Dhrangadhra

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Dhrangadhra
city
Dhrangadhra is located in Gujarat
Dhrangadhra
Dhrangadhra
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 22°59′N 71°28′E / 22.98°N 71.47°E / 22.98; 71.47Coordinates: 22°59′N 71°28′E / 22.98°N 71.47°E / 22.98; 71.47
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Surendranagar
Elevation 64 m (210 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 70,653
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website www.naimisar.com/Dhrangadhra/

Dhrangadhra (About this sound pronunciation )is a city and a municipality in Surendranagar district in the state of Gujarat, India. During the period of the British Raj, the city was the capital of Dhrangadhra state, one of the eight first-class princely states (13-gun salute) of the Kathiawar Agency in the Bombay Presidency.

History[edit]

Main article: Dhrangadhra State

Dhrangadhra grew from Jhalawar State which was founded about AD 1090. This state was ruled by the Patel.[1] In AD 1735, Dhrangadhra was founded as its capital. The state was then renamed Dhrangadhra-Halvad state from the initial name of Kuwa, Halwad.

In 1941 the princely state of Dhrangadhra had a population of 94,417 living in an area of 1,167 square miles.[2]

In 1925, India's first soda ash factory was founded in Dhrangadhra. It was taken over by Shreyans Prasad Jain, who established the Dhrangadhra Chemical Works (now known as DCW) in 1939.[3]

In 1948, the state of Dhrangadhra was made part of the Zalawar district in Saurashtra. In 1956 it became part of Gujarat. Dhrangadhra also contains the Gobar gas plant, which is located at Navalgadh village.

Etymology[edit]

In Sanskrit dhrang means a stone, and dhara means the earth. It is believed that because of the strong and widespread black stone bedrock found immediately under the soil of the place, the town is thus named.

Geography[edit]

Dhrangadhra is located at 22°59′N 71°28′E / 22.98°N 71.47°E / 22.98; 71.47.[4] It has an average elevation of 64 metres (209 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Dhrangadhra had a population of 70,653. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Dhrangadhra has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75% and, female literacy is 59%. In Dhrangadhra, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. World most Beautiful place Juna ghanshyamgadh also near by dhrangdhara.

Bhagwat dham[edit]

Shree Bhagwatdham Gurukul

With both sacred and secular architecture influenced by local medieval history, Dhangadhra today is a modern town with the population of about 100,000, which includes Hindus, Muslims, Zoroastrians and Jains. The affluent are traders in the local cotton and salt trade that has existed for over 300 years, while the majority are farmers and shopkeepers. It has industries such as DCW with chemical products, Mausam brand food products such as Spices, delecious pickles in various flavours, sauces, pastes, sherbats, ketchup etc. by K.P. Industries and many other industries in GIDC area. The provincial town boasts several hospitals, schools and a college. Along with regular telephone and portal services, email facilities are also available in the town.

Temples, step-wells, palaces and mosques from various historical periods exist in various states of preservation. There are more than 100 places of worship, and ancient art and craft traditions such as stone sculpture, jewellery making, tie and dye fabrics and embroidery prosper.there is a dargah of Mohahmad Musa" in the Raj darabar(man mahelat).

Dhrangadhra is also famous for its Stone artwork. The 'Sompura' cast from Dhrangadhra have built and designed many Jain derasars - a type of temples of Jain people all over Gujarat and India. It is known that the temple of Somnath is built by the Sompura cast living in Dhrangadhra.

Dhangadhra is a railway junction on the Western Railway (India) and is connected to Ahmedabad and other regions of Kutch and Saurashtra by road and rail links. There are auto rickshaws (three-wheeler hooded taxis) and larger un-hooded three-wheelers called Chhakada which typically run on modified Royal Enfield engines, are available for travel within the town and surrounding areas.

The Rabari and Bharwad farming communities that raise cattle, sheep, goat and camels live in villages surrounding the town. Each summer, the outskirts of the town also hosts a camp of snake charmers. Dhrangadhra is also the headquarters of the Deputy Conservator of Forests, which is responsible for the Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary on the Little Rann of Kutch, home to the last three species of Asiatic Wild Ass.

Dhrangadhra has a long history starting from Lower Paleolithic Period. The River named Falku is passing from Dhrangadhra town. The evidence come from the river bed of the Bhadar river which flows along with the Dhragadhra taluka. Moreover, there are lots of sites spreading over the vast land belonging to Harappan Period. Recent studies in the area suggests that the Dhragadhra and Halvad taluka was the fronteer of the so-called sorat Harappans which bifurcates the Sidhi Harrapans of Kutch & Sindh. These are recent studies made by Arun Malik, a PhD scholar of The M.S. University of Baroda and now he is with Archaeological Survey of India.

There is even a Deshal Bhagat temple situated outside the city, heard that god himself took the form of Saint Deshal Bhagat one time. Also there is ashram of Valbai Maa, Bhala Hanumaan Mandir, Fuleshwar Mahadev temple, Rokadiya Hanumanji temple, Bala Hanumanji temple, Dariyalal temple, Jalaram bapa temple, Shakti ma temple.

Many Gujarati writers belong to Dhrangdhra, such as Pt. Dr. R.C. Maru, poet Mr. Kanaiyalal Bhatt, poet late Mr. Ramesh Nimbark, novelist-author Mr. Atulkumar Vyas, Bhupatrai Thaker (as on 19-09-2012).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cohen, Saul B. The Columbia Gazeteer of the World. (New YOrk: Columbia University Press, 1998) p. 829
  2. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer. p. 511
  3. ^ About DCW
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dhrangadhra
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]