indian subcontinent, K is for Kolkata as many of the students came from Calcutta Medical college and were admitted straight to 3rd, 4th or even 5th year. Another source indicates that K stands for Klinical batch (Latin). Whatever the meaning is, at this moment 'K' is the identity of almost 10,000 ex and present students of DMC.
|1.||Dr. Major W J Virjin||01.07.46 – 14.08.47|
|2.||Dr. Colonel E G Montgomery||15.08.47 – 19.07.48|
|3.||Professor T Ahmed||19.07.48 – 01.01.52|
|4.||Dr. Colonel A K Afridi||01.01.50 – 20.03.53|
|5.||Professor Nowab Ali||21.03.53 – 10.04.54|
|6.||Professor A K M A Wahed||11.04.54 – 20.01.55|
|7.||Professor Nowab Ali||21.01.55 – 01.02.57|
|38.||Professor Quazi Deen Mohammad||27.01.08 –|
Role in National history
DMC was involved in all the national movements of Bangladesh. Dhaka Medical College dormitory (known as Barrack) was the heart of the language movement from 1948 to 1952. The Barrack was situated at the same place where Central Shaheed Minar is right now. There was about 20 tin shed barracks where the medical students resided. Being close to the Parliament of East Pakistan (presently Jagannath Hall of DU), the medical dormitory was chosen as the centre of the student movement due to strategic reasons. From early hours of 21 February 1952 all students of Dhaka gathered in front of medical college dormitory. The procession was headed for the parliament as the session was being held. As section 144 was imposed, no procession was possible. But the courageous students decided to break section 144 at 4:00 PM from the historical "Aam-tola" (which was situated beside the present day Emergency gate). The police fired at the procession without any mercy. Salam, Barkat, Rafique, Jabbar and Shafiur died a tragic death.
After sundown 21 February, at the very spot flooded by the martyrs' blood, the students of Dhaka Medical College decided to build a monument. They worked overnight on 22–23 February and finished the construction, using bricks, gravel and cement reserved for the hospital.
The students of DMC played a vital role in the student and mainstream politics of the 60's as well. When the military government of Ayub Khan started torturing the political leaders, the central student leaders took refuge in the Bakshibazar students' dormitory. Most of the meetings deciding the upcoming line of action were held in the college campus. During the movement protesting the martial law and the Hamidur Rahman Education Commission, DMC and its dormitory were only a safe refuge for the student leaders. Many students of this institution participated actively in it.
On 20 January 1969 police fired and charged on the procession of students near the present emergency gate and student leader Asaduzzaman was severely injured. He was admitted in the hospital but breathed his last in ward no. 8 before any treatment was possible. The students of the medical colleges led a procession with the blood stained shirt of Shaheed Asad. Shortly after the students of Dhaka University had raised the flag of independent Bangladesh in the "Bot tala" of DU on 2 March 1971, the doctors of DMCH raised it at the peak of present Doctors' Cafeteria. Dhaka Medical College had also made its mark in the mass uprising of 90's. The doctors actively participated in the movement protesting the anti people health policy of the government of that time under the banner of BMA. 
Liberation War, 1971
Students, nurse, staffs and doctors who had passed from DMC played a major role in the war of our independence. Many of them were engaged in the battlefield, while others treated the injured freedom fighters in the hospital risking their lives. Almost all the doctors working at DMCH used to help the injured freedom fighters by admitting them under false names. Dr. Fazle Rabbi. Moazzem Hossain, Selim ahmed, Ali Hafiz Selim, Abu Yusuf Mia, Iqbal Ahmed faruq, Muzibul Haque, Mostafa Jalal Mahiuddin, Mozaffar, amzad Hossain, Wali, Osman, Golam Kabir, Zillur Rahim, Dalu, Nurujjuman, Shahadat and many more students took part in the war as liberation fighter. Many of them fought in the Dhaka city.
Facilities and achievements
Dhaka Medical College has two museums. National Forensic DNA Profiling laboratory is first of its kind laboratory in Bangladesh. This laboratory is to assist the investigation concerning murder, rape, paternity, maternity, immigration, distribution of wealth among successors, deformed dead bodies and other cases needing identification.
Shahjahan Hafiz, a student in the fifties was a leading Rabindra songs artist in the East Pakistan Radio. The notable alumni of DMC includes current Foreign Minister Dr Dipu Moni, current Health Minister Professor Dr Ruhul Huq, Health Advisor to the Prime Minister Dr. Syed Modasser Ali, former President of Bangladesh Dr. A.Q.M. Badruddoza and many other distinguished personalities.
DMC became champions and runners up in Debate Competition organised by Bangladesh television more than once; came third in 'Gyan Jiggasa' in 1985 and Champions in 1987 – a national general knowledge competition of Bangladesh Television. Dr. Rifat Haider of Batch K59 became champion on 2008 in the Bangladesh chapter of World Quizzing Championship and Dr. Ahmad Fayezi Tamal of Batch K64 became champion for four times (2009,2011,2012,2013) in this competition. Sheikh Mahmood Hasan of Batch K64 and Rajat Das Gupta of Batch K66 became runner up in that competition on 2010 and 2011 respectively. Dhaka Medical College quiz team became champion in IFIC Bank DQS-SSMC Carnival Captive 2013 competing among 68 teams on 2013. Dhaka Medical College has many voluntary organisations namely Computer Club of Dhaka Medical College, Debating Club of DMC, Rotaract Club, Medicine Club etc.
Dhaka Medical College Debating Club (DMCDC) is Pioneer in Medical college Debating History. After being established in 2009, DMCDC has hosted two national debate festival with huge success. Present Debate team of Dhaka Medical College became champion in the TIB-DMCDC National Anti-Corruption Day Debate Competition 2012. They are also runner-up team of SK-F NDFBD DMCDC National Inter-Medical College Debate Competition 2011. The Debate team also owns the title of Runner-up in '1st Bangladesh Television Environmental Debate Competition '.
Dhaka Medical College Football team won Tarubala shield in 1947 organised by district sports association. Captain Mirza Mazharul Islam beat renowned Clubs like Wari on its way to wonn the title. Athletics Secretary of first DMCSU (1949–50) was Mazharul Islam Damal who expressed his sporting ability by creating a Bang as the opening batsman of Pakistan 'A' cricket team. Dhaka Medical College Cricket team achieved the pride of becoming Dhaka division champion in 1962–63 season.
Clubs and associations
- Medicine Club, DMC Unit
- Sandhani, DMC branch
- Computer Club of DMC (CCDMC)
- Ex-Cadets' Association of DMC (ECADMC)
- Debating Club
Dhaka Medical College Alumni Trust was formed in 1989. Former principal & professor Wali Ullah was the founder-president.