Adrar Plateau

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This article is about the natural and historical region of Mauritania. For the administrative region, see Adrar Region. For other meanings, see Adrar.
The Adrar
Adrar in Tifinagh.svg
Natural region
Landscape of he stony desert known as Reg de l'Adrar
Landscape of he stony desert known as Reg de l'Adrar
Location of the Adrar in central Mauritania
Location of the Adrar in central Mauritania
Country Mauritania
Elevation 340 m (1,120 ft)

The Adrar (Berber: Adrar in Tifinagh.svg, lit. mountain) is a highland natural and historical region of the Sahara Desert in northern Mauritania. The Adrar Region, an administrative division of Mauritania, is named after the traditional region.

Geography[edit]

The Adrar is an arid plateau, known for its gorges, regs (stony deserts) and shifting sand dunes. Nearby is also the famous Richat Structure. Structurally the Adrar is a low central massif with conspicuous cliffs. There is no water in the central area of the plateau and cultivation is not possible; only at the edges there is enough water to support palm groves.

The Adrar region is home to a small human population, centered on the town of Atar. The ancient town of Ouadane, formerly an important caravan and gold-trading centre, is located on the southern edge of the Adrar. Chinguetti is another important historical town in the region.[1]

History[edit]

The Adrar was heavily settled in the Neolithic era. The more recent aridification has left much of the archaeology intact, most notable several stone circles[citation needed] and the later town of Azougui.

Beginning in mid-17th century, migrants from the Adrar Plateau region moved into the Tagant Plateau and displaced the native population.[2]

Features of the Adrar[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ EB, Adrar
  2. ^ James L. A. Webb , Desert Frontier: Ecological and Economic Change Along the Western Sahel. p.50

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 20°24′19″N 13°06′40″W / 20.40528°N 13.11111°W / 20.40528; -13.11111