Dhandhuka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dhandhuka
city
Dhandhuka is located in Gujarat
Dhandhuka
Dhandhuka
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 22°22′N 71°59′E / 22.37°N 71.98°E / 22.37; 71.98Coordinates: 22°22′N 71°59′E / 22.37°N 71.98°E / 22.37; 71.98
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Ahmedabad
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 30,000
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Dhandhuka is a city and a municipality in Ahmedabad district in the state of Gujarat, India.

Geography[edit]

Dhandhuka is located at 22°22′N 71°59′E / 22.37°N 71.98°E / 22.37; 71.98.[1] It has an average elevation of 24 metres (78 feet).Dhandhuka is located at 22°22′N 71°59′E / 22.37°N 71.98°E / 22.37; 71.98[1]. It has an average elevation of 24 metres (78 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Dhandhuka had a population of 29,555. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dhandhuka has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75% and, female literacy is 57%. In Dhandhuka, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. The city is 105 km from District center Ahmedabad, on state highway to Bhavnagar.

The great Jain saint Acharya Shri Hemchandracharya (famous as Kalikal Sarvagya)born in 1088 A .D. into the Modha Vanik (merchant) caste, in the town of Dhandhuka, sixty miles from the city Ahmedabad in Gujarat State., and he died in 1173 A. D.The Chudasama Rajput ( Raa' Dynasty )Was a Certain Ruler of Junagadh , They Comes Here From Junagadh & Ruled Here. Pujya Shree Punit Maharaj (19 May 1908-27 July 1962)is also from Dhandhuka. The city has a population of more than 50,000 and a literacy rate of 66% (compared to the Indian national average of 59.5%). One Shri Kikani Arts and Commerce College and Three High School are in the Town. The popular professions in the city include working for the automobile dealership, telecommunication dealership, insurance companies and agriculture. RMS Hospital, one of Gujarat's biggest hospitals, opened in 2007, receiving its funding in large part from some local donors and NRIs (Non-resident Indian). Common plants grown include cotton and wheat. There is a small industrial estate developed in the city known as G.I.D.C. Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, few entrepreneurs have established their small scale industries here.

Acharya Hemachandra[edit]

Acharya Hemachandra (Sanskrit: हेमचन्द्र सूरी, 1087–1172) was a Jain scholar, poet, and polymath who wrote on grammar, philosophy, prosody, and contemporary history. Noted as a prodigy by his contemporaries, he gained the title Kalikāl Sarvagya "all-knowing of the Kali Yuga".

He was born in Dhandhuka, Gujarat (about 100 km south west of Ahmadabad), to Chachadeva and Pahini Devi. They named him Chandradeva. The Jain derasar of Modhera Tirtha is located at his birthplace. As a young man, Chandradeva was initiated as a monk at a derasar and took the name Somachandra. He was trained in religious discourse, philosophy, logic and grammar. In 1110, at the age of 21, he was ordained as an acharya of the Svetambara sect of Jainism and was given the name Somachandra (popularly Hemachandra).[3]

At the time, Gujarat was ruled by the Solanki dynasty. Hemachandra rose to prominence under the reign of Mulraj and was an advisor to his successor Kumarpal (1143–1173). During Kumarapala's reign, Gujarat became a reputed center of culture. Starting in 1121, Hemachandra was involved in the construction of the Jain temple at Taranga. His influence on Kumarapala resulted in the Jain religion becoming the official religion of Gujarat, and animal slaughter was banned.

Hemachandra and Kumarapāla[edit]

Taking an approach of Anekāntavāda, Ācārya Hemacandra is said to have displayed a broad-minded attitude, which pleased Kumarpal.[3] Certain people who were jealous of Hemacandra's rising popularity with the king complained that Hemacandra was a very arrogant person, that he did not respect the Hindu gods and that he refused to bow down to Śiva. When called upon to visit the temple of Śiva with the king, Hemacandra readily bowed before the idol of Śiva, but said:I am bowing down only to that god who has destroyed the passions like attachment and hatred which are the cause of worldly life, whether he is Brahmā, Viṣṇu, or Jina.[3] He ensured that he remained true to tenets of Jainism, namely, that a Jain should bow down only to a passionless and detached God such as a Jina, and at the same time managed to please the king. Ultimately, the king became a devoted follower of Hemacandra and a champion of Jainism.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dhandhuka
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Hemacandra". Jain World. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 

External links[edit]