Dhuvjan Monastery

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Monastery of Saints Quiricus and Julietta
Manastiri i Dhuvjanit.jpg
Monastery information
Order Orthodox Autocephalous Church of Albania
Established 1089
Dedicated to Quiricus and Julietta
Diocese Gjirokastër
Site
Location Gjirokastër District, Albania
Public access yes

The Dhuvjan Monastery (Albanian: Manastiri i Dhuvjanit, Greek: Μονή Δούβιανης) also known as Monastery of Saints Quiricus and Julietta (Albanian: Manastiri i Shën Qirjakut dhe Julitës, Greek: Μονή Αγιού Κηρύκου καί Ιουλίττας) and Birth of the Virgin Mary Monastery, is a Byzantine monastery located in the western part of the village of Dhuvjan, District of Gjirokastër, southern Albania.

Location[edit]

The monastery is found on the Drino Valley, in the Dropull region, and lies between the cities of Gjirokastër and Delvinë in southern Albania. It oversees the road between the two cities from the hill where it is situated. It is just one of several monasteries that can be found in the Drino Valley.[1]

History[edit]

The monastery is traditionally dated to the 6th century,[2][3] however, this has been contested due to notes left by a former monk working in the monastery, who alleged that the monastery was built in 1089.[4] The monastery is devoted to the Virgin Mary.[5]

It underwent restoration in the 1960s[2] and was elevated to the status of cultural monument (Albanian: Monument Kulturore) by the Albanian government in 1963. However, another restoration project is needed as much of the monastery's 3000 square metres are near-ruin.

In summer 2006 the village inhabitants announced that the descendants of the village's former priest, Papa Vllasi, excavated an icon from their garden. The object, described as an emblem and dated 1819, bears the names of 6 saints (Saint Julietta, Theodore Stratelates, John Chrysostom, Saint Charalampe, Saint Eleftherios, and Saint Polycarp) and allegedly contains bones of three of them. In order to prevent this very rare object from possible theft, the inhabitants of Dhuvjan change the place of the icon from time to time.[4]

On 5 June 2010, the monastery was robbed by unidentified persons. An old wooden cross, some icons, a fabric with artistic and historical value were stolen from the church, while the robbers have destroyed some parts of carved wood iconostasis. The monastery was previously sacked in 1997 when some very old icons and other items of value were stolen. Currently walls arches, the bell, the trapezaria and other parts of the monastery are at risk of falling down.[4] Currently the monastery is voluntarily cared for by Spiro Panajoti, a retired teacher.[1]

Education[edit]

In 1777 a Greek school was established in the monastery by the Orthodox missionary Cosmas. Later, in 1858 Greek education was expanded after the initiative of a local monk called Gerasimos, who established a female, a secondary level and an embroidery school. These educational institutions functioned continuously until 1858, while their costs were covered by the monastery itself.[4][6] Greek education was active in the monastery until 1913. The last school director was Konstantinos Zerris.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Serjani, Engjëll (26 April 2010). "Manastiret e harruara të Luginës së Drinos". Gazeta Shqip (in Albanian). Retrieved 2 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Harresa e manastirit të Dhuvjanit". Gazeta Shqip (in Albanian). 19 February 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Turet e agjencisë Old Bazar" (in Albanian). Retrieved 2 September 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d Serjani, Engjëll (1 June 2010). "Grabitet kisha e Shën Julitës" (in Albanian). Retrieved 2 September 2010. 
  5. ^ Elsie, Robert (2000). A dictionary of Albanian religion, mythology, and folk culture (in English). NYU Press. p. 172. ISBN 0-8147-2214-8. 
  6. ^ a b Koltsida, Athina (2008). "Η Εκπαίδευση στη Βόρειο Ήπειρο κατά την Ύστερη Περίοδο της Οθωμανικής Αυτοκρατορίας". University of Thessaloniki. pp. 197, 206. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 

Coordinates: 39°53′22″N 20°13′0″E / 39.88944°N 20.21667°E / 39.88944; 20.21667