|Dr. Dharamvir Bharati
December 25, 1926|
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, British India
|Died||September 4, 1997
|Occupation||Writer, Essayist, Novelist, Poet|
|Alma mater||Allahabad University|
|Notable work(s)||Gunahon Ka Devta (1949, novel)
Suraj ka Satwan Ghoda (1952, novel)
Andha Yug (1953, play)
|Notable award(s)||1972: Padmashree
1984: Valley Turmeric Best Journalism Award
1988: Best Playwright Maharana Mewar Foundation Award
1989: Sangeet Natak Akademi
Rajendra Prasad Shikhar Samman
Bharat Bharati Samman
1994: Maharashtra Gaurav
|Spouse(s)||Kanta Bharti (Married 1954) (1st. Wife), Pushpa Bharti (2nd. Wife)|
|Children||Parmita (1st Wife); son Kinshuk Bharati and a daughter Pragya Bharati (2nd. Wife)|
Dr. Dharamvir Bharati (धर्मवीर भारती) (25 December 1926 – 4 September 1997) was a renowned Hindi poet, author, playwright and a social thinker of India. He was the Chief-Editor of the popular Hindi weekly magazine Dharmayug, from 1960 till his death in 1997.
Bharati was awarded the Padma Shree for literature in 1972 by the Government of India. His novel Gunaho Ka Devta became a classic. Bharati’s Suraj ka Satwan Ghoda is considered a unique experiment in story-telling and was made into a National Film Award- winning movie by the same name in 1992 by Shyam Benegal. Andha Yug, a play set in the time immediately after the Mahabharata war, is another classic that is enacted very often in public by various drama groups.
Dharamvir Bharati was born in December 25 year 1926 Allahabad to Chiranji Lal and Chanda devi. The family underwent considerable financial hardships after his father died early. He had a sister, Dr. Veerbala.
He did his MA in Hindi from Allahabad University in 1946 and won the “Chintamani Ghosh Award” for securing highest marks in Hindi.
Dharamvir Bharati was the sub-editor for magazines Abhyudaya and Sangam during this period. Later he completed his Ph.D. in 1954 under Dr. Dhirendra Verma on the topic of “Siddha Sahitya”, and was appointed lecturer in Hindi at the Allahabad University. The 1950s were the most creative period in the life of Dr. Bharati and he wrote many novels, dramas, poems, essays, and criticism-works during this phase.
In 1960 he was appointed as chief-editor of the popular Hindi weekly magazine Dharma Yug brought out by the Times Group, and moved to Bombay. He remained the editor of Dharmayug till 1987. During this long phase the magazine became the most popular Hindi weekly of the country and reached new heights in Hindi journalism. As a field reporter, Bharati personally covered the Indo-Pak war that resulted in the liberation of Bangladesh.
Dr Bharati married in 1954 and later divorced Mrs. Kanta Bharati with whom he had a daughter Parmita. A Few years later he remarried and had a son Kinshuk Bharati and a daughter Pragya Bharati with Mrs. Pushpa Bharati. Dr. Bharati developed heart ailments and died after a brief illness in 1997.
Suraj Ka Satvan Ghoda (सूरज का सातवां घोड़ा )- (The Seventh Steed of the Sun), A short novel published in 1952, that may also be viewed as a set of connected mini-narratives, can be called one of the foremost instances of metafiction in twentieth century Hindi literature. The protagonist is a young man named Manik Mulla who recounts these tales to his friends. The name of the work is an allusion to Hindu mythology according to which the chariot of the Sun-God Surya is said to be drawn by seven horses. (viz. seven days in a week) This novella has been translated into Bengali by poet Malay Roy Choudhury of Hungry generation fame, for which he was bestowed with the Sahitya Academy Award. Shyam Benegal's film by the same name (1992), based on the novel won the National Film Award for Best Actor.
- Gunaho Ka Devta (गुनाहों का देवता) (1949)
- Giyara sapno ka desh (ग्यारह सपनों का देश)
- Prarambh va Samapan (प्रारंभ व समापन)
Kanupriya,Thanda Loha, Saat Geet Varsh and Sapana Abhi Bhi are amongst his most popular works of poetry.
Play in Poetry
Andha Yug (The Age of Blindness):Poetic play, Structured on events in the Mahabharata, Andha Yug focuses on the last day of the Mahabharata war. It is a powerful metaphorical theatrical work.Performed by Ebrahim Alkazi,Raj Bisaria, M.k. Raina, Ratan Thiyam, Arvind Gaur, Ram Gopal Bajaj, Mohan Maharishi, Bhanu Bharti and many other Indian theatre directors.
र्दों का गाव),Swarg aur Prathvhi( स्वर्ग और पृथ्वी),Chand aur Tuthe hue Log चाद और टूटे हुए लोग,Band gali Ka Aakhkri Makhaan (बंद गली का आखिरी मकान),Saas ki Kalam se (सास की कलम से),Samast Kahaniya ek Saath(समस्त कहानियाँ एक साथ)
Thele par Himalayas( ठेले पर हिमालय),Pashyanty stories:Unkahi(पश्यंती कहानियाँ :अनकही), The river was thirsty(नदी प्यासी थी), Neil Lake(नील झील), Human values and literature(मानव मूल्य और साहित्य), Cold iron(ठण्डा लोहा)
Film on Dr. Bharati
Dr. Bharati: documentary directed by young story writer Uday Prakash for Sahitya Akademi, Delhi, 1999,
- Rajendra Prasad Shikhar Samman
- Bharat Bharati Samman
- Maharashtra Gaurav, 1994
- Kaudiya Nyas
- 1984, Valley turmeric best journalism awards
- 1988, best playwright Maharana Mewar Foundation Award
- 1989,the Sangeet Natak Akademi, Delhi
- Andha Yug:Dharamvir Bharati,Translated in English by Alok Bhalla Published by Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-567213-8,ISBN 0-19-567213-5
- "A trio of aces". The Times of India. May 1, 2010.
- The Illustrated weekly of India: Volume 108, Issues 39-50, 1987.
- "SNA: List of Akademi Awardees". Sangeet Natak Akademi Official website.
- Peter Gaeffke (1978). A history of Indian literature: Modern Indo-Arayan literatures, part I.. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 62. ISBN 3-447-01614-0.
- Dharamvir Bharati at the Internet Movie Database
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2008)|
- The Official Website of Dr. Dharamvir Bharati
- Dharamvir Bharti at Kavita Kosh (Hindi)
- Remembring Bharati Ji: An article by his sister Dr. Veerbala: यादें भैया की
- Remembering Bharati Ji: An article by Prof. Rajiv Krishna Saxena : मामा जीः कुछ संस्मरण