Dhrubganj is a gram panchayat of Kharik block in Bhagalpur district of Bihar state in India. It comes under the legislative assembly of Bihpur which is presently represented by Er. Shailendra Kumar. Before the abolition of Zamindari system in India, this village was considered as a village of Zamindars. However, after the abolition of zamindari, most of the people lost their lands and now are small scale peasants.
History and People
It is grossly estimated that the village was inhabited around 600-700 years ago. The existence of Purani Durga Mandir which is more than 500 years old supports this assumption. People who occupied the place had migrated from west in search of fertile and safer land. Traces of migration can be made from the genealogy of people residing in the village. As one family settled, slowly it expanded and claimed more land. Land and cattle were considered to be primary wealth. After the establishment of Zamindari system, many people became big landlords. The social division was strictly based on caste. All the castes received grains in exchange of their services. In this manner, the economy of the village was closed one and with very limited interactions outside the village.
After independence, the village was blessed to have Sri Ram Babu as leader of Indian National Congress. Due to sincere efforts of Sri Ram Babu, the village had electricity, roads and other facilities long before it would have got otherwise. Communism led by Comred Upendra Kumar also had a strong hold among the underprivileged sections of the society.
The main occupation of the villagers is farming. Banana, Mango, Lichi, Wheat and Maize are the main plants grown in the lands of this village.Basic facilities like Electricity, Road, Elementary School are available by efforts of the Government of India. But still many people live in mud houses who are unable to afford a pakka house. Because of lesser career opportunity in village, people are slowly migrating to metropolitan cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Bombay and likewise in search of better means of livelihood which accounts for the decline in village population in recent years. The primary occupation of Muslims is to weave clothes in powerlooms. Many of the castes can still be seen to perform their traditional work. Barbers, carpenters, shoemakers and kaanu are such castes. With modern education, diversity is growing within the village and people are finding new means of livelihood like mobile repair shop, recharge point etc. apart from their traditional work.
Society And Religion
The village is residence of people of many castes and religions but the majority are Bhumihar Brahmin. People are very religious and there are many temples of Durga, Shiva, Kali, Sati and other Hindu deities out of which Nayi Durga Sthan is worth mentioning. There is also a masjid where Muslim residents offer their prayers. Temples are well decorated during festivals. Also, in every home prayers are offered to Gosain which they believe to be listened by their ancestors. Ancestors are invited as a ritual to attend all the major events in the household like marriage, mundana(first time hair cutting ceremony) and Upanayana. In addition to temples and gosain, they also worship Kalash during Durga Puja which are established by groups of household who have common ancestors. The village also hosts a Yagya every year in Nayi Durga Sthan which is attended by thousands of people from nearby villages. The village has been an example of religious harmony and cooperation between Hindus and Muslims. They also actively participate in each others festivals.
Festivals are of primary importance for all the villagers because it is the only time when they enjoy themselves by delicious meals and visiting village fairs. Main festival are Durga Puja and Chhath Puja. During Durga Puja, the two temples are well decorated and idol of Goddess Durga is established and worshipped for ten days before immersing the idol in nearby Kalbaliya stream. While in Chath puja, prayers are offered to Sun God. In addition to these main festivals many other festivals are part of their life which they perform with true devotion and in accordance with rituals.
1. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1110829/jsp/bihar/story_14435781.jsp 2. http://www.bihardays.com/3bhr/raghopur-naugachia-embankment-damaged-again-90-crores-spent/ 3. http://bhagalpur.bih.nic.in/v2/index.html