Diamond Jubilee (horse)

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Diamond Jubilee
Diamond Jubilee.jpg
Sire St. Simon
Grandsire Galopin
Dam Perdita
Damsire Hampton
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1897
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Colour Bay
Breeder Prince of Wales
Owner Prince of Wales
Duke of Devonshire (leased 1901)
Trainer Richard Marsh
Record 16:6-4-1
Earnings £28,185[1]
Major wins
2,000 Guineas (1900)
Newmarket Stakes (1900)
Epsom Derby (1900)
Eclipse Stakes (1900)
St. Leger (1900)
Awards
9th U.K. Triple Crown Champion (1900)
Leading Sire in Argentina (1915, 1916, 1917, 1921)

Diamond Jubilee (1897 – 10 July 1923) was a British-bred and British-trained Thoroughbred race horse and sire. In a career which lasted from June 1899 until October 1901 he ran sixteen times and won six races.

He showed modest form as a two-year-old in 1899 but improved to be the leading colt of his generation in 1900 when he won the British Triple Crown. His other wins included the Eclipse Stakes, then one of the most valuable horse races in the world. He was retired to stud at the end of the 1901 season and was later exported to Argentina.

Diamond Jubilee was noted throughout his life for his unpredictable and sometimes violent temperament.

Background[edit]

Diamond Jubilee was bred by his owner, the Prince of Wales. He was foaled in the year of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.

Diamond Jubilee's sire, St. Simon was an undefeated racehorse who was considered one of the best British runners of the 19th Century. In an outstanding stud career he won nine sires’ championships, having sired ten Classic winners. Perdita, the dam of Diamond Jubilee was a successful racehorse who was bought by the Prince on the advice of John Porter. As a broodmare she produced, in addition to Diamond Jubilee, the 1897 Derby winner Persimmon and the Jockey Club Cup winner Florizel II. Such was the quality of Diamond Jubilee's pedigree, and the status of his owner, that his birth was noted in the press.[2]

Racing career[edit]

1899: two-year-old season[edit]

Diamond Jubilee won only one of his six races as a two-year-old. He was strongly fancied to win the Coventry Stakes at Royal Ascot on 13 June, starting 6/5 favourite but finished unplaced behind the gelding Democrat,[3] after behaving badly in the paddock and before the start. Among other unpleasant traits he kicked a spectator,[4] delayed the start of the race by repeatedly "rearing"[5] and attempted to attack and bite his own jockey, the highly experienced John Watts. In the July Stakes at Newmarket the "ramapagious beast"[6] threw Watts and galloped free for several minutes before the start before finishing unplaced again.[7] It was decided to replace Watts with Morny Cannon. Gelding the colt was also a possible solution, but a veterinary examination revealed that the colt had an undescended testicle, making the operation difficult and potentially dangerous.[8] With Cannon as his jockey, Diamond Jubilee showed much improved form to finish second to Epsom Lad in a Prince of Wales's Stakes at Goodwood in late July, but even then his courage was questioned by critics who accused him of showing "the white feather."[9]

In autumn, Diamond Jubilee ran three times at Newmarket. He recorded his first win when beating moderate opposition in the Boscawen Stakes,[7] and was then moved back up into top class for the Middle Park Stakes on October 13. He was on his best behaviour finished half a length second to Democrat, after which his trainer Richard Marsh was reported to have described him as "the winner of next year's Derby".[10] On his final start of the year two weeks later, he finished second behind Democrat again in the Dewhurst Stakes, although he produced an improved effort and gave the winner a more difficult race on this occasion.[11]

Despite his relatively modest form Diamond Jubilee was seen as a colt with Classic potential,[12] partly because his pedigree suggested that he would improve with age and distance, whereas Democrat was regarded as essentially a precocious, sprinting type.[13]

1900: three-year-old season[edit]

Diamond Jubilee with Herbert Jones, circa 1900

Spring: 2000 Guineas[edit]

Diamond Jubilee appeared to thrive during the winter of 1899–1900, and appeared to go particularly well in training for an inexperienced nineteen-year-old[14] jockey named Herbert Jones.[15] When the colt attempted to savage Morny Cannon after a training gallop,[16] Marsh decided to give the ride to Jones. Diamond Jubilee's improved form became well known and when he made his seasonal reappearance in the 2000 Guineas on 2 May he was made 11/4 third favourite in a field of ten runners. He impressed observers before the race with his physical appearance and behaved impeccably.[6] Ridden by Jones, he took the lead after two furlongs and was never in any danger of defeat. He won impressively[17] by four lengths from Bonarosa and Sidus. Two weeks later he ran in the Newmarket Stakes over ten furlongs and started 1/2 favourite against five opponents. Diamond Jubilee took the lead soon after half way and won by a head from Chevening. The fact that Jones never had to use his whip suggested that the win was rather more comfortable than the narrow margin indicated.[18]

Summer: Epsom Derby[edit]

At Epsom on 31 May, Diamond Jubilee started 6/4 favourite against twelve opponents, with Forfarshire second choice on 100/30. The crowd was reported to be smaller than usual, possibly because of the cold, windy weather.[19] Jones tracked the leaders on the royal colt and turned into the straight disputing second place. Two furlongs from the finish, Jones sent Diamond Jubilee into the lead and he stayed on strongly to win by half a length from Simon Dale, with Disguise third.[18] The royal victory was warmly received with the sky reportedly turning "black with hats" thrown into the air at the finish.[19] Diamond Jubilee's winning time of 2:42.0 equalled the race record set by his brother Persimmon.

At Newmarket started 4/5 favourite for the £10,000 Princess of Wales's Stakes over one mile on 5 July. As the Derby winner he had to carry a weight penalty. He was unable to give twenty pounds to the filly Merry Gal, who led from the start and won by four lengths,[20] but finished ahead of some good horses and was felt to have run creditably.[21] On his next appearance he again had to carry a penalty in the ten furlong Eclipse Stakes at Sandown on July 20. He produced his most impressive performance to date,[22] taking the lead in the straight and winning decisively from Chevening, to whom he was conceding ten pounds.[23] His winning time of 2:07.4 was a new course record.[24]

Autumn: St Leger[edit]

On September 12, Diamond Jubilee attempted to become the ninth horse to complete the Triple Crown[25] in the St Leger at Doncaster. His temperamental problems returned to the fore as he sweated profusely and took twenty minutes to be saddled. In the race, for which he started 2/7 favourite, he led after half a mile and after being briefly challenged by Elopement in the straight, won easily by a length and a half.[26] On his final start of the season, he ran in the Jockey Club Stakes at Newmarket. Once again, his behaviour caused problems as he delayed the race for several minutes by refusing to leave the paddock.[27] On this occasion however, he was unable to reproduce his best form, and after racing prominently for part of the way, he dropped out in the closing stages and finished unplaced behind Disguise.[28]

After the St Leger, Diamond Jubilee was described as "the undoubted champion of England".[29] Although he was admired for his "bulldog courage" he was considered clearly inferior to his brother Persimmon.[30] Diamond Jubilee's earnings of £27,985 were largely responsible for ensuring that the Prince of Wales was the leading owner, in terms of money won for the 1900 British season.[31] He was also instrumental in securing the trainers' championship for Richard Marsh and the Sires' Championship for St. Simon[32]

1901: four-year-old season[edit]

When the Prince of Wales became King Edward VII in January 1901,[33] he leased all his racehorses to the Duke of Devonshire for the rest of the year. Diamond Jubilee was reported to have made good progress over the winter and was expected to have another successful season.[34]

Diamond Jubilee ran only three times, in three of the season's most valuable races (the "Ten Thousand Pounders"). He had some training problems in spring which affected his progress and his trainer was not optimistic when the royal colt made his first appearance.[35] In the Princess of Wales's Stakes on 4 July he finished second to Epsom Lad, who was winning his first race since beating Diamond Jubilee as a two-year-old.[36] In the Eclipse Stakes later in the month, Diamond Jubilee delayed the start with his familiar antics, but ran well to finish a close fourth in a "blanket finish" behind Epsom Lad, to whom he was conceding three pounds.[37]

Diamond Jubilee ran his last race on 3 October at Newmarket when he finished third to Pietermaritzburg and Epsom Lad in the Jockey Club Stakes,[38] after which he was retired to stud.[39]

Stud record[edit]

Diamond Jubilee began his stud career at standing at the Royal Studs at Sandringham, Norfolk,[16] at a fee of 300 guineas.[40] He was considered no more than a "qualified success" in England and late in 1905 he was sold for 30,000 guineas and exported to Argentina early the following year.[41] Diamond Jubilee's English bred offspring were the colt Sancy (Prince of Wales's Stakes) and the filly Jubilee (Park Hill Stakes).[4] In Argentina, Diamond Jubilee announced his arrival at the Haras las Ortigas by attempting to savage his the stud manager, but settled down to become a highly successful second career, being the Champion sire in Argentina on four occasions (1914, 1915, 1916 and 1921). Diamond Jubilee retained his unpredictable temper until the end till the end of his life. A few months before his death he escaped from the stud farm and galloped through the neighbouring town of Morón before being recaptured.[4] He died in 1923 at the age of twenty-six.

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Diamond Jubilee (GB), bay stallion, 1897
Sire
St. Simon (GB)
1881
Galopin
1872
Vedette Voltigeur
Mrs Ridgway
Flying Duchess The Flying Dutchman
Merope
St. Angela
1865
King Tom Harkaway
Pocahontas
Adeline Ion
Little Fairy
Dam
Perdita (GB)
1881
Hampton
1872
Lord Clifden Newminster
The Slave
Lady Langden Kettledrum
Haricot
Hermione
1875
Young Melbourne Melbourne
Clarissa
La Belle Helene St Albans
Teterrima (Family: 7)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahnert, Rainer L. (editor in chief), Thoroughbred Breeding of the World, Pozdun Publishing, Germany, 1970
  2. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 6 May 1897 — IN A NUTSHELL". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 3 August 1899 — RACING IN ENGLAND". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  4. ^ a b c "Diamond Jubilee". Tbheritage.com. 1923-07-18. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  5. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 3 August 1899 — THE ASCOT MEETING". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  6. ^ a b "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 14 June 1900 — THE TWO THOUSAND GUINEAS". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  7. ^ a b "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 10 August 1899 — RACING IN ENGLAND". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  8. ^ Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane’s. ISBN 0-354-08536-0. 
  9. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 7 September 1899 — GOODWOOD. TUESDAY, JULY 25". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  10. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 30 November 1899 — THE MIDDLE PARK PLATERS". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  11. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 21 December 1899 — THE DEWHURST PLATE". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  12. ^ "Papers Past — Auckland Star — 7 February 1900 — THE CLASSIC RACES OF 1900". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  13. ^ "Papers Past — Auckland Star — 10 January 1900 — DATES OF COMING EVENTS". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  14. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 12 July 1900 — IN A NUTSHELL". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  15. ^ "Horseracing History Online – Person Profile : Herbert Jones". Horseracinghistory.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  16. ^ a b "Horseracing History Online – Horse Profile : Diamond Jubilee". Horseracinghistory.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  17. ^ "Papers Past — Auckland Star — 20 June 1900 — HIPPON'S NOTE BOOK". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  18. ^ a b "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 12 July 1900 — NEWMARKET Tuesday, May 15". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  19. ^ a b "Papers Past — Auckland Star — 4 July 1900 — THE PRINCE'S SECOND DERBY". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  20. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 23 August 1900 — RACING IN ENGLAND". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  21. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 23 August 1900 — RACING AT HEADQUARTERS". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  22. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 5 September 1900 — DIAMOND JUBILEE'S ECLIPSE STAKES". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  23. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 5 September 1900 — Friday, July 20". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  24. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 5 September 1900 — RACING IN ENGLAND". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  25. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 21 November 1900 — THE TRIPLE CROWN.". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  26. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 31 October 1900 — RACING IN ENGLAND". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  27. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 21 November 1900 — ENGLISH RACING". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  28. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 21 November 1900 — RACING IN ENGLAND". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  29. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 19 September 1900 — THE ST. LEGER". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  30. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 13 February 1901 — TALK OF THE DAY By MAZEPPA". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  31. ^ "British Flat Racing Champion Owner". Napit.co.uk Sports Database. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  32. ^ "Papers Past — Otago Witness — 23 January 1901 — WEIGHTED, ACCEPTANCES, ETC". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  33. ^ "Previous Princes of Wales". Clarence House. Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  34. ^ "Papers Past — Northern Advocate — 20 April 1901 — SPORTING". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  35. ^ "Papers Past — Evening Post — 17 August 1901 — THE TURF". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  36. ^ "Papers Past — Colonist — 8 July 1901 — SPORTING". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
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  39. ^ "Papers Past — Auckland Star — 23 November 1901 — THE Racing World". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  40. ^ "Papers Past — Hawera & Normanby Star — 20 August 1901 — SPORTING". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  41. ^ "Papers Past — Star — 12 December 1905 — A HIGH PRICED HORSE". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1905-12-12. Retrieved 2011-12-19.