Dhaka Medical College and Hospital
|Dhaka Medical College and Hospital|
Dhaka Medical College and Hospital (DMCH) is a medical college located in Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh. It is situated in the Bakshibazar area of the city, close to the University of Dhaka and the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology.
- 1 History
- 2 Other facilities
- 3 Entrance examination
- 4 Graduate examination
- 5 Principals
- 6 Role in national politics
- 7 Clubs, associations, and extracurricular achievements
- 8 Alumni trust
- 9 Notable Alumni
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The college's original building was built before the Partition of Bengal of 1905; being used, as of 1904, as the secretariat (headquarters) of the newly formed provinces of East Bengal and Assam; then, in 1921, turned over to the University of Dhaka, which was founded that year. At that time a part of the huge building was used as the university's medical center, another part as the students' dormitory and the rest as the office of the administrative wing of the Arts faculty.
In 1939, the Dhaka university council requested that the British Government establish a separate medical college in Dhaka. The proposal was postponed because of the onset of the Second World War.
During World War II the medical center building became an American armed forces hospital. The Americans vacated the building at the end of the war.
Finally, Dhaka Medical College was established in 1946, and the college began admitting students. Academic classes started on 10 July which is celebrated as "DMC DAY". The 1st year, beginning class, or "Batch", was named K-5, 2nd year K-4, 3rd year K-3, 4th year K-2, and 5th year K-1. All the advanced students (K-4 through K-1) had transferred from the Calcutta Medical College, in large part because of the partition of India.
At first there were no female students, but now about half of the students are females.
Major W. J. Virgin, the head of the committee formed to establish the Dhaka Medical College, was the first principal. In the beginning there were only four departments – medicine, surgery, gynecology and otolaryngology (ENT). Since the college did not initially have anatomy or physiology departments, the students at first attended those classes at Mitford Medical School (now the Sir Salimullah Medical College); but, after a month, Professor of Anatomy Pashupati Basuand and Professor of Physiology Hiralal Saha joined the staff and their specialties were taught in ward no. 22 of the hospital.
There was no lecture hall nor dissection gallery at first. These needs were met after the construction of new academic buildings in 1955. The college did not have any student housing. Male students were allowed to reside in the Dhaka University's student halls, but female students did not have the use of that facility. The college and hospital premises were expanded with temporary sheds, some of which were built for outdoor services of the hospital and some for student housing. New buildings for housing, college, and hospital were constructed in phases: a dormitory for girls in 1952, a dormitory for male students in 1954–55, a new complex of academic buildings in 1955, and a dormitory for internee doctors in 1974–75. A new academic and hospital building, adding 500 beds, Dhaka Medical College Hospital-2 (DMCH-2), was inaugurated by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on 3 October 2013. The Medinine[spelling?] (medical center) is gradually being shifted to the new building, which will open, with a bone marrow transplantation facility, very soon.
Over time, the original 100-bed hospital has grown to become Bangladesh's largest hospital. After adding the 500 beds in 2013, DMCH now has 2300 beds.
Dhaka Medical College has two museums.
The National Forensic DNA Profiling Laboratory is the first of its kind in Bangladesh. The laboratory assists in investigations concerning murder, rape, paternity, maternity, immigration, distribution of wealth among successors, deformed dead bodies and other cases needing identification.
Every year, after passing their Higher Secondary School Certificate examinations, nearly 65,000 applicants from all over the country sit for the medical college admission test. The top 200 students get the opportunity to study at Dhaka Medical College. Each entering Class of the college, which is known as a "Batch", is designated by the prefix 'K' followed by the batch number.
In order for students to post graduate, they must undergo intensive preparation, to become members of the College of Physicians and Surgeons. If desired, one can measure oneself online, to justify post graduation admission preparation. Sample questions and model tests are provided online, which can aid in this process.
|1.||Dr. Major W. J. Virgin||01.07.46 – 14.08.47|
|2.||Dr. Colonel E. G. Montgomery||15.08.47 – 19.07.48|
|3.||Professor T. Ahmed||19.07.48 – 01.01.52|
|4.||Dr. Colonel A. K. Afridi||01.01.50 – 20.03.53|
|5.||Professor Nowab Ali||21.03.53 – 10.04.54|
|6.||Professor A. K. M. A. Wahed||11.04.54 – 20.01.55|
|7.||Professor Nowab Ali||21.01.55 – 01.02.57|
|38.||Professor Quazi Deen Mohammad||27.01.08 –|
Role in national politics
The Dhaka Medical College has been involved in all the national movements of Bangladesh.
Bengali Language Movement
The college dormitories that were known as barracks were at the heart of the Bengali Language Movement from 1948 to 1952. The barracks were formerly situated at the current location of the Shaheed Minar.
There were about 20 tin shed barracks where the medical students resided. Because they were close to the Parliament of East Pakistan (presently Jagannath Hall of Dhaka University), the medical dormitories were chosen as the center of the student movement.
In the early hours of 21 February 1952, all the students of Dhaka Medical College gathered in front of the medical college dormitories. In the afternoon the group headed for the parliament which was in session. No procession was allowed due to the imposition of Section 144 (a section of the penal code that prohibited unlawful assembly). The students decided to defy Section 144 at 4:00 PM at the historic Aam-tola (which was situated beside the present day Emergency gate).
The police fired at the procession, resulting in the deaths of Salam, Barkat, Rafique, Jabbar and Shafiur.
After sunset on 21 February, at the site of the deaths, the students of Dhaka Medical College decided to build a monument. They worked continuously on 22 and 23 February and finished the construction, using bricks, gravel and cement reserved for the hospital.
Opposition to Ayub Khan
The students of DMC played a vital role in the student and mainstream politics of the 60s as well. When the military government of Ayub Khan started torturing opposition political leaders, student leaders took refuge in the Bakshibazar student dormitory. Most of the meetings deciding the upcoming line of action were held on the college campus. During the movement protesting the martial law and the Hamidur Rahman Education Commission, DMC and its dormitories were the only safe refuge for the student leaders. Many students of this institution actively participated.
On 20 January 1969, police charged and fired at a procession of students near the present emergency gate. Student leader Asaduzzaman was severely injured and was admitted to the hospital, but died in ward no. 8 before any treatment was possible. The students of the medical college led a procession with the blood stained shirt of Shaheed Asad.
Shortly after, the students of Dhaka University raised the flag of an independent Bangladesh at the Bot Tala area of that university. On 2 March 1971, the doctors of DMCH raised the flag on the roof of present Doctors' Cafeteria.
Liberation War, 1971
Students, nurses, staff, and graduates of DMC played a major role in the war of independence. Many of them were engaged in the battlefield, while others risked their lives to treat the injured freedom fighters in the hospital. Almost all the doctors working at DMCH helped the injured freedom fighters by admitting them under false names. Dr. Fazle Rabbi, Moazzem Hossain, Selim Ahmed, Ali Hafiz Selim, Abu Yusuf Mia, Iqbal Ahmed Faruq, Muzibul Haque, Mostafa Jalal Mahiuddin, Mozaffar, Amzad Hossain, Wali, Osman, Golam Kabir, Zillur Rahim, Dalu, Nurujjuman, Shahadat, and many more students took part in the war as liberation fighters. Many of them fought in Dhaka city itself.
Opposition to government health policy
Dhaka Medical College also made its mark in the mass uprising of the 90s. The doctors actively participated in the movement protesting the anti-health policy of the government of that time under the banner of BMA.
Clubs, associations, and extracurricular achievements
- Computer Club of DMC
- DMC Debating Club (DMCDC
- Ex-Cadets' Association of DMC
- Medicine Club, DMC Unit
- Rotaract club
- Sandhani, DMC branch (blood, organ donating charitable organization)
DMC became champions and runners up in the Debate Competition organised by Bangladesh television more than once and came in third at 'Gyan Jiggasa' (a national general knowledge competition of Bangladesh Television) in 1985 and Champions in 1987. Dr. Rifat Haider of Batch K59 became champion in 2008 at the Bangladesh chapter of the World Quizzing Championship and Dr. Ahmad Fayezi Tamal of Batch K64 became champion four times (2009, 2011, 2012, 2013) in the same competition. Sheikh Mahmood Hasan of Batch K64 and Rajat Das Gupta of Batch K66 were runners up in that competition in 2010 and 2011 respectively. The Dhaka Medical College quiz team became champions in the IFIC Bank DQS-SSMC Carnival Captive 2013 and 2014, competing among 68 teams. The Dhaka Medical College quiz team 1 became champions in AIUB-MPH DQS-SSMC 1st Global Health Festival 2014 and another team of Dhaka Medical College became runner up in that same quiz competition.
Dhaka Medical College Debating Club (DMCDC) is a pioneer in Medical college debating history. After being established in 2009, DMCDC has hosted two national debate festivals with huge success. The debate team became champions in the TIB-DMCDC National Anti-Corruption Day Debate Competition 2012. They were also the runner-ups of the SK-F NDFBD DMCDC National Inter-Medical College Debate Competition of 2011. The debate team were runner-ups in the first Bangladesh Television Environmental Debate Competition of 2012 and champions in the second year. Recently, the debate team was the only medical school debate team to reach the finals of 2013 JUDS Inter-University Debate Championship. By winning the third SKF-NDFBD-CMCDC National Inter Medical College Debate Championship, in 2014, the debate team are the current defending champions. The 2014 team consists of team members Ranok Mehedi (K-69), Zahid Hasan (K69), and Raisul Arafat (K-71).
Dhaka Medical College Football team won Tarubala shield in 1947 which was organised by district sports association. Captain Mirza Mazharul Islam beat renowned Clubs like Wari on his way to winning the title.
Athletics Secretary of the first DMCSU (1949–50) was Mazharul Islam Damal who demonstrated his sporting ability as the opening batsman of Pakistan 'A' cricket team. Dhaka Medical College Cricket team achieved the pride of becoming Dhaka division champion in 1962–63 season.
Dhaka Medical College Alumni Trust was formed in 1989. Former principal & professor Wali Ullah was the founder-president.
The notable alumni of DMC include:
- Former President of Bangladesh Professor Dr.A. Q. M. Badruddoza Chowdhury.
- Former Foreign Minister Dr. Dipu Moni.
- Former Health Minister Professor Dr.Ruhul Huq.
- Former Health Advisor to the Prime Minister Dr. Syed Modasser Ali.
- Shahjahan Hafiz, a student in the fifties, was a leading Rabindra song artist on East Pakistan Radio.