Dhaka Medical College and Hospital

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Dhaka Medical College and Hospital
Dhaka Medical College Logo.jpg
Established 1946
Type Public
Admin. staff 3,406
Students 1,050
Location Dhaka, Bangladesh
Campus Urban, 25 acres (0.101 km²)
Nickname DMC
Website www.dmc.edu.bd

Dhaka Medical College and Hospital (DMCH) is a medical college located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is situated at the Bakshibazar area of Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh. The college is close to the University of Dhaka and the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology.


Hospital Building

At the beginning, the college did not have a building of its own. The present building existed before the Partition of Bengal of 1905. The building was first used, in 1904, as the secretariat (headquarters) of the newly formed provinces of East Bengal and Assam.

In 1921, when the University of Dhaka began its journey, the building was handed over to the University administration. At that time a part of this huge building was used as the University's Medical Center, another part as the students' dormitory and the rest as the office of the administrative wing of the Arts faculty.

In 1939, the Dhaka University Council requested that the British Government establish a medical college in Dhaka. The proposal was postponed because of the onset of the Second World War.

During World War II it became an American Armed Forces hospital. The Americans left at the end of the war, but the hospital remained.

Dhaka Medical College was established in 1946 and the college began admitting students. Academic classes started on July 10 which is celebrated as "DMC DAY". The 1st year batch was named K-5, 2nd year K-4, 3rd year K-3, 4th year K-2, and 5th year K-1. All the students except K-5 had transferred from the Calcutta Medical College. The main reason behind this was the partition of India. At first there were no female students but now about half of the students are females.

Over time, the original 100-bed hospital has grown to become Bangladesh's largest hospital. After adding 500 beds on October 3, 2013, DMCH is now a 2300 bed hospital. The new beds were added in a new building known as DMCH-2. The Medinine (Medical Center) is gradually being shifted to the new building, DMCH-2, which will open with a bone marrow transplantation facility very soon.

Major W J Virgin, the head of the committee formed to establish the Dhaka Medical College, was the first principal. At the beginning there were only four departments – Medical, Surgery, Gynecology and Otolaryngology (ENT). Since the college did not initially have a Anatomy nor a Physiology department the students attended those classes at Mitford Medical School(now the Sir Salimullah Medical College). After a month, Professor of Anatomy Pashupati Basuand and Professor of Physiology Hiralal Saha joined the staff and the classes began in ward no. 22 of the hospital.

There was no lecture hall or dissection gallery at the time. These needs were met after the foundation of the college building in 1955. The institute did not have any student housing. Male students were allowed to reside in the Dhaka University's student halls, but female students did not have the facility. The college and hospital premises were expanded with temporary sheds, some of which were built for outdoor services of the hospital and some for student housing. New buildings for housing, college and hospital were constructed in phases: a dormitory for girls in 1952, a dormitory for male students in 1954–55, a new complex of academic buildings in 1955, and a dormitory for internee doctors in 1974–75. A new academic and hospital building, Dhaka Medical College Hospital-2 (DMCH-2), was inaugurated by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on October 3, 2013.

Entrance examination[edit]

Every year, after passing the Higher Secondary Certificate examinations, nearly 65,000 (sixty five thousand) applicants from all over the country sit for the medical college entrance examination. The top 200 students get the opportunity to study at the Dhaka Medical College. Each class of the Dhaka Medical College are named with the prefix K and a number, such as class K-71 (the latest class at the Dhaka Medical College.)


Serial Name Period
1. Dr. Major W J Virgin 01.07.46 – 14.08.47
2. Dr. Colonel E G Montgomery 15.08.47 – 19.07.48
3. Professor T Ahmed 19.07.48 – 01.01.52
4. Dr. Colonel A K Afridi 01.01.50 – 20.03.53
5. Professor Nowab Ali 21.03.53 – 10.04.54
6. Professor A K M A Wahed 11.04.54 – 20.01.55
7. Professor Nowab Ali 21.01.55 – 01.02.57
38. Professor Quazi Deen Mohammad 27.01.08 –

Role in national history[edit]

The Dhaka Medical College has been involved in all the national movements of Bangladesh. Dhaka Medical College dormitory (known as Barrack) was at the heart of the language movement from 1948 to 1952. Barrack was formerly situated at the current location of the Central Shaheed Minar

There were about 20 tin shed barracks where the medical students resided. Being close to the Parliament of East Pakistan (presently Jagannath Hall of Dhaka University). For strategic reasons the medical dormitory was chosen as the center of the student movement.

In the early hours of February 21, 1952, all the students of Dhaka Medical College gathered in front of the medical college dormitory. In the afternoon the group headed for the parliament which was in session. No procession was allowed due to the imposition of Section 144(a section of the penal code that prohibited unlawful assembly). The students decided to defy Section 144 at 4:00 PM at the historic "Aam-tola" (which was situated beside the present day Emergency gate).

The police fired at the procession, resulting in the deaths of Salam, Barkat, Rafique, Jabbar and Shafiur.

After sunset on February 21st, at the site of the deaths, the students of Dhaka Medical College decided to build a monument. They worked continuously on the 22nd and 23rd of February and finished the construction, using bricks, gravel and cement reserved for the hospital.

The students of DMC played a vital role in the student and mainstream politics of the 60s as well. When the military government of Ayub Khan started torturing opposing political leaders, the central student leaders took refuge in the Bakshibazar student dormitory. Most of the meetings deciding the upcoming line of action were held on the college campus. During the movement protesting the martial law and the Hamidur Rahman Education Commission, DMC and its dormitories were the only safe refuge for the student leaders. Many students of this institution actively participated.

On January 20, 1969, police charged and fired at a procession of students near the present emergency gate. Student leader Asaduzzaman was severely injured. He was admitted to the hospital but died in ward no. 8 before any treatment was possible. The students of the medical college led a procession with the blood stained shirt of Shaheed Asad. Shortly after the students of Dhaka University raised the flag of independent Bangladesh at the "Bot Tala" area of DU. On March 2, 1971, the doctors of DMCH raised it at the peak of present Doctors' Cafeteria. Dhaka Medical College had also made its mark in the mass uprising of the 90s. The doctors actively participated in the movement protesting the anti-health policy of the government of that time under the banner of BMA.[1]

Liberation War, 1971[edit]

Students, nurses, staff and doctors who had passed from DMC played a major role in the war of independence. Many of them were engaged in the battlefield, while others risked their lives to treat the injured freedom fighters in the hospital. Almost all the doctors working at DMCH helped the injured freedom fighters by admitting them under false names. Dr. Fazle Rabbi. Moazzem Hossain, Selim ahmed, Ali Hafiz Selim, Abu Yusuf Mia, Iqbal Ahmed faruq, Muzibul Haque, Mostafa Jalal Mahiuddin, Mozaffar, amzad Hossain, Wali, Osman, Golam Kabir, Zillur Rahim, Dalu, Nurujjuman, Shahadat and many more students took part in the war as liberation fighters. Many of them fought in the Dhaka city.

Facilities and achievements[edit]

In order for students to post graduate, they must undergo intensive preparation. If desired, one can justify themselves online. To justify your post graduation admission preparation Click here. Sample questions and model tests are provided, which can aid in this process.

Dhaka Medical College has two museums. The National Forensic DNA Profiling laboratory is the first of its kind in Bangladesh. The laboratory assists in investigations concerning murder, rape, paternity, maternity, immigration, distribution of wealth among successors, deformed dead bodies and other cases needing identification.

Shahjahan Hafiz, a student in the fifties was a leading Rabindra song artist in the East Pakistan Radio. The notable alumni of DMC includes former Foreign Minister Dr Dipu Moni, former Health Minister Professor Dr Ruhul Huq, former Health Advisor to the Prime Minister Dr. Syed Modasser Ali, former President of Bangladesh Dr. A.Q.M. Badruddoza and many other distinguished personalities.

DMC became champions and runners up in the Debate Competition organised by Bangladesh television more than once and came in third at 'Gyan Jiggasa' (a national general knowledge competition of Bangladesh Television) in 1985 and Champions in 1987. Dr. Rifat Haider of Batch K59 became champion in 2008 at the Bangladesh chapter of World Quizzing Championship and Dr. Ahmad Fayezi Tamal of Batch K64 became champion four times (2009,2011,2012,2013) in the same competition. Sheikh Mahmood Hasan of Batch K64 and Rajat Das Gupta of Batch K66 became runner up in that competition in 2010 and 2011 respectively. Dhaka Medical College quiz team became champion in IFIC Bank DQS-SSMC Carnival Captive 2013 competing among 68 teams in 2013. Dhaka Medical College has many voluntary organizations such as the Computer Club of Dhaka Medical College, Debating Club of DMC, Rotaract Club, Medicine Club and so on.

Dhaka Medical College Debating Club (DMCDC) is a pioneer in Medical college debating history. After being established in 2009, DMCDC has hosted two national debate festivals with huge success. Present Debate team of Dhaka Medical College became champion in the TIB-DMCDC National Anti-Corruption Day Debate Competition 2012. They are also runner-up team of SK-F NDFBD DMCDC National Inter-Medical College Debate Competition 2011. The Debate team also earned the title of runner-up in '1st Bangladesh Television Environmental Debate Competition-2012' and the title of Champion in '2nd Bangladesh Television Environmental Debate Competition'. In recent time, Dhaka Medical College Debate Team is the only medical based debate team who reached the final of inter-university debate championship in 2013 JUDS Inter University Debate Championship. By winning 3rd SKF-NDFBD-CMCDC National Inter Medical College Debate Championship In 2014,Dhaka Medical College Debate Team is the present Defending Champion Of Inter Medical College Debate. The present team consists of team members Ranok Mehedi (K-69),Zahid Hasan (K69),and Raisul Arafat (K-71).

Dhaka Medical College Football team won Tarubala shield in 1947 which was organised by district sports association. Captain Mirza Mazharul Islam beat renowned Clubs like Wari on his way to winning the title. Athletics Secretary of first DMCSU (1949–50) was Mazharul Islam Damal who expressed his sporting ability as the opening batsman of Pakistan 'A' cricket team. Dhaka Medical College Cricket team achieved the pride of becoming Dhaka division champion in 1962–63 season.[citation needed]

Clubs and associations[edit]

  • Medicine Club, DMC Unit
  • Sandhani, DMC branch
  • Computer Club of DMC
  • Ex-Cadets' Association of DMC
  • Debating Club
  • Rotaract club

Alumni trust[edit]

Dhaka Medical College Alumni Trust was formed in 1989. Former principal & professor Wali Ullah was the founder-president.



External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°43′32″N 90°23′53″E / 23.72556°N 90.39806°E / 23.72556; 90.39806