|United States Senator
November 4, 1992
Serving with Barbara Boxer
|Preceded by||John F. Seymour|
|Chairman of the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence|
January 6, 2009
|Preceded by||Jay Rockefeller|
|Chairman of the International Narcotics Control Caucus|
January 3, 2009
|Preceded by||Joe Biden|
|Chairman of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration|
January 4, 2007 – January 3, 2009
|Preceded by||Trent Lott|
|Succeeded by||Chuck Schumer|
|38th Mayor of San Francisco|
December 4, 1978 – January 8, 1988
|Preceded by||George Moscone|
|Succeeded by||Art Agnos|
|Member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors|
|Born||Dianne Emiel Goldman
June 22, 1933
San Francisco, California
|Spouse(s)||Jack Berman (1956–1959; div.)
Bertram Feinstein (1962–1978; deceased)
Richard C. Blum (1980–)
|Children||Katherine Feinstein Mariano|
|Residence||San Francisco, California|
|Alma mater||Stanford University (B.A.)|
|Occupation||United States Senator|
Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein, born Dianne Emiel Goldman (pron.: //; born June 22, 1933) is the senior United States Senator from California. A member of the Democratic Party, she has served in the Senate since 1992. She also served as 38th Mayor of San Francisco from 1978 to 1988.
Born in San Francisco, Feinstein graduated from Stanford University. In the 1960s she worked in city government, and in 1970 she was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. She served as the board's first female president in 1978, during which time the assassinations of Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor Harvey Milk drew national attention to the city. Feinstein succeeded Moscone as mayor. During her tenure as San Francisco's first female mayor she led a revamp of the city's cable car system and oversaw the 1984 Democratic National Convention.
After a failed gubernatorial campaign in 1990, she won a 1992 special election to the U.S. Senate. Feinstein was first elected on the same ballot as her peer Barbara Boxer, and the two became California's first female U.S. Senators. Feinstein has been re-elected four times since then and in the 2012 election, she claimed the record for the most popular votes in any U.S. Senate election in history, having received 7.75 million votes.
Feinstein was the author of the 1994 Federal Assault Weapons Ban which expired in 2004, and in 2013, introduced a new bill that would ban specific guns[vague]. Feinstein formerly chaired the Senate Rules Committee (2007–2009) and has chaired the Select Committee on Intelligence since 2009. She is also the first woman to have presided over a U.S. presidential inauguration.
Early life 
Feinstein was born Dianne Emiel Goldman in San Francisco, to Betty (née Rosenburg), a former model, and Leon Goldman, a nationally renowned surgeon. Feinstein's paternal grandparents were Jewish emigrants from Poland, while her maternal grandparents, who were of the Russian Orthodox faith, were from Saint Petersburg, Russia. Her mother also had either German or Jewish ancestry.
Personal life 
Feinstein graduated from Convent of the Sacred Heart High School (California) in 1951 and from Stanford University in 1955 with a B.A. in History.
In 1956, she married Jack Berman (died 2002), a colleague in the San Francisco District Attorney's Office. Feinstein and Berman divorced three years later. Their daughter, Katherine Feinstein Mariano (b. 1957), has been the presiding judge of the San Francisco Superior Court for twelve years, through 2012.
In 1980, Feinstein married Richard C. Blum, an investment banker. In 2003, Feinstein was ranked the fifth-wealthiest senator, with an estimated net worth of $26 million. By 2005 her net worth had increased to between $43 million and $99 million. Her 347-page financial-disclosure statement – characterized by the San Francisco Chronicle as "nearly the size of a phone book" – draws clear lines between her assets and those of her husband, with many of her assets in blind trusts.
Early political career 
In 1961, Feinstein worked to end housing discrimination in San Francisco. Prior to elected service, she was appointed by then-California Governor Pat Brown to serve as a member of the California Women's Parole Board. Feinstein also served as a fellow at the Coro Foundation in San Francisco.
President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors 
In 1969, Feinstein was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. She remained on the Board for nine years.
During her tenure on the Board of Supervisors, she unsuccessfully ran for mayor of San Francisco twice, in 1971 against mayor Joseph Alioto, and in 1975, when she lost the contest for a runoff slot (against George Moscone) by one percentage point, to supervisor John Barbagelata.
Because of her position, Feinstein became a target of the New World Liberation Front, who placed a bomb on her window sill which failed to explode and who later shot out the windows of a beach house which she owned.
She was elected president of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in 1978 with initial opposition from Quentin Kopp.
On November 27, 1978, San Francisco mayor George Moscone and supervisor Harvey Milk were assassinated by a rival politician, Dan White, who had resigned from the Board of Supervisors only two weeks prior. Feinstein was close by in City Hall at the time of the shootings, and discovered Milk's body after hearing the gunshots and going to investigate. Later that day at a press conference originally organized by Moscone to announce White's successor, Feinstein announced the assassinations to the stunned public, stating: "As president of the board of supervisors, it's my duty to make this announcement. Both Mayor Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk have been shot and killed."
Feinstein appears in archival footage and is credited in the Academy Award-winning documentary film The Times of Harvey Milk (1984). She appears again briefly in archival footage, announcing the death of Moscone and Milk in the 2008 film Milk. Feinstein and her position as President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors are also alluded to several times in the movie, and a portrayal of her character has a few off-screen lines.
As president of the Board of Supervisors upon the death of Mayor Moscone, Feinstein succeeded to the mayoralty on December 4, 1978.
Mayor of San Francisco 
Feinstein served out the remainder of Moscone's term. She made no staffing changes to his team until she was elected in her own right in 1979. She was re-elected in 1983 and served a full second term.
One of the first challenges to face Feinstein as mayor was the state of the San Francisco cable car system. In late 1979, the system had to be shut down for emergency repairs, and an engineering evaluation concluded that it needed comprehensive rebuilding at a cost of $60 million. Feinstein took charge of the effort, and helped win federal funding for the bulk of the rebuilding job. The system closed for rebuilding in 1982 and reopened in 1984 in time for the Democratic National Convention that was held in the city that year. Feinstein also oversaw planning policies to increase the number of high rise buildings in San Francisco.
Perhaps because of her statewide ambitions, Feinstein was seen as a relatively moderate Democrat in one of the country's most liberal cities. As a supervisor, she was considered part of the centrist bloc that included Dan White and was generally opposed to Moscone. As mayor, Feinstein angered the city's large gay community by refusing to march in a gay rights parade and by vetoing domestic partner legislation in 1983. In the 1980 presidential election, while a majority of Bay Area Democrats continued to support Senator Ted Kennedy's primary challenge to President Jimmy Carter even after it was clear Kennedy could not win, Feinstein was a strong supporter of the Carter–Mondale ticket. She was given a high profile speaking role on the opening night of the August Democratic National Convention, urging delegates to reject the Kennedy delegates' proposal to "open" the convention, thereby allowing delegates to ignore their states' popular vote, a proposal that was soundly defeated.
In the run up to the 1984 Democratic National Convention, there was considerable media and public speculation that Democratic presidential nominee Walter Mondale might pick Feinstein as his running mate. However, he chose Geraldine Ferraro instead. Also in 1984, Feinstein proposed banning handguns in San Francisco, and became subject to a recall attempt organized by the White Panther Party. She won the recall election and finished her second term as mayor on January 8, 1988.
In 1987, City and State magazine named Feinstein the nation's "Most Effective Mayor." Feinstein served on the Trilateral Commission during the 1980s while mayor of San Francisco.
Gubernatorial election 
In 1990, Feinstein made an unsuccessful bid for Governor of California. Although she won the Democratic Party's nomination for the office, she then lost in the general election to Republican Senator Pete Wilson, who vacated his seat in the Senate to assume the governorship. In 1992, she was fined $190,000 for failure to properly report campaign contributions and expenditures associated with that campaign.
U.S. Senate career 
On November 3, 1992, Feinstein won a special election to fill the Senate seat vacated a year earlier when Senator Pete Wilson resigned to become governor. The election was held at the same time as the general election for U.S. President and other offices. Barbara Boxer was elected at the same time for the Senate seat to be vacated by Alan Cranston. Because Feinstein was elected to an unexpired term, she became a senator as soon as the election was certified in November while Boxer would not take office until the expiration of Cranston's term in January; thus Feinstein became California's senior senator, even though she was elected at the same time as Boxer and Boxer had previous congressional service. Feinstein was re-elected in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012. In 2012, Feinstein claimed the record for the most popular votes in any U.S. Senate election in history, having received 7.75 million votes. The record was previously held by her California colleague Barbara Boxer, who received 6.96 million votes in her 2004 re-election.
Approval ratings 
|Survey USA||January 17, 2011||43%||48%||10%|
|Public Policy Polling||February 2, 2011||50%||39%||11%|
|The Field Poll||February 2, 2011||48%||33%||19%|
|The Field Poll||June 21, 2011||46%||31%||23%|
|The Field Poll||September 16, 2011||41%||39%||20%|
|Public Policy Polling||November 16, 2011||51%||38%||11%|
- Committee on Appropriations
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Defense
- Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development (Chair)
- Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Committee on the Judiciary
- Committee on Rules and Administration
- Select Committee on Intelligence (Chair)
Political positions and votes 
Feinstein voted for the extension of the PATRIOT ACT and the FISA provisions.
Feinstein cosponsored (along with Tom Coburn, an Oklahoman Republican) an amendment through the Senate to the Economic Development Revitalization Act of 2011 that eliminated the Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit. The Senate passed the amendment on June 16, 2011. Introduced in 2004, the subsidy provided a 45-cent-per-gallon credit on pure ethanol and a 54-cent-per-gallon tariff on imported ethanol. These subsidies had resulted in an annual expenditure of $6 billion.
On May 12, 2011, Feinstein cosponsored PIPA. In January 2012, Feinstein met with representatives of technology companies, including Google and Facebook. According to a spokesperson, Feinstein "is doing all she can to ensure that the bill is balanced and protects the intellectual property concerns of the content community without unfairly burdening legitimate businesses such as Internet search engines."
Assault weapons ban 
Feinstein introduced the Federal Assault Weapons Ban which became law in 1994, but expired in 2004. About one month after the murders of 20 children and 6 of their teachers in Sandy Hook, Connecticut, Feinstein introduced a bill that does not expire, which received vehement opposition from the National Rifle Association."
In January 2013, Feinstein along with Representative Carolyn McCarthy from New York proposed a bill that would "ban the sale, transfer, manufacturing of importation of 150 specific firearms including semiautomatic rifles or pistols that can be used with a detachable or fixed ammunition magazines that hold more than 10 rounds and have specific military-style features, including pistol grips, grenade launchers or rocket launchers." The bill exempts 900 models of guns used for sport and hunting (the exemption is for 2,258 specific shotguns and rifles). Feinstein commented on the issue saying, "Massacres have taken place in businesses, law practices, malls, movie theaters, and especially schools. These massacres don't seem to stop, they continue on. Columbine, Virginia Tech, Aurora, Tucson, and Oak Creek. The common thread in each of these shootings is the gunman used a semi-automatic assault weapon or large capacity ammunition magazines. Military assault weapons only have one purpose and in my opinion, it's for the military."
2008 presidential politics 
As a superdelegate, Feinstein had declared that she would support Hillary Clinton for the Democratic presidential nomination. However, once Barack Obama became the presumptive nominee for the party, she fully backed his candidacy. Days after Obama amassed enough delegates to win the Democratic Party nomination, Feinstein lent her Washington, D.C., home to both Clinton and Obama to have a private one-on-one meeting. Feinstein did not attend the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver because she had fallen and broken her ankle earlier in the month.
She chaired the United States Congress Joint Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies, and acted as mistress of ceremonies, introducing each participant at the 2009 presidential inauguration.
2010 Gubernatorial election 
Feinstein had been reported as considering a run for Governor of California in 2010 to replace term limited Republican incumbent Arnold Schwarzenegger. A private poll in July 2008 showed Feinstein far outpacing former governor Jerry Brown, 50 percent to 24 percent, with Congressman John Garamendi at 10 percent. A February 2009 poll showed that 36 percent of Democrats sampled in the poll said they would support Feinstein if she ran for governor. Brown earned 14 percent, followed by Gavin Newsom and Antonio Villaraigosa, at 9 percent and 22 percent undecided. By October, although undeclared, in a poll by Field Research she led the Democratic field with 52 percent of all voters and 68 percent of Democratic voters. After months of speculation, Feinstein announced in February 2010 that she would not be running for governor. Feinstein became campaign chair for Barbara Boxer in the United States Senate election which resulted in Boxer's reelection.
Awards and honors 
Offices held 
|Office||Type||Location||Elected||Term began||Term ended|
|Mayor||Executive||San Francisco||N/A||December 4, 1978||January 8, 1980|
|Mayor||Executive||San Francisco||1979||January 8, 1980||January 8, 1984|
|Mayor||Executive||San Francisco||1983||January 8, 1984||January 8, 1988|
|Senator||Legislature||Washington, D.C.||1992||November 4, 1992||January 3, 1995|
|Senator||Legislature||Washington, D.C.||1994||January 3, 1995||January 3, 2001|
|Senator||Legislature||Washington, D.C.||2000||January 3, 2001||January 3, 2007|
|Senator||Legislature||Washington, D.C.||2006||January 3, 2007||January 3, 2013|
|Senator||Legislature||Washington, D.C.||2012||January 3, 2013||Ongoing|
Electoral history 
|California gubernatorial election, 1990|
|American Independent||Jerome McCready||139,661||1.8|
|Peace and Freedom||Maria Elizabeth Munoz||96,842||1.3|
|United States Senate special election in California, 1992|
|Republican||John F. Seymour (incumbent)||4,093,501||38.0|
|Peace and Freedom||Gerald Horne||305,697||2.8|
|American Independent||Paul Meeuwenberg||281,973||2.6|
|Libertarian||Richard Benjamin Boddie||247,799||2.3|
|Democratic gain from Republican||Swing|
|United States Senate election in California, 1994|
|Democratic||Dianne Feinstein (incumbent)||3,979,152||46.7||−7.6|
|Peace and Freedom||Elizabeth Cervantes Barron||255,301||3.0||+0.2|
|Libertarian||Richard Benjamin Boddie||179,100||2.1||−0.6|
|American Independent||Paul Meeuwenberg||142,771||1.7||−0.9|
|United States Senate election in California, 2000|
|Democratic||Dianne Feinstein (incumbent)||5,932,522||55.8||+9.1|
|Green||Medea Susan Benjamin||326,828||3.1||+1.4|
|American Independent||Dianne Beall Templin||134,598||1.3||−0.4|
|Reform||Jose Luis Olivares Camahort||96,552||0.9||+0.9|
|Natural Law||Brian M. Rees||58,537||0.5||+0.5|
|United States Senate election in California, 2006|
|Democratic||Dianne Feinstein (incumbent)||5,076,289||59.4||+3.6|
|Libertarian||Michael S. Metti||133,851||1.6||−0.2|
|Peace and Freedom||Marsha Feinland||117,764||1.4||+1.4|
|American Independent||Don J. Grundmann||75,350||0.9||−0.4|
|United States Senate election in California, 2012|
|Democratic||Dianne Feinstein (incumbent)||7,748,994||62.5||+3.1|
See also 
- California government and politics
- Rosalind Wiener Wyman, co-chair of Feinstein political campaigns.
- "Fe". Real Names of Famous Folk. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
- Charles Mahtesian (26 November 2012). "Feinstein's record: 7.3 million votes". Politico (Politico). Retrieved 16 December 2012.
- "Feinstein plays key role". San Diego Union-Tribune. January 21, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-22.
- "Millions witness moment". The Straits Times ((Singapore)). Associated Press and Agence France-Presse. January 21, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-20.
- Slater, Robert; Elinor Slater (2004). Great Jewish Women. Middle Village, New York: Jonathan David Publishers. p. 78.
- "Presiding Judge". Superior Court of California, County of San Francisco. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
- "Katherine Feinstein retiring as judge", San Francisco Chronicle, December 19, 2012
- Loughlin, Sean; Robert Yoon (2003-06-13). "Millionaires populate U.S. Senate". CNN. Retrieved 2007-05-07.
- "Personal Financial Disclosures Summary: 2005". opensecrets.org. Archived from the original on April 12, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-09.
- "Senate Public Financial Disclosure Report for Senator Diane Feinstein" (PDF). U.S. Senate/Washington Post. 2006-06-09. Retrieved 2007-05-07.
- Coile, Zachary (2004-06-26). "Bay lawmakers among wealthiest". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-05-07.
- Clarence Johnson (1995-10-24). "PAGE ONE – It's Brown vs. Brown Ex-speaker's reputation helps, hinders him". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- Talbot, David (2012). Season of the Witch: Enchantment, Terror and Deliverance in the City of Love. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 480. ISBN 978-1-4391-0821-5.
- "The Times of Harvey Milk". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
- "Museums in Motion - 1984: Rejuvenation". Market Street Railway. Retrieved 2007-10-19.
- Andrew Stevens. "Gavin Newsom Mayor of San Francisco". City Mayors. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
- "The Night Stalker: Serial Killer Richard Ramirez". Court TV. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
- "Enforcement Cases: F". California Fair Political Practices Commission. Archived from the original on April 6, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
- "ontheissues.org: Vote number 11-SV019 extending the PATRIOT Act's roving wiretaps on Feb 17, 2011 regarding bill H.514 FISA Sunsets Extension Act Results: Passed 86-12". Retrieved 22 Dec 2012.
- "Historic Anti-Corn Ethanol Amendment Faces Uphill Battle". Reuters. June 23, 2011.
- http://thomas.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d112:SN00968:@@@P THOMAS.gov
- Lochead, Carolyn (January 17, 2012). "Debate over Internet piracy legislation heats up". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Freedman, Dan (January 24, 2013). "Sen. Feinstein rolls out gun ban measure". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst). Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- Steinhauer, Jennifer (January 24, 2013). "Senator Unveils Bill to Limit Semiautomatic Arms". The New York Times. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- O'Keefe, Ed (January 24, 2013). "Lawmakers Unveil New Assault Weapons Ban". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- "Obama-Clinton meeting held at Dianne Feinstein's home.". CNN. 2008-06-08. Retrieved 2008-06-08.
- "Feinstein Breaks Ankle, Cancels Convention Trip". CNN. 2008-08-19. Retrieved 2008-09-09.
- Davies, Frank (January 20, 2009). "Obama warns of tough times, promises 'new era of responsibility'". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2009-01-20.
- Coile, Zachary (29 August 2008). "Feinstein considers run for governor in 2010". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 4 December 2008.
- [dead link]
- "The Field Poll" (PDF). Field Research Corp. October 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
- Bunia, Dena (17 February 2010). "Feinstein rules out race for governor". Orange County Register. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
- Woodruff, Judy (October 28, 2010). "Transcript". PBS Newshour (MacNeil/Lehrer Productions). Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- Britt, Russ (November 3, 2010). "Fiorina finally concedes in California Senate race". MarketWatch (Dow Jones). Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- Roberts, Jerry (1994). Dianne Feinstein: Never Let Them See You Cry, Harpercollins. ISBN 0-06-258508-8
- Talbot, David (2012). Season of the Witch: Enchantment, Terror and Deliverance in the City of Love, New York: Simon and Schuster. 480 p. ISBN 978-1-4391-0821-5.
- Weiss, Mike (2010). Double Play: The Hidden Passions Behind the Double Assassination of George Moscone and Harvey Milk, Vince Emery Productions. ISBN 978-0-9825650-5-6
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Dianne Feinstein|
- United States Senator Dianne Feinstein official U.S. Senate site
- Dianne Feinstein 2012 official campaign site
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Profile at Ballotpedia
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (federal office) at OpenSecrets.org
- Staff salaries, trips and personal finance (federal office) at LegiStorm.com
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Works by or about Dianne Feinstein in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Op-ed archives at Project Syndicate
- Profile at SourceWatch
- Biography at Jewish Women Encyclopedia
- Diane Feinstein's Opening Remarks at the 2009 Presidential Inauguration at AmericanRhetoric.com, video, audio and text