Dharapuram

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Dharapuram
Rajarajapuram, Viradapuram
town
Dharapuram is located in Tamil Nadu
Dharapuram
Dharapuram
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°44′N 77°31′E / 10.73°N 77.52°E / 10.73; 77.52Coordinates: 10°44′N 77°31′E / 10.73°N 77.52°E / 10.73; 77.52
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tirupur
Elevation 245 m (804 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 65,007
Languages
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 638656
STD Code 04258
Vehicle registration TN 78
Website municipality.tn.gov.in/dharapuram/

Dharapuram (also known as Rajarajapuram by the Cholas[citation needed]), is a town in Tirupur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Dharapuram is one of the oldest towns in Tiruppur District[1] and was the capital of Kongu Nadu under Kongu Cholas, at which time it was known as Vanchipuri.[2] Amaravathi River flows through the town.[3] As of 2011, the town had a population of 65,007.

Early history[edit]

Dharapuram was part of the Chera kingdom until 850 A.D. From 1000 A.D. to 1275 A.D., the area was ruled by the Kongu Cholas who renamed Dharapuram as Vanchipuri. The Cholan capital was under attack by a hitherto unknown group in South India, called Kalabhars. As a result, the Kongu Cholas made Dharapuram their military and political headquarters.[4] The Thanjavur Cholas named the city as Rajarajapuram. After 1276 A.D. the Pandyan empire took control of the region. The Muslims (Modern Sulthans) ruled next, after which the Nayaks of Madurai ruled. They were followed by Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan. In 1799, when Tippu fell to the British, the East Indian Company took over administration of this region.

Dharapuram attained the status of a Municipality in the year 1916[5] and it was promoted to first grade municipality on May 9, 1983.[5] Dharapuram is situated along 9.62 km2 of the bank of River Amaravathi.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Dharapuram had a population of 65,007 with a sex-ratio of 1,045 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[6] A total of 5,048 were under the age of six, constituting 2,566 males and 2,482 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 21.48% and .1% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 80.4%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[6] The town had a total of 15842 households. There were a total of 23,722 workers, comprising 506 cultivators, 1,227 main agricultural labourers, 652 in house hold industries, 17,553 other workers, 3,784 marginal workers, 51 marginal cultivators, 697 marginal agricultural labourers, 204 marginal workers in household industries and 2,832 other marginal workers.[7]

Geography and climate[edit]

Dharapuram is located at 10°44′N 77°31′E / 10.73°N 77.52°E / 10.73; 77.52.[8] It has an average elevation of 245 metres (803 feet). It is strategically located in the line of Palakkad pass which provides the wind that activates the town's numerous windmills. The area has a significant water shortage.The town features a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification;BSh).

Climate data for Dharapuram
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
33
(91)
36
(97)
35
(95)
35
(95)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
32.4
(90.4)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
22.3
(72.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 6
(0.24)
11
(0.43)
23
(0.91)
44
(1.73)
65
(2.56)
38
(1.5)
27
(1.06)
31
(1.22)
50
(1.97)
164
(6.46)
138
(5.43)
43
(1.69)
640
(25.2)
Source: Dharapuram Municipality

Administration and politics[edit]

Dharapuram has been reserved constituency from 1967 to still day. The assembly constituency (SC) is part of Erode (Lok Sabha constituency).[9] K. Ponnusamy is a present member of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly from the Dharapuram constituency.[10] He represents the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party.

Notable personalities[edit]

  • Nagesh, Legendary film comedian

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History Of Tipu Sultan By Mohibbul Hasan". Archive.org. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  2. ^ "| உலகச் செம்மொழியாம் தமிழ் வளர்த்த திருப்பூர் Dinamalar". Dinamalar.com. 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  3. ^ "Tiruppur District - Rivers". Tiruppur.nic.in. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  4. ^ "Villages in Dharapuram Tehsil in Erode". Erode.org.in. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  5. ^ a b "Welcome to Dharapuram Municipality Home Page". Municipality.tn.gov.in. 1983-05-06. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  6. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Dharapuram". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dharapuram
  9. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  10. ^ "List of MLAs from Tamil Nadu 2011". Govt. of Tamil Nadu.