Dhu al-Hijjah

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Islamic Calendar

  1. Muharram
  2. Safar
  3. Rabi' al-awwal
  4. Rabi' al-thani
  5. Jumada al-awwal
  6. Jumada al-thani
  7. Rajab
  8. Sha'aban
  9. Ramadan
  10. Shawwal
  11. Dhu al-Qi'dah
  12. Dhu al-Hijjah

Dhu al-Hijjah (Arabic: ذو الحجة‎; properly transliterated Dhū l-Hijjah/Ḏū l-Ḥiǧǧah, IPA: [ðʊl.ˈħɪʒ.ʒa]) is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic calendar.

This is a very sacred month in the Islamic calendar, marking the end of the year. It is in this month in which the Hajj (pilgrimage) takes place.

"Dhu al-Hijjah" literally means "Possessor of the Pilgrimage." It is during this month that pilgrims from all around the world congregate at Mecca to visit the Kaaba. The Hajj is performed on the eighth, ninth and the tenth of this month. Day of Arafa takes place on the ninth of the month. Eid al-Adha, the "Festival of the Sacrifice", begins on the tenth day and ends on sunset of the twelfth.

Virtues of the month[edit]

According to Islamic traditions, the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah are the most blessed days in which to do good deeds:

حدثنا ‏ ‏هناد ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏أبو معاوية ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏الأعمش ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏مسلم هو البطين وهو ابن أبي عمران ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏سعيد بن جبير ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏ابن عباس ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏قال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏ما من أيام العمل الصالح فيهن أحب إلى الله من هذه الأيام العشر فقالوا يا رسول الله ولا الجهاد في سبيل الله فقال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏ولا الجهاد في سبيل الله إلا رجل خرج بنفسه وماله فلم يرجع من ذلك بشيء ‏ ‏وفي ‏ ‏الباب ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏ابن عمر ‏ ‏وأبي هريرة ‏ ‏وعبد الله بن عمرو ‏ ‏وجابر ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏أبو عيسى ‏ ‏حديث ‏ ‏ابن عباس ‏ ‏حديث حسن صحيح غريب

Narrated Ibn Abbas: The Prophet said, "No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul Hijja)." Then some companions of the Prophet said, "Not even Jihad?" He replied, "Not even Jihad, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allah's sake) and does not return with any of those things." (Reported by Tirmidhi)

The Prophet used to fast the first 9 days of this month, owing to their virtue:

حدثنا ‏ ‏مسدد ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏أبو عوانة ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏الحر بن الصباح ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏هنيدة بن خالد ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏امرأته ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏بعض أزواج النبي ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قالت ‏كان رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏يصوم تسع ذي الحجة ويوم عاشوراء وثلاثة أيام من كل شهر

One of the wives[vague] of Muhammad said: "Allah's Messenger used to fast the [first] nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, the day of 'Ashurah, and three days of each month." (Reported by Abu Dawud)[1]

Timing[edit]

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Dhu al-Hijjah migrates throughout the seasons. Since the month must begin and end when the moon is sighted, the estimated start and end dates for Dhu al-Hijjah are as follows:

  • 1427 AH – First day: December 22, 2006; last day: January 19, 2007. Due to sightings in Saudi Arabia, Dhu al-Hijjah officially started on December 21, 2006 in Saudi Arabia. Several countries follow Saudi Arabia regarding the implementation of the Islamic Calendar.
  • 1428 AH – First day: December 11, 2007; last day: January 9, 2008. Due to sightings in Saudi Arabia, Dhu al-Hijjah officially started on December 10, 2007 in Saudi Arabia. Several countries follow Saudi Arabia regarding the implementation of the Islamic calendar.
  • 1429 AH – First day: November 30, 2008; last day: December 28, 2008
  • 1430 AH - First day: November 19, 2009; last day: December 17, 2009
  • 1431 AH - First day: November 7, 2010; last day: December 6, 2010
  • 1432 AH - First day: October 28, 2011; last day: November 25, 2011
  • 1433 AH - First day: ~October 17, 2012; last day: ~November 14, 2012
  • 1434 AH - First day: ~October 6, 2013; last day: ~November 4, 2013
  • 1435 AH - First day: ~September 25, 2014; last day: ~October 24, 2014
  • 1436 AH - First day: ~September 15, 2015; last day: ~October 14, 2015

General Islamic Events[edit]

  • 09 Dhu al-Hijjah, Day of Arafa
  • 10-13 Dhu al-Hijjah, Eid al-Adha is observed by Muslims on the hajj and around the world in commemoration of Ibrahim's (Abraham) willingness to sacrifice his son for God.
  • 18 Shahadat of Caliph Uthman ibn Affan

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ten Blessed Days of Dhul Hijjah | Soul". Central-mosque.com. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 

External links[edit]