Front page, 2009-06-02
|Founder||Torcuato Luca de Tena y Alvarez-Ossorio|
|Publisher||Catalina Luca de Tena|
|Founded||January 1, 1903|
|Political alignment||Conservativism, Monarchism, Centre-Right|
|Circulation||243,154 daily in 2011|
ABC is a Spanish national daily newspaper founded in Madrid on January 1, 1903, by Torcuato Luca de Tena y Álvarez-Ossorio. ABC started as a weekly newspaper, turning daily in June 1905. Today, ABC is the third largest general-interest newspaper in Spain, and the oldest newspaper still operating in Madrid. ABC is often referred to as a newspaper of record from Spain, along with El País and El Mundo.
ABC is known for generally supporting conservative political views and defending the Spanish monarchy. Historically, it was noted in its heavy use of photography, and the front page is typically a large photo taking up to one third of the area. Recently, it has been recognized for its coverage of Spanish culture and arts.
During the Spanish Civil War, ABC famously published two different versions. On July 20, 1936, shortly after the war began, ABC in Madrid was seized by the Popular Front (Frente Popular), which changed the paper's politics to support the Republicans. A separate ABC printed in Seville supported the Nationalists. In 1939 ABC in Madrid was given back to its legitimate owners, by Francisco Franco, and once again became the largest newspaper in Spain. It remained critical of the government; however it did support Franco.
It later moved from its historic landmark offices in Madrid by Paseo de la Castellana, which are now a shopping mall.
On September 25, 2009, ABC made its complete archives, dating back to 1903, available online, giving modern readers a chance to see contemporaneous news about the Spanish Civil War or Francisco Franco's death.
Today, ABC publishes in compact-sized stapled sheets, noticeably smaller than the loose tabloid format favoured by most Spanish dailies, including El País and El Mundo. Its cover distinctively features a full-size picture.
After joining the joint-venture that resulted in Grupo Vocento, ABC has taken a more moderate stance than other conservative media outlets, notably by refusing to second conspiracy theories related to the 2004 Madrid train bombings (locally known as 11-M).