Dianne Edwards

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Dianne Edwards CBE ScD FRSE FLSW FRS (born 1942[1]) is a palaeobotanist, who studies the colonisation of land by plants, and early land plant interactions.

Career[edit]

Edwards's work has centered on early plant fossils, the majority of which have been retrieved from the UK.[2] Her interest in early plants was initiated after she studied plant fossils preserved in three dimensions in the mineral pyrite (fools' gold);[2] much of her later work has centred on the Rhynie chert and charcoalified fossils, large and microscopic, from the Welsh borderlands and south Wales - a short drive from the University of Cardiff, at which she is a research professor in the School of Earth, Ocean and Planetary Sciences.[3] She also has links with China, consulting for the Beijing Museum of Natural History, and working on fossils from that country.[3]

Discoveries[edit]

Among Edwards's most notable works are the discovery of vascular tissue in Cooksonia,[4] the description and analysis of stomata in early land plants,[5] and very early liverwort-like plants.[6] The charcoalified nature of many of her fossils have enabled her to prove that wildfires took place in the Siluruan period.[7] She has also worked on several enigmatic fossils such as Nematothallus,[8] Tortilicaulis[9] and Prototaxites.[10] She is the author or co-author of a considerable number of botanical names of fossil plants, such as Danziella D.Edwards (2006)[11] and Demersatheca C.-S. Li & D.Edwards (1996).[12]

Distinctions[edit]

Edwards was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1996,[2] and is a trustee of the Natural History Museum, London.[3] She was the 2004 winner of the Lyell Medal. She is also a Founding Fellow of the Learned Society of Wales and in July 2010 was appointed as its inaugural Vice-President for Science, Technology and Medicine. She is PhD honoris causa at the Faculty of Science and Technology at Uppsala University, Sweden, since 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Index of Botanists, Harvard University Herbarium, retrieved 2011-04-07 , entry for D. Edwards
  2. ^ a b c Professor Dianne Edwards FRS - The first plants
  3. ^ a b c Professor Dianne Edwards
  4. ^ Edwards, D.; Davies, K. L.; Axe, L. (1992). "A vascular conducting strand in the early land plant Cooksonia". Nature 357 (6380): 683–685. Bibcode:1992Natur.357..683E. doi:10.1038/357683a0. 
  5. ^ Edwards, D.; Kerp, H.; Hass, H. (1998). "Stomata in early land plants: an anatomical and ecophysiological approach". Journal of Experimental Botany 49 (Special Issue): 255–278. doi:10.1093/jexbot/49.suppl_1.255. 
  6. ^ Edwards, D.; Duckett, J. G.; Richardson, J. B. (1995). "Hepatic characters in the earliest land plants". Nature 374 (6523): 635–636. Bibcode:1995Natur.374..635E. doi:10.1038/374635a0. 
  7. ^ Glasspool, I. J.; Edwards, D.; Axe, L. (2004). "Charcoal in the Silurian as evidence for the earliest wildfire". Geology 32 (5): 381–383. Bibcode:2004Geo....32..381G. doi:10.1130/G20363.1. 
  8. ^ Edwards, D.; Rose, V. (1984). "Cuticles of Nematothallus: a further enigma". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 88 (1-2): 35–54. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1984.tb01563.x. 
  9. ^ Edwards, D. (1979). "A late Silurian flora from the Lower Old Red Sandstone of south-west Dyfed". Palaeontology 22: 23–52. 
  10. ^ Burgess, N. D.; Edwards, D. (1988). "A new Palaeozoic plant closely allied to Prototaxites Dawson". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 97 (2): 189–203. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1988.tb02461.x.  edit
  11. ^ Edwards, Dianne (2006), "Danziella artesiana, a new name for Zosterophyllum artesianum from the Lower Devonian of Artois, northern France", Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 142 (3-4): 93–101, doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2006.04.008 
  12. ^ Li, C.-S. & Edwards, D. (1996), "Demersatheca Li et Edwards, gen. nov., a new genus of early land plants from the Lower Devonian, Yunnan Province, China", Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 93 (1-4): 77–88, doi:10.1016/0034-6667(95)00120-4 
  13. ^ "Author Query for 'D.Edwards'". International Plant Names Index. 

External links[edit]