Dian Cecht

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In Irish mythology, Dian Cécht (Old Irish pronunciation [dʲiːən kʲeːxt]), also known as Cainte, Canta, was the god of healing to the Irish people. He was the healer for the Tuatha Dé Danann and the father of Cian, Cu, and Cethé. His other children were Miach, Airmed, Étan the poet,[1] and Ochtriullach.[2]

Dian Cecht's curative well[edit]

He blessed a well called Slane, located to the west of Magh Tuireadh and east of Loch Arboch, where the Tuatha Dé could bathe in when wounded; they became healed and continued fighting. It would heal any wound but decapitation.[2]

Dian Cecht's 'boiling' of the River Barrow[edit]

It was Dian Cecht who once saved Ireland, and was indirectly the cause of the name of the River Barrow.[3] The Morrígú, the heaven-god's fierce wife, had borne a son of such terrible aspect that the physician of the gods, foreseeing danger, counselled that he should be destroyed in his infancy.[3] This was done; and Dian Cecht opened the infant's heart, and found within it three serpents, capable, when they grew to full size, of depopulating Ireland.[3] He lost no time in destroying these serpents also, and burning them into ashes, to avoid the evil which even their dead bodies might do.[3] More than this, he flung the ashes into the nearest river, for he feared that there might be danger even in them; and, indeed, so venomous were they that the river boiled up and slew every living creature in it, and therefore has been called the River Barrow, the ‘Boiling’ ever since.[3]

Dian Cecht's healing of Nuada's arm[edit]

He made King Nuada a silver arm which could move and function as a normal arm. Later, Dian Cecht's son, Miach, replaced the silver arm with an arm of flesh and blood, and Dian Cecht killed him out of professional envy. Miach's sister, Airmed, mourned over her brother's grave. As her tears fell, all the healing herbs of the world grew from the grave. Airmed arranged and catalogued the herbs, but then Dian Cécht again reacted with anger and jealousy and scattered the herbs, destroying his daughter's work as well as his son's. For this reason, it is said that no human now knows the healing properties of all the herbs.[2]

Dian Cecht was also able to heal Mider after the latter lost an eye when struck with a twig of hazel.[4]

Dian Cecht's healing powers were invoked in Ireland as late as the 8th century.[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

Linguistic knowledge about regular sound changes in Celtic languages (McCone, 1996) and analysis of the University of WalesProto-Celtic lexicon[5] and of Julius Pokorny’s Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch permit *Deino-kwekwto- ‘swift concoction’ as a plausible Proto-Celtic reconstruction for this theonym.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lebor Gabála Érenn. R. A. Stewart Macalister (ed./trans.). Part IV. Irish Texts Society, Dublin, 1941. § VII.
  2. ^ a b c Cath Maige Tuireadh. Elizabeth A. Gray (trans.)
  3. ^ a b c d e Celtic Myth and Legend: The Gaelic Gods: Chapter V. The Gods of the Gaels
  4. ^ Tochmarc Étaíne.
  5. ^ http://www.wales.ac.uk/documents/external/cawcs/PCl-MoE.pdf
  • McCone, Kim (1996). Towards a Relative Chronology of Ancient and Medieval Celtic Sound Change. Maynooth: Department of Old and Middle Irish, St. Patrick's College. ISBN 0-901519-40-5.