Diaminopimelic acid

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Diaminopimelic acid
Diaminopimelic acid.png
Diaminopimelic acid.gif
Identifiers
CAS number 583-93-7 N
PubChem 1549101
ChemSpider 89700 YesY
MeSH Diaminopimelic+acid
ChEBI CHEBI:16488 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL415306 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C7H14N2O4
Molar mass 190.20 g mol−1
Appearance white powder
Density 1.344 g/mL
Melting point 295 °C (563 °F; 568 K)
Boiling point 426.7 °C (800.1 °F; 699.8 K)
Hazards
Main hazards Irritant
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Diaminopimelic acid (DAP) is an amino acid, representing an epsilon-carboxy derivative of lysine.

DAP is a characteristic of certain cell walls[1] of some bacteria. DAP is often found in the peptide linkages of NAM-NAG chains that make up the cell wall of gram-positive bacteria. When provided, they exhibit normal growth. When in deficiency, they still grow but with the inability to make new cell wall proteoglycan.

This is also the attachment point for Braun's lipoprotein.[2]

See also[edit]

Images[edit]

An alternate view of the DAP structure.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brooks, George H.; Geo F. Brooks (2007). Jawetz, Melnick & Adelberg's medical microbiology. McGraw-Hill Medical. p. 85. ISBN 0-07-147666-0. 
  2. ^ Seltmann, Guntram; Holst, Otto (2002). The Bacterial Cell Wall. Berlin: Springer. pp. 81–82. ISBN 3-540-42608-6.