Diario de Manila
Diario de Manila's special supplement covering the expedition to Jolo in 1876. Drawing by Baltasar Giraudier
|Publisher||Ramírez y Compañía|
|Editor||Felipe del Pan|
Diario de Manila was a Spanish language newspaper published in the Philippines, founded on October 11, 1848, and closed down by official decree on February 19, 1898, after the colonial authorities discovered that its installations were being used to print revolutionary material.
The first daily of Manila, La Esperanza had been founded on December 1, 1846. Diario de Manila raised as a competitor just a couple of years later, during a time when a great number of native newspapers written in Spanish came into existence in the Philippines,
Isabelo de los Reyes, a prominent Filipino politician, writer and labor activist in the 19th and 20th centuries, who was the founder of the Aglipayan Church, worked as a journalist and wrote several articles for the newspaper, such as the “Invasión de Limahong”, which appeared in the Diario de Manila in November 1882. He eventually became the associate editor of the Diario.
Baltasar Giraudier, a famous Filipino artist and writer who published his work in both the Diario de Manila and in the Ilustración Filipina, accompanied Governor General Malcampo to Jolo during an organized military expedition that took place in February 1876 against the Muslim pirates who had been receiving a substantial amount of arms and ammunition during the previous years. Governor Malcampo commissioned Giraudier to illustrate the landscape of the island together with its people, customs and architecture. The resulting drawings are considered to be among the best lithographic illustrations of the Islands.
An article published in Diario de Manila by the Jesuit Father Jaime Nonell, which described observations of the typhoon of September 1865 done by Father Francisco Colina, prompted the establishment of the Observatorio Meteorológico del Ateneo Municipal de Manila.
Camilo Millán y Villanueva, former governor of several provinces in the Archipelago and government adviser, raised the issue of the reforms for the Philippines in an article published in 1897 titled "El gran problema de las reformas en Filipinas".
In 1894 Emilio Jacinto started editing Kalayaan (Freedom), the Katipunan's official publication, thanks to the printing press of the Diario de Manila, and using typefaces stolen from the printing room by Filipino employees who were also members of the Katipunan. They conducted their activities under the unsuspecting eyes of the management, who were mostly active members of the Spanish colonial reserve forces. Most of their secret activities took place during the two-and-a-half lunch breaks when the Spanish personnel took their meals and their siesta.
On August 19, 1896, one of those Katipunan members, Teodoro Patiño, who was on strong disagreement with press foreman de la Cruz over a salary increase and claimed he was also being made responsible for the loss of the printing supplies that were used for the Kalayaan, told all the story to his sister Honoria, who was then living with nuns in a Mandaluyong orphanage.
Honoria was deeply disturbed by his brother's revelation and decided to inform the orphanage’s Mother Superior, Sor Teresa de Jesús, about the existence of the secret society. Sor Teresa in turn sought the advice of Father Mariano Gil, the parish priest of Tondo, who accompanied by several Guardias Civiles immediately searched the premises of Diario de Manila and found evidence of the Katipunan’s existence. They quickly informed the governor general who padlocked the printing press and arrested de la Cruz, who was found in possession of a dagger used in Katipunan initiation rites, and dozens of other suspected Katipunan members.