Dhupa

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This article is about the dharmic use of incense. For plants mentioned in classical Hindu sources, see Flora of the Indian epics period.

Dhupa (धुप) is, in Indian religions (such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, etc.), the ritual offering of incense during puja to an image of a deity, or other object of veneration. It is also the Sanskrit word for incense or perfume itself.

Thai language also borrows this word from Sanskrit to call joss sticks or incense sticks, by omitting "a" in the word Dhupa. So, the word retains the Sanskrit form when it is written in Thai alphabet as "Dhup" (ธูป). However, Sanskrit's Dh ([d̪ʱ]) is pronounced as aspirated T  [tʰ] in Thai, the word is normally pronounced or transliterated as "Thup" ( [tʰûːp]).


The very idea of offering dhupa is personified in the dakini Dhupa, who is said in the Bardo Thödol to appear on the third day. [1]

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